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House of Representatives
Session of 2013 - 2014 Regular Session


Posted: April 15, 2014 04:36 PM
From: Representative Stephen Bloom and Rep. Seth M. Grove, Rep. George Dunbar
To: All House members
Subject: Small Business Tax Fairness Package
Dear Members,

A key to improving our economy is the success of the small businesses that create 65% of Pennsylvania’s jobs. Removing unfair tax obstacles for small businesses allows them to compete effectively, so they can grow more jobs for current and future generations.

In the near future, we will be introducing a tax reform package focused on removing unnecessary impediments to small business. The legislation, explained below, will focus on reforming tax treatment in three critical scenarios: like-kind exchanges; net operating loss carry forwards; and, Section 179 expense deductions. Identical legislation will be introduced in the Senate by Senators Folmer, Brubaker and Hutchinson, respectively.

If there are any questions or concerns, please contact Lauren Withjack at lwithjac@pahousegop.com or 717-772-2280.

Document #1

Introduced as HB2402

Description: Like-Kind Exchanges – Prime Sponsor: Rep. Stephen Bloom

Under Federal tax law, a “like-kind” exchange pursuant to Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 allows for tax-deferral when property is exchanged for similar property.  This long-standing Federal provision facilitates efficient investment in the job-creating assets businesses need to remain competitive, and every state but Pennsylvania provides for a similar deferral on the state level.
Currently, Pennsylvania tax law contains no such provision.  Rep. Bloom’s legislation would allow for like-kind exchanges in Pennsylvania mirroring Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 provisions, thereby removing a disadvantage Pennsylvania small businesses face in competing with businesses in other states.
  View Attachment

Document #2

Introduced as HB2401

Description:  Net Operating Loss – Prime Sponsor:  Rep. Seth Grove

The Tax Reform Code of 1971 allows corporate taxpayers to deduct Pennsylvania losses from one year from Pennsylvania Income in subsequent years.  However, there have been several changes in the carry forward period for Net Operating Losses and limitations on the amount of Net Operating Loss that can be used in a given tax period.

Rep. Grove’s legislation would allow a small business to use the Net Operating Loss deduction.  Since small businesses don’t have access to the capital larger companies have, their ability to use such tax strategies helps them have greater control over their financial position.  An example: If an owner sells some personal items to help his business make payroll, he can take the business loss against the tax bill he creates selling the personal items.
  View Attachment

Document #3

Introduced as HB2400

Description: Section 179 Expense Deductions – Prime Sponsor:  Rep. George Dunbar 

For Pennsylvania C Corporations, the calculation for Pennsylvania Corporate Net Income begins with federal taxable income which is then adjusted for certain items specified in Article IV of the Tax Reform Code.  Currently there is no adjustment for Section 179 expense.  Therefore, the Section 179 expense used in the calculation of Federal taxable Income is also used in Pennsylvania C Corporation Net income.

The Federal limit for Section 179 expenses has been $500,000 for the last 4 years. However, for personal income tax purposes (S corps, partnerships and individuals) Pennsylvania law limits the amount of Section 179 deduction to $25,000.

This has created an inequity for our small businesses in Pennsylvania.  Pennsylvania C corporations are allowed a 179 deduction that small businesses are not.  So Rep. Dunbar is asking for your support for legislation he will soon introduce to increase the maximum amount a taxpayer may elect to expense for Section 179 assets to $100,000 per taxable year. He is also proposing to increase the phase out of this deduction from the current level of $200,000 to the current federal amount of $2,000,000.

Understand that this increase in the deduction is not a tax credit, but simply allows a tax deduction earlier in the useful life of depreciable assets. The increase in limits is an incentive to encourage businesses to buy equipment and invest in themselves thus creating economic development in Pennsylvania.

Please join with Rep. Dunbar in co-sponsoring this legislation to help small businesses grow in an economy that is still struggling to get back on its feet.
  View Attachment