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A04847
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PENNSYLVANIA
HOUSE BILL
No.
1564
Session of
2019
INTRODUCED BY EMRICK, JUNE 4, 2019
REFERRED TO COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT, JUNE 4, 2019
AN ACT
Amending Title 53 (Municipalities Generally) of the Pennsylvania
Consolidated Statutes, Amending Titles 42 (Judiciary and
Judicial Procedure), 53 (Municipalities Generally) and 57
(Notaries Public) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes,
in Uniform Unsworn Foreign Declarations Act, further
providing for heading of chapter, for short title of chapter,
for definitions, for applicability and for form of unsworn
declaration; in consolidated county assessment, further
providing for definitions, for subjects of local taxation and
for assessment of mobile homes and house trailers.; in
Revised Uniform Law on Notarial Acts, further providing for
authority to perform notarial act, providing for notarial act
performed by remotely located individual and further
providing for notification regarding performance of notarial
act on electronic record and selection of technology.
The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
hereby enacts as follows:
Section 1. Section 8802 of Title 53 of the Pennsylvania
Consolidated Statutes is amended by adding definitions to read:
Section 1. Chapter 62 heading and sections 6201, 6202, 6203
and 6206 of Title 42 of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes
are amended to read:
CHAPTER 62
UNIFORM UNSWORN [FOREIGN]
DECLARATIONS ACT
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§ 6201. Short title of chapter.
This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Uniform
Unsworn [Foreign] Declarations Act.
§ 6202. Definitions.
The following words and phrases when used in this chapter
shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the
context clearly indicates otherwise:
["Boundaries of the United States." The geographic
boundaries of the United States, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands
and any territory or insular possession subject to the
jurisdiction of the United States.]
"Law." Includes [the Federal or a state constitution, a
Federal or state] a statute, [a] judicial decision or order, [a]
rule of court, [an] executive order and [an] administrative
rule, regulation or order.
"Record." Information that is inscribed on a tangible medium
or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is
retrievable in perceivable form.
"Sign." With present intent to authenticate or adopt a
record:
(1) to execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or
(2) to attach to or logically associate with the record
an electronic symbol, sound or process.
["State." A state of the United States, the District of
Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands or any territory or
insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United
States.]
"Sworn declaration." A declaration in a signed record given
under oath. The term includes a sworn statement, verification,
certificate and affidavit.
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"Unsworn declaration." A declaration in a signed record
[that is] not given under oath but [is] given under penalty of
perjury.
§ 6203. Applicability.
This chapter applies to an unsworn declaration by a declarant
who at the time of making the declaration is physically located
within or outside the boundaries of the United States whether or
not the location is subject to the jurisdiction of the United
States. [This chapter does not apply to a declaration by a
declarant who is physically located on property that is within
the boundaries of the United States and subject to the
jurisdiction of another country or a federally recognized Indian
tribe.]
§ 6206. Form of unsworn declaration.
An unsworn declaration under this chapter must be in
substantially the following form:
I declare under penalty of perjury under the law of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that the foregoing is true
and correct[, and that I am physically located outside
the geographic boundaries of the United States, Puerto
Rico, the Virgin Islands and any territory or insular
possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United
States].
[Executed] Signed on the........day of........,........,
at............................................,
(date)........(month)...........(year).........
([city] county or other location, and state)............
...............................................
(country)..................................
(printed name).............................
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(signature)................................
Section 2. Section 8802 of Title 53 is amended by adding
definitions to read:
§ 8802. Definitions.
The following words and phrases when used in this chapter
shall have the meanings given to them in this section unless the
context clearly indicates otherwise:
* * *
"Manufactured home." A manufactured home as defined in
section 603(6) of the National Manufactured Housing Construction
and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-383, 42 U.S.C.
5402(6)) or a structure designed and used exclusively for living
quarters.
"Mobile home." A structure manufactured before 1976,
designed and used exclusively for living quarters or commercial
purposes, but only incidentally operated on a highway.
* * *
Section 2 3. Sections 8811(a)(1) and 8821 of Title 53 are
amended to read:
§ 8811. Subjects of local taxation.
(a) Subjects of taxation enumerated.--Except as provided in
subsection (b), all subjects and property made taxable by the
laws of this Commonwealth for county, city, borough, town,
township and school district purposes shall, as provided in this
chapter, be valued and assessed at the annual rates, including
all:
(1) Real estate, namely:
(i) houses;
(ii) [house trailers] manufactured homes and mobile
homes permanently attached to land or connected with
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water, gas, electric or sewage facilities;
(iii) buildings permanently attached to land or
connected with water, gas, electric or sewage facilities;
(iv) lands, lots of ground and ground rents, trailer
parks and parking lots;
(v) mills and manufactories of all kinds, furnaces,
forges, bloomeries, distilleries, sugar houses, malt
houses, breweries, tan yards, fisheries, ferries and
wharves;
(vi) all office buildings;
(vii) that portion of a steel, lead, aluminum or
like melting and continuous casting structure which
encloses or provides shelter or protection from the
elements for the various machinery, tools, appliances,
equipment, materials or products involved in the mill,
mine, manufactory or industrial process; and
(viii) telecommunication towers that have become
affixed to land.
* * *
§ 8821. Assessment of mobile homes and [house trailers]
manufactured homes.
(a) Duty.--It shall be the duty of the county assessment
office to assess all mobile homes and [house trailers]
manufactured homes within the county according to the actual
value thereof. All mobile homes or [house trailers] manufactured
homes which are subject to taxation as real estate as provided
in this chapter shall be assessed and taxed in the name of the
owner. The land upon which the mobile home or [house trailer]
manufactured home is located at the time of assessment shall be
assessed separately and shall not include the value of the
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[house trailer or] mobile home or manufactured home located
thereon.
(a.1) Value.--In arriving at the actual value of a mobile
home or manufactured home, the assessor shall consider:
(1) The value placed on the mobile home or manufactured
home in a national directory or valuation guide prepared by
an association that analyzes mobile home or manufactured home
sales and other relevant data.
(2) Any depreciation in value of the unit.
(3) The ability of the mobile home or manufactured home
to be readily transported from one site to another.
(4) The fair market value of the mobile home or
manufactured home, using the approaches to value specified in
section 8842(b)(1) (relating to valuation of property),
provided, however, that such fair market value shall not
include the value of the land upon which the mobile home or
manufactured home is located.
(b) Records.--All [mobile home court operators] manufactured
housing community owners, which shall mean every person who
leases land to [two] three or more persons for the purpose of
allowing the lessees to locate on the land a mobile home or
[house trailer] manufactured home which is subject to real
property taxation, shall maintain a record of the leases, which
shall be open for inspection at reasonable times by the county
assessment office. Each month, the [mobile home court operator]
manufactured housing community owner shall send a record to the
county assessment office of the arrivals and departures of
mobile homes or [house trailers] manufactured homes in the
[court] community during the prior month, including the make,
model, manufacturer, year and serial number of the mobile home
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or [house trailer] manufactured home.
(c) Notice.--Each person in whose name a mobile home or
[house trailer] manufactured home is assessed, rated or valued
as provided in this chapter shall be notified in writing by the
assessor that it shall be unlawful for any person to remove the
mobile home or [house trailer] manufactured home from the taxing
district without first having obtained removal permits from the
local tax collector.
(d) Removal permits.--The local tax collector shall issue
removal permits upon application and payment of a fee of $2 and
of all taxes levied and assessed on the mobile home or [house
trailer] manufactured home to be moved.
(e) Penalty.--Any person who moves a mobile home or [house
trailer] manufactured home from the territorial limits of the
taxing district without first having obtained a removal permit
issued under this chapter shall, upon summary conviction, be
sentenced to pay a fine of $100 and costs of prosecution or to
imprisonment for not more than 30 days, or both.
(f) Characterization of property.--Nothing in this section
shall be construed as prohibiting a mobile home or [house
trailer] manufactured home upon which a real property tax is
levied as provided by law from being deemed tangible personal
property for other purposes.
Section 4. Section 304 of Title 57 is amended by adding a
subsection to read:
§ 304. Authority to perform notarial act.
* * *
(c) Certification of tangible copies.--A notarial officer
may certify that a tangible copy of an electronic record is a
true and correct copy of the electronic record.
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Section 5. Title 57 is amended by adding a section to read:
§ 314.1. Notarial act performed by remotely located individual.
(a) General rule.--A remotely located individual may comply
with section 306 (relating to personal appearance required) by
appearing before a notary public by means of communication
technology.
(b) Use of communication technology.--A notary public
located in this Commonwealth may perform a notarial act
facilitated by communication technology for a remotely located
individual if all of the following apply:
(1) The notary public:
(i) has personal knowledge under section 307(a)
(relating to identification of individual) of the
identity of the individual;
(ii) has satisfactory evidence of the identity of
the remotely located individual by oath or affirmation
from a credible witness appearing before the notary
public under section 307(b)(2) or under this section; or
(iii) is able to reasonably identify the individual
by at least two different types of identity proofing
processes or services.
(2) The notary public is able to reasonably identify a
record before the notary public as the same record:
(i) in which the remotely located individual made
the statement; or
(ii) on which the remotely located individual
executed the signature.
(3) The notary public, or a person acting on behalf of
the notary public, creates an audio-visual recording of the
performance of the notarial act.
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(4) If the remotely located individual is located
outside the United States, all of the following apply:
(i) The record:
(A) is to be filed with or relates to a matter
before a court, governmental entity, public official
or other entity under the jurisdiction of the United
States; or
(B) involves:
(I) property located in the territorial
jurisdiction of the United States; or
(II) a transaction substantially connected
with the United States.
(ii) The act of making the statement or signing the
record is not prohibited by the foreign state where the
remotely located individual is located.
(c) Notarial certificate.--If a notarial act is subject to
this section, the certificate of notarial act required by
section 315 (relating to certificate of notarial act) and the
short form certificate under section 316 (relating to short form
certificates) must indicate that the notarial act was performed
by means of communication technology.
(d) Sufficiency.--A short form certificate under section 316
for a notarial act subject to this section is sufficient if
either of the following apply:
(1) The short form certificate is in the form provided
by section 316 and contains a statement substantially as
follows:
"This notarial act involved the use of communication
technology."
(2) The certificate complies with the regulations
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promulgated under subsection (g)(1).
(e) Audio-visual recording.--The following apply:
(1) This subsection applies to:
(i) a notary public;
(ii) a guardian, a conservator or an agent of a
notary public; or
(iii) a personal representative of a deceased notary
public.
(2) A person under paragraph (1) shall retain the audio-
visual recording created under subsection (b)(3) or cause the
recording to be retained by a repository designated by or on
behalf of the notary public. The person shall retain the
recording:
(i) for at least 10 years after the recording is
created; or
(ii) as otherwise required by the regulations
promulgated under subsection (g)(4).
(f) Notification.--The following apply:
(1) Before a notary public performs the notary public's
initial notarial act under this section, the notary public
must notify the department that the notary public will be
performing notarial acts facilitated by communication
technology and identify the technology.
(2) If the department has established standards for
approval of communication technology or identity proofing
under subsection (g) and section 327 (relating to
regulations), the communication technology and identity
proofing must conform to the standards.
(g) Regulations.--In addition to matters listed in section
327, the department may promulgate regulations regarding
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performance of a notarial act performed under this section. The
regulations may do all of the following:
(1) Prescribe the means of performing a notarial act
involving communication technology to communicate with a
remotely located individual.
(2) Establish standards for communication technology and
identity proofing. This paragraph includes the use of
credential analysis, dynamic knowledge-based authentication,
biometrics and other means of identification.
(3) Establish requirements or procedures to approve
providers of communication technology and the process of
identity proofing.
(4) Establish standards and periods for the retention of
an audio-visual recording created under subsection (b)(3) of
the performance of a notarial act.
(h) Promotion of uniformity.--Before promulgating, amending
or repealing regulations about the performance of a notarial act
with respect to a remotely located individual, the department
shall consider, if consistent with this chapter, all of the
following:
(1) The most recent standards regarding the performance
of a notarial act with respect to remotely located
individuals promulgated by a national standard-setting
organization. This paragraph includes the National
Association of Secretaries of State.
(2) Standards, practices and customs of other
jurisdictions that enact a statutory provision substantially
similar to this section.
(3) The views of governmental officials and entities and
other interested persons.
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(i) Definitions.--As used in this section, the following
words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this
subsection unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Communication technology." An electronic device or process
that:
(1) allows a notary public located in this Commonwealth
and a remotely located individual to communicate with each
other simultaneously by sight and sound; and
(2) makes reasonable accommodations for an individual
with a vision, hearing or speech impairment in accordance
with law.
"Foreign state." A jurisdiction other than the United
States, a state or a federally recognized Indian tribe.
"Identity proofing." A process or service by which a third
person provides a notary public with a means to verify the
identity of a remotely located individual by a review of
personal information from public or private data sources.
"Outside the United States." A location outside the
geographic boundaries of:
(1) the United States;
(2) Puerto Rico;
(3) the Virgin Islands; and
(4) any territory, insular possession or other location
subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
"Remotely located individual." An individual who is not in
the physical presence of the notary public performing a notarial
act under subsection (b).
Section 6. Section 320 of Title 57 is amended by adding a
subsection to read:
§ 320. Notification regarding performance of notarial act on
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electronic record; selection of technology.
* * *
(c) Certification of tangible copies.--A recorder of deeds
may accept for recording a tangible copy of an electronic record
containing a notarial certificate as satisfying any requirement
that the record be an original, if the notarial officer
executing the notarial certificate certifies that the tangible
copy is an accurate copy of the electronic record.
Section 3. This act shall take effect January 1 of the year
following the date of enactment.
Section 7. This act shall take effect as follows:
(1) The amendment of sections 8802, 8811(a)(1) and 8821
of Title 53 shall take effect January 1 of the year following
the date of enactment.
(2) The remainder of this act shall take effect
immediately.
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