Legislation Quick Search
07/20/2019 10:11 PM
Pennsylvania General Assembly
https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/Topic_Index/Public/Index.cfm?SessYr=2017&SessInd=0&billBody=H&billTyp=B&billNbr=1655
Share:
Home / Bills from this session under the same topics.

Bills from this session under the same topics as
House Bill 1655

Click on a topic to view legislation relating to that topic.

  • CANDIDATES (30)

    HB0222 BRIGGS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, providing for disclosure of Federal tax returns by candidates for...
    HB0256 KAUFFMAN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for casting of lots for position of names upon ...
    HB0389 SCHEMEL An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for reporting by candidate and political c...
    HB0444 GABLER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for manner of signing nomination petitions and ...
    HB0570 DAVIS An Act amending Title 65 (Public Officers) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in ethics standards and financial disclosure, providing for gift ban.
    HB0638 SIMMONS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for election officers to be sworn; in dates o...
    HB0678 LAWRENCE An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in dates of elections and primar...
    HB0733 LONGIETTI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for place and time of filing nomination petitio...
    HB0736 LONGIETTI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for nomination petitions to be filed.
    HB0859 M. K. KELLER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for reporting by candidate and political c...
    HB0947 DeLUCA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, further providing for limitations on eligibility of candidates.
    HB1272 GOODMAN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for definitions, for reporting by candidat...
    HB1332 DERMODY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in Secretary of the Commonwealth, further providing for powers and duties of the Secretary of ...
    HB1417 PASHINSKI An Act amending Title 15 (Corporations and Unincorporated Associations) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in corporate powers, duties and safeguards, providing for shareholder approval f...
    HB1655 WHEATLEY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, requiring drug screening for candidates for certain elective publ...
    HB1825 MASSER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for determination and certification of Statewid...
    HB1975 ENGLISH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for advertising.
    HB1976 ENGLISH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, providing for personal loans to candidate's political commit...
    HB2311 CORR An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in dates of elections and primaries and special elections, further providing for affidavits of...
    HB2319 BARRAR An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for number of signers required for nomination p...
    HB2399 LONGIETTI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for nomination petitions to be filed.
    HB2448 REED An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in qualifications of electors, further providing for qualifications of electors at primaries; ...
    HB2527 SCHWEYER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for place of filing and for additional pow...
    HB2623 CONKLIN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for candidate disclosure of Federal income tax returns.
    HB2661 C. QUINN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in qualifications of electors, f...
    SB0011 COSTA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in Secretary of the Commonwealth, further providing for powers and duties of the Secretary of ...
    SB0247 LEACH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for disclosure of Federal income tax returns by candidates for President and Vice Pr...
    SB0299 ALLOWAY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for number of signers required for nomination p...
    SB0379 COSTA An Act amending Title 65 (Public Officers) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in ethics standards and financial disclosure, further defining "candidate."
    SB0641 RAFFERTY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in electronic voting systems, further providing for election day procedures and the process of...
  • ELECTIONS (99)

    HB0075 SNYDER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preparation for and conduct of primaries and elections, further providing for notice of Nov...
    HB0101 BIZZARRO An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in voter registration, further providing for methods of voter registration, providing for same-day registration of ...
    HB0171 SACCONE An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for appointment of watchers.
    HB0189 RABB An Act authorizing the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to join the Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote; and providing for the form of the agreement.
    HB0193 GAINEY An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in voter registration, further providing for methods of voter registration, providing for automatic registration of...
    HB0222 BRIGGS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, providing for disclosure of Federal tax returns by candidates for...
    HB0256 KAUFFMAN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for casting of lots for position of names upon ...
    HB0389 SCHEMEL An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for reporting by candidate and political c...
    HB0427 PASHINSKI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for conduct of early voting in primaries and elections.
    HB0436 TALLMAN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in the Secretary of the Commonwe...
    HB0444 GABLER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for manner of signing nomination petitions and ...
    HB0590 DUSH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in electoral college, further providing for election of presidential electors.
    HB0621 CRUZ An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for compensation of district election officer...
    HB0638 SIMMONS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for election officers to be sworn; in dates o...
    HB0678 LAWRENCE An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in dates of elections and primar...
    HB0733 LONGIETTI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for place and time of filing nomination petitio...
    HB0736 LONGIETTI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for nomination petitions to be filed.
    HB0770 MURT An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in dates of elections and primaries and special elections, providing for change of date for re...
    HB0859 M. K. KELLER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for reporting by candidate and political c...
    HB0945 DeLUCA An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in voter registration, further providing for methods of voter registration, providing for same-day voter registrati...
    HB0946 DeLUCA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for early voting in primaries and elections.
    HB0947 DeLUCA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, further providing for limitations on eligibility of candidates.
    HB0950 DeLUCA An Act prohibiting the use of sick time by public employees for campaign activities.
    HB0951 DeLUCA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preparation for and conduct of primaries and elections, further providing for regulations i...
    HB1025 BENNINGHOFF An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in provisions relating to the Secretary of the Commonwealth, further providing for powers and ...
    HB1093 McCLINTON An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in election districts and polling places, providing for residence of incarcerated individuals.
    HB1117 SIMS An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in voting procedures, further providing for application for absentee ballots.
    HB1138 GOODMAN An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in conduct of elections, further providing for application for absentee ballots.
    HB1145 BRIGGS An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in voter registration, further providing for qualifications to register.
    HB1168 DAWKINS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for compensation of district election officer...
    HB1272 GOODMAN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for definitions, for reporting by candidat...
    HB1332 DERMODY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in Secretary of the Commonwealth, further providing for powers and duties of the Secretary of ...
    HB1417 PASHINSKI An Act amending Title 15 (Corporations and Unincorporated Associations) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in corporate powers, duties and safeguards, providing for shareholder approval f...
    HB1425 BARRAR An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for qualifications of election officers and f...
    HB1465 RABB An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in registration system, further providing for departm...
    HB1546 MATZIE An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, providing for voting by mail; imposing penalties; and making related repeals.
    HB1572 RABB An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in dates of elections and primaries and special elections, providing for fines imposed for cer...
    HB1589 McGINNIS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preparation for and conduct of primaries and elections, further providing for regulations i...
    HB1627 FREEMAN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for reporting by candidate and political c...
    HB1655 WHEATLEY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, requiring drug screening for candidates for certain elective publ...
    HB1703 DALEY An Act amending Title 38 (Holidays and Observances) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, providing for election day.
    HB1726 CONKLIN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preparation for and conduct of primaries and elections, further providing for manner of app...
    HB1758 RABB An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in dates of elections and primaries and special elections, further providing for nominations f...
    HB1765 NESBIT An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in voting by qualified absentee electors, further providing for applications for official abse...
    HB1783 SOLOMON An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in qualifications of electors, further providing for qualifications of electors at primaries; ...
    HB1825 MASSER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for determination and certification of Statewid...
    HB1919 CAUSER An Act amending Titles 3, (Agriculture), 18 (Crimes and Offenses), 22 (Detectives and Private Police), 23 (Domestic Relations), 25 (Elections), 27 (Environmental Resources), 30 (Fish), 34 (Game),...
    HB1975 ENGLISH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for advertising.
    HB1976 ENGLISH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, providing for personal loans to candidate's political commit...
    HB2020 CONKLIN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in election districts and polling places, further providing for district boundaries; providing...
    HB2114 WHEATLEY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in election districts and polling places, providing for population of congressional and State ...
    HB2137 HAHN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in election districts and polling places, further providing for public buildings to be used wh...
    HB2295 DALEY An Act amending the act of March 10, 1949 (P.L.30, No.14), known as the Public School Code of 1949, in terms and courses of study, further providing for days schools not to be kept open.
    HB2311 CORR An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in dates of elections and primaries and special elections, further providing for affidavits of...
    HB2319 BARRAR An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for number of signers required for nomination p...
    HB2323 COX An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in voting machines, further providing for requirements of electronic voting systems.
    HB2352 CONKLIN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in election districts and polling places, further providing for district boundaries; providing...
    HB2399 LONGIETTI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for nomination petitions to be filed.
    HB2448 REED An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in qualifications of electors, further providing for qualifications of electors at primaries; ...
    HB2470 KAMPF An Act amending Title 8 (Boroughs and Incorporated Towns) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in elections of officers, further providing for decrease in number of members of council.
    HB2527 SCHWEYER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for place of filing and for additional pow...
    HB2562 BOBACK An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for the Pennsylvania Election Law Advisory Board.
    HB2575 COX An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for instruction of election officers in votin...
    HB2623 CONKLIN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for candidate disclosure of Federal income tax returns.
    HB2660 ROE An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in voting procedures, providing for assistance for certain qualified electors.
    HB2661 C. QUINN An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in qualifications of electors, f...
    HB2711 DALEY An Act amending Title 18 (Crimes and Offenses) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in inchoate crimes, prohibiting the possession of firearm at polling place.
    SB0011 COSTA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in Secretary of the Commonwealth, further providing for powers and duties of the Secretary of ...
    SB0022 BOSCOLA A Joint Resolution proposing integrated and distinct amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, organizing the Judiciary into representative districts and further providi...
    SB0047 WILLIAMS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in ballots, further providing for form of ballots, printing ballots, stubs and numbers; and, i...
    SB0057 GREENLEAF An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in county boards of elections, further providing for powers and duties of county boards of ele...
    SB0186 McGARRIGLE An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in district election officers, further providing for vacancies in election boards.
    SB0247 LEACH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for disclosure of Federal income tax returns by candidates for President and Vice Pr...
    SB0263 BAKER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in voting by qualified absentee electors, further providing for applications for official abse...
    SB0270 LEACH An Act authorizing the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania to join the Agreement Among the States to Elect the President by National Popular Vote; and providing for the form of the agreement.
    SB0280 BOSCOLA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in qualifications of electors, further providing for qualifications of electors at primaries; ...
    SB0281 BOSCOLA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, providing for voter's bill of rights; and, in election districts an...
    SB0282 BOSCOLA An Act providing for election day registration; and prescribing penalties.
    SB0285 BOSCOLA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in dates of elections and primaries and special elections, further providing for special elect...
    SB0290 LEACH An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for alternative campaign financing option, administration and requirement; establish...
    SB0299 ALLOWAY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in nomination of candidates, further providing for number of signers required for nomination p...
    SB0361 WILLIAMS A Joint Resolution proposing integrated amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, changing and adding provisions relating to selection of justices and judges.
    SB0379 COSTA An Act amending Title 65 (Public Officers) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in ethics standards and financial disclosure, further defining "candidate."
    SB0440 FONTANA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for early voting in primaries and elections.
    SB0447 BAKER An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for advertising.
    SB0617 RAFFERTY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preparation for and conduct of primaries and elections, further providing for meeting of el...
    SB0641 RAFFERTY An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in electronic voting systems, further providing for election day procedures and the process of...
    SB0708 STREET An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in county boards of elections, further providing for county boards of elections and membership...
    SB0762 WARD An Act amending Title 25 (Elections) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in registration system, providing for audit of SURE system.
    SB0767 COSTA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for congressional redistricting process; and establishing a congressional redistrict...
    SB0856 GREENLEAF A Joint Resolution proposing integrated amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, providing for retention election of justices of the peace.
    SB1020 WILLIAMS An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, providing for disclosure of Federal income tax returns by certain candidates.
    SB1038 COSTA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for residual funds.
    SB1048 SCAVELLO An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in election districts and polling places, further providing for public buildings to be used wh...
    SB1060 BOSCOLA A Joint Resolution proposing integrated amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, providing for congressional districts and further providing for the Legislative Reappor...
    SB1068 COSTA An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in primary and election expenses, further providing for definitions, for contributions or expe...
    SB1168 EICHELBERGER An Act amending Title 8 (Boroughs and Incorporated Towns) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in elections of officers, further providing for decrease in number of members of council.
    SB1234 SCARNATI An Act amending the act of June 3, 1937 (P.L.1333, No.320), known as the Pennsylvania Election Code, in preliminary provisions, further providing for definitions; in qualifications of electors, f...
    SB1267 BOSCOLA A Joint Resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, authorizing the use of initiative and referendum as powers reserved to the people.