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PRIOR PRINTER'S NO. 421
PRINTER'S NO. 2743
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PENNSYLVANIA
HOUSE BILL
No.
434
Session of
2019
INTRODUCED BY SOLOMON, GROVE, T. DAVIS, HILL-EVANS, MURT,
SCHLOSSBERG, CALTAGIRONE, MEHAFFIE, RABB, ULLMAN, JAMES,
YOUNGBLOOD, DRISCOLL, SAYLOR, FREEMAN, ISAACSON, NEILSON,
WEBSTER, STURLA, ROEBUCK, FRANKEL, KORTZ, OTTEN, BURGOS AND
KENYATTA, FEBRUARY 11, 2019
AS REPORTED FROM COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION, HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES, AS AMENDED, OCTOBER 21, 2019
AN ACT
Amending the act of March 10, 1949 (P.L.30, No.14), entitled "An
act relating to the public school system, including certain
provisions applicable as well to private and parochial
schools; amending, revising, consolidating and changing the
laws relating thereto," in certification of teachers,
providing for a cultural awareness COMPETENCE continuing
professional development course.; AND, IN TERMS AND COURSES
OF STUDY, FURTHER PROVIDING FOR HOLOCAUST, GENOCIDE AND HUMAN
RIGHTS VIOLATIONS INSTRUCTION.
The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
hereby enacts as follows:
Section 1. The act of March 10, 1949 (P.L.30, No.14), known
as the Public School Code of 1949, is amended by adding a
section to read:
Section 1218. Cultural Awareness COMPETENCE Continuing
Professional Development Course.--(a) The Department of
Education DEPARTMENT shall develop and implement a continuing
professional education course on cultural awareness COMPETENCE
that may be used by professional educators to satisfy the
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requirements of section 1205.2. :
(1) PROFESSIONAL EDUCATORS TO SATISFY THE REQUIREMENTS OF
SECTION 1205.2.
(2) SCHOOL OR SYSTEM LEADERS TO SATISFY THE REQUIREMENTS OF
SECTION 1205.5.
(3) PARAPROFESSIONALS TO SATISFY STAFF DEVELOPMENT
REQUIREMENTS UNDER 22 PA. CODE § 14.105 (RELATING TO PERSONNEL).
(b) The Department of Education DEPARTMENT shall develop the
continuing professional education course in a manner which
provides professional educators with information and strategies
which can be incorporated into instruction and general
interactions with students in order to encourage students to
become more culturally aware COMPETENT .
(c) The continuing professional education course shall BE
RESEARCH-BASED AND include training on the following:
(1) Information and strategies to encourage students to
become more culturally aware COMPETENT , and to reject ethnic,
cultural and religious biases.
(2) Resolving disputes between students that result from
ethnic and cultural disputes.
(3) Resolving disputes between students that result from
religious biases.
(4) The dynamics of prejudice and discrimination that impede
effective learning.
(5) Civil rights awareness.
(6) Intellectual, physical and behavioral disability
awareness.
(d) Continuing professional education course materials may
include the following:
(1) Materials that educate students in cultural sensitivity
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by introducing the students to various cultures.
(2) Teaching aids that allow students to explore cultures
through food, art, books, movies, dance, traditions and cross-
cultural experiences.
(3) Resources that allow students to explore the cultural
experience of other people, their history, present-day
experiences and connection to the American culture and fabric of
our land.
(4) Educational aids that provide students with information
on the cultural experiences of the inhabitants of this
Commonwealth, the inhabitants' experiences arriving in this
Commonwealth and development over the years.
(e) By July 31, 2020, and each July 31 thereafter, the
Department of Education DEPARTMENT shall submit to the
chairperson and minority chairperson of the Education Committee
of the Senate and the chairperson and minority chairperson of
the Education Committee of the House of Representatives a report
which shall include:
(1) The number of professional educators that have enrolled
in the continuing professional education course.
(2) The number of professional educators that have completed
the continuing education course.
(3) The number of schools SCHOOL ENTITIES that have
implemented classroom instruction in cultural awareness.
(4) Any issues that professional educators, administrators,
students or the Department of Education DEPARTMENT have
identified and need to be addressed.
(f) The course established under subsection (a) shall be
voluntary, offered online and at no cost to professional
educators.
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(g) For the purpose of this section, the term "professional
educator" shall mean an individual who holds a Pennsylvania
teacher, educational specialist or administrative certification
or letter of eligibility.
(G) THE DEPARTMENT SHALL REVIEW THE TRAINING MATERIALS EVERY
FIVE (5) YEARS AND ISSUE REVISIONS IF NECESSARY TO ENSURE BEST
PRACTICE IN THE FIELD.
(H) THE DEPARTMENT MAY APPROVE OTHER PROVIDERS OF CONTINUING
EDUCATION AND STAFF DEVELOPMENT THAT MEETS THE CRITERIA OF THIS
SECTION.
(I) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SUBSECTION:
"CULTURAL COMPETENCE" SHALL MEAN THE ABILITY TO INTERACT
EFFECTIVELY WITH PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT CULTURES, INCLUDING THE
FOLLOWING:
(1) AWARENESS OF A PERSON'S OWN CULTURAL WORLDVIEW.
(2) ATTITUDE TOWARDS CULTURAL DIFFERENCES.
(3) KNOWLEDGE OF DIFFERENT CULTURAL PRACTICES AND
WORLDVIEWS.
(4) CROSS-CULTURAL SKILLS.
"CULTURE" SHALL MEAN AN INDIVIDUAL'S UNDERSTANDING AND
OBSERVANCE OF SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES AMONG AND BETWEEN
CULTURAL GROUPS. THE TERM INCLUDES THE INTEGRATED PATTERNS OF
HUMAN BEHAVIOR SUCH AS THOUGHTS, COMMUNICATIONS, ACTIONS,
CUSTOMS, BELIEFS, VALUES AND INSTITUTIONS OF RACIAL, ETHNIC,
RELIGIOUS OR SOCIAL GROUPS.
"DEPARTMENT" SHALL REFER TO THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION OF
THE COMMONWEALTH.
"PARAPROFESSIONAL" SHALL MEAN AN INSTRUCTIONAL
PARAPROFESSIONAL WITHIN THE MEANING OF 22 PA. CODE § 14.105
(RELATING TO PERSONNEL).
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"PROFESSIONAL EDUCATOR" SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS
PROVIDED UNDER SECTION 1205.2.
"SCHOOL ENTITY" SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS PROVIDED UNDER
SECTION 1205.2.
"SCHOOL OR SYSTEM LEADERS" SHALL HAVE THE SAME MEANING AS
PROVIDED UNDER SECTION 1205.5.
SECTION 2. SECTION 1554 HEADING, (A), (B) AND (C) OF THE ACT
ARE AMENDED TO READ:
SECTION 1554. HOLOCAUST, GENOCIDE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
VIOLATIONS AND CULTURAL AWARENESS INSTRUCTION.--(A) (1)
BEGINNING WITH SCHOOL YEAR 2015-2016, EACH SCHOOL ENTITY MAY
OFFER INSTRUCTION IN THE HOLOCAUST, GENOCIDE AND HUMAN RIGHTS
VIOLATIONS TO STUDENTS. BEGINNING WITH SCHOOL YEAR 2020-2021,
EACH SCHOOL ENTITY MAY OFFER INSTRUCTION IN CULTURAL AWARENESS.
THE INSTRUCTION SHALL BE INTEGRATED WITHIN THE SOCIAL STUDIES
AND LANGUAGE ARTS COURSES OF STUDY REQUIRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION REGULATIONS. INSTRUCTION MAY ALSO BE
INTEGRATED INTO OTHER APPROPRIATE COURSES OF STUDY.
(2) THE [HOLOCAUST, GENOCIDE AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS]
INSTRUCTION PERMITTED PURSUANT TO PARAGRAPH (1) SHALL:
(I) BE AGE APPROPRIATE.
(II) BE SEQUENTIAL IN METHOD OF STUDY.
(III) COMMUNICATE THE CONNECTION BETWEEN NATIONAL, ETHNIC,
RACIAL [OR], RELIGIOUS OR CULTURAL INTOLERANCE AND THE SUBJECTS
DESCRIBED IN SUBSECTION (B).
(IV) COMMUNICATE THE IMPACT OF PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY,
CIVIC ENGAGEMENT AND SOCIETAL RESPONSE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE
SUBJECTS DESCRIBED IN SUBSECTION (B).
(3) SCHOOL ENTITIES MAY UTILIZE ANY APPROPRIATE PUBLIC OR
PRIVATE MATERIALS, PERSONNEL AND OTHER RESOURCES IN DEVELOPING
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AND IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION PERMITTED PURSUANT
TO PARAGRAPH (1). THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SHALL DISTRIBUTE
INFORMATION ABOUT APPROPRIATE CURRICULUM MATERIALS TO EACH
SCHOOL ENTITY. SCHOOL ENTITIES MAY UTILIZE ANY CURRICULUM THAT
COMPLIES WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS SUBSECTION.
(B) (1) THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SHALL ESTABLISH
CURRICULUM GUIDELINES [NO LATER THAN TWELVE (12) MONTHS AFTER
THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS SECTION] TO FOSTER IMPLEMENTATION OF
THIS SECTION BY SCHOOL ENTITIES. THE GUIDELINES SHALL ENCOURAGE
THE INCLUSION OF ALL OF THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS WHERE APPROPRIATE
IN THE INSTRUCTION:
(I) THE BREADTH OF THE HISTORY OF THE HOLOCAUST, INCLUDING
THE THIRD REICH DICTATORSHIP, CONCENTRATION CAMP SYSTEM,
PERSECUTION OF JEWS AND NON-JEWS, JEWISH AND NON-JEWISH
RESISTANCE AND POST-WORLD WAR II TRIALS.
(II) THE DEFINITION, HISTORY, RESPONSE AND ACTIONS TAKEN IN
THE FACE OF GENOCIDE, INCLUDING THE HOLOCAUST AND ANY OTHER
GENOCIDE PERPETRATED AGAINST HUMANITY, INCLUDING THE RWANDAN
GENOCIDE AND OTHER GENOCIDES COMMITTED IN AFRICA, ASIA AND
EUROPE.
(III) HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS.
(IV) ANTI-SEMITISM, RACISM AND THE ABRIDGMENT OF CIVIL
RIGHTS.
(V) CULTURAL AWARENESS AND REJECTION OF ETHNIC, CULTURAL AND
RELIGIOUS BIASES.
(VI) RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES THAT RESULT FROM ETHNIC AND
CULTURAL DISPUTES AND RELIGIOUS BIASES.
(2) THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SHALL WORK IN CONSULTATION
WITH ORGANIZATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS THAT PROVIDE EDUCATIONAL
EXPERTISE AND RESOURCES RELATED TO THE HOLOCAUST, GENOCIDE AND
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HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS TO DEVELOP THE CURRICULUM GUIDELINES.
THE GUIDELINES SHALL STATE THE MINIMUM AMOUNT OF INSTRUCTION
NECESSARY TO ADEQUATELY EDUCATE STUDENTS ON THE HOLOCAUST,
GENOCIDE AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS AND ON CULTURAL AWARENESS.
(C) [BEGINNING WITH THE 2015-2016 SCHOOL YEAR, THE] THE
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SHALL MAKE AVAILABLE, TO ALL SCHOOL
ENTITIES, IN-SERVICE TRAINING PROGRAMS BASED UPON THE
INSTRUCTION PROVIDED FOR UNDER SUBSECTION (A) AND THE CURRICULUM
GUIDELINES ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO SUBSECTION (B).
* * *
Section 2 3. This act shall take effect in 60 days.
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