PRIOR PRINTER'S NO. 1085

PRINTER'S NO. 1672

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PENNSYLVANIA

SENATE BILL

No.

910

Session of

2015

INTRODUCED BY SMUCKER, DINNIMAN, BROWNE, FOLMER, COSTA, TEPLITZ,

HAYWOOD, TARTAGLIONE, ALLOWAY, FARNESE, FONTANA, VOGEL,

GORDNER, YAW, VULAKOVICH, WOZNIAK, SCHWANK, AUMENT, RAFFERTY,

HUGHES, WILLIAMS, YUDICHAK, BREWSTER, BLAKE, MENSCH, SABATINA

AND WAGNER, JUNE 22, 2015

SENATOR BROWNE, APPROPRIATIONS, RE-REPORTED AS AMENDED,

APRIL 5, 2016

AN ACT

Amending the act of March 10, 1949 (P.L.30, No.14), entitled "An

act relating to the public school system, including certain

provisions applicable as well to private and parochial

schools; amending, revising, consolidating and changing the

laws relating thereto," in reimbursements by Commonwealth and

between school districts, providing for student-weighted

basic education funding.

The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

hereby enacts as follows:

Section 1. The act of March 10, 1949 (P.L.30, No.14), known

as the Public School Code of 1949, is amended by adding a

section to read:

Section 2502.53. Student-Weighted Basic Education Funding.--

(a) For each school year, the Commonwealth shall pay to each

school district a basic education funding allocation which shall

consist of the following:

(1) An amount equal to the school district's basic education

funding allocation for the base school year.

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(2) A student-based allocation to be calculated as follows:

(i) Multiply the sum of the school district's weighted basic

education student head count and the school district's

sparsity/size adjustment by the school district's median

household income index and local effort capacity index.

(ii) Multiply the product in subparagraph (i) by the

difference between the amount appropriated for the allocation of

basic education funding and the sum of the amounts allocated in

paragraph (1) for all school districts.

(iii) Divide the product in subparagraph (ii) by the sum of

the products in subparagraph (i) for all school districts.

(b) For the purposes of this section:

(1) The weighted basic education student headcount shall be

calculated for each school district as follows:

(i) Multiply the school district's average daily membership

by one (1).

(ii) Multiply the school district's number of students

living in acute poverty by six-tenths (0.6).

(iii) Multiply the school district's number of students

living in poverty by three-tenths (0.3).

(iv) Multiply the school district's number of students

living in concentrated poverty by three-tenths (0.3).

(v) Multiply the school district's number of limited English

proficient students by six-tenths (0.6).

(vi) Multiply the charter and cyber charter school average

daily membership applicable to the school district by two-tenths

(0.2).

(vii) Add the products in subparagraphs (i), (ii), (iii),

(iv), (v) and (vi).

(2) The sparsity ratio shall be calculated for each school

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district as follows:

(i) Divide the school district's average daily membership

per square mile by the State's average daily membership per

square mile.

(ii) Multiply the quotient in subparagraph (i) by five-

tenths (0.5).

(iii) Subtract the product in subparagraph (ii) from one

(1).

(3) The size ratio for each school district shall be

calculated as follows:

(i) Divide the school district's average daily membership by

the average of the average daily membership of all school

districts.

(ii) Multiply the quotient in subparagraph (i) by five-

tenths (0.5).

(iii) Subtract the product in subparagraph (ii) from one

(1).

(4) The sparsity/size ratio for each school district shall

be calculated by adding forty percent (40%) of the school

district's sparsity ratio and sixty percent (60%) of the school

district's size ratio.

(5) The sparsity/size adjustment for each school district

shall be calculated as follows:

(i) For a school district with a sparsity/size ratio less

than or equal to the sparsity/size ratio that represents the

seventieth percentile of the sparsity/size ratio for all school

districts, the school district's sparsity/size adjustment shall

be zero.

(ii) For a school district with a sparsity/size ratio

greater than the sparsity/size ratio that represents the

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seventieth percentile of the sparsity/size ratio for all school

districts, the school district's sparsity/size adjustment shall

be calculated as follows:

(A) Divide the school district's sparsity/size ratio by the

sparsity/size ratio that represents the seventieth percentile of

the sparsity/size ratio for all school districts.

(B) Subtract one (1) from the quotient in clause (A).

(C) Multiply the remainder in clause (B) by seven-tenths

(0.7).

(D) Multiply the product in clause (C) by the school

district's weighted basic education student headcount.

(6) The number of students living in acute poverty for each

school district shall be calculated by multiplying the school

district's percentage of students who are six (6) to seventeen

(17) years of age according to the United States Census Bureau's

Ratio of Income to Poverty less than or equal to ninety-nine

percent (99%) of the Federal poverty guidelines by the school

district's average daily membership.

(7) The number of students living in poverty for each school

district shall be calculated by multiplying the school

district's percentage of students who are six (6) to seventeen

(17) years of age according to the United States Census Bureau's

Ratio of Income to Poverty greater than ninety-nine percent

(99%) and less than one hundred and eighty-five percent (185%)

of the Federal poverty guidelines by the school district's

average daily membership.

(8) The number of students living in concentrated poverty

for each school district shall be calculated as follows:

(i) For a school district in which the percentage of

students living in acute poverty is less than thirty percent

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(30%), the school district's number of students living in

concentrated poverty shall be zero.

(ii) For a school district in which the percentage of

students living in acute poverty is equal to or greater than

thirty percent (30%), multiply the school district's percentage

of students living in acute poverty by the school district's

average daily membership.

(9) The median household income index for each school

district shall be calculated as follows:

(i) Divide the school district's median household income by

the median household income for Pennsylvania as determined by

the United States Census Bureau.

(ii) Divide one (1) by the quotient in subparagraph (i).

(10) The local effort for each school district shall be

calculated by adding the school district's State property tax

reduction allocation, taxes levied and assessed by the local

education agency, delinquencies on taxes levied and assessed by

the local education agency, revenue from local government units,

and other local revenues not specified elsewhere, as designated

in the Department of Education's Manual of Accounting and

Financial Reporting for Pennsylvania Public Schools.

(11) The local effort per household for each school district

shall be calculated as follows:

(i) Divide the school district's local effort by the school

district's number of households as determined by the United

States Census Bureau.

(ii) Divide the quotient in subparagraph (i) by the school

district's median household income as determined by the United

States Census Bureau.

(iii) Multiply the quotient in subparagraph (ii) by one-

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thousand (1,000).

(12) The local effort factor for each school district shall

be calculated by dividing the school district's local effort per

household by the State median local effort per household for all

school districts.

(13) The current expenditure per weighted student for each

school district shall be calculated by dividing the school

district's current expenditures by the sum of the school

district's average daily membership, sparsity size adjustment

and the amounts determined for the school district under

subsection (b)(1)(ii), (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi).

(14) The excess expenditure factor for each school district

shall be calculated as follows:

(i) Divide the school district's current expenditure per

weighted student by the State median current expenditure per

weighted student for all school districts.

(ii) Divide one (1) by the quotient in subparagraph (i).

(15) The local effort index for each school district shall

be calculated as follows:

(i) For a school district with an excess expenditure factor

equal to or greater than one (1), multiply the school district's

local effort factor by one (1).

(ii) For a school district with an excess expenditure factor

less than one (1), multiply the school district's local effort

factor by the school district's excess expenditure factor.

(16) The local effort rate for each school district shall be

calculated by dividing the school district's local effort by the

sum of the school district's market value and adjusted personal

income.

(17) The local capacity per weighted student for each school

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district shall be calculated as follows:

(i) Multiply the sum of the school district's market value

and adjusted personal income by the State median local effort

rate for all school districts.

(ii) Divide the product in subparagraph (i) by the sum of

the school district's average daily membership, sparsity size

adjustment and the amounts determined for the school district

under subsection (b)(1)(ii), (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi).

(18) The local capacity index for each school district shall

be calculated as follows:

(i) For a school district with a local capacity per weighted

student equal to or greater than the State median local capacity

per weighted student, the local capacity index for the school

district shall be zero.

(ii) For a school district with a local capacity per

weighted student less than the State median local capacity per

weighted student, the local capacity index shall be calculated

as follows:

(A) Divide the school district's local capacity per weighted

student by the State median local capacity per weighted student

for all school districts.

(B) Subtract the quotient in clause (A) from one (1).

(19) The local effort capacity index for each school

district shall be calculated by adding the school district's

local effort index to the school district's local capacity

index.

(c) The data used to calculate the factors in this section

shall be based on the most recent year for which data is

available as determined by the Department of Education. The

average daily membership shall be the average of the three (3)

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most recent years' average daily membership. The average daily

membership used in subsection (b)(6), (7), (8), (13) and (17)

shall be based on the most recent year's average daily

membership. Information utilized from the United States Census

Bureau shall be from the most recent American Community Survey

5-Year Estimate of the United States Census Bureau. (A) THE

GENERAL ASSEMBLY FINDS AND DECLARES THAT THE STUDENT-WEIGHTED

BASIC EDUCATION FUNDING FORMULA IS THE RESULT OF THE WORK OF THE

BASIC EDUCATION FUNDING COMMISSION ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 123.

(B) FOR THE 2014-2015 SCHOOL YEAR AND EACH SCHOOL YEAR

THEREAFTER, THE COMMONWEALTH SHALL PAY TO EACH SCHOOL DISTRICT A

BASIC EDUCATION FUNDING ALLOCATION WHICH SHALL CONSIST OF THE

FOLLOWING:

(1) AN AMOUNT EQUAL TO THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S BASIC EDUCATION

FUNDING ALLOCATION FOR THE 2013-2014 SCHOOL YEAR .

(2) A STUDENT-BASED ALLOCATION TO BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(I) MULTIPLY THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S STUDENT-WEIGHTED AVERAGE

DAILY MEMBERSHIP BY THE MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME INDEX AND LOCAL

EFFORT CAPACITY INDEX.

(II) MULTIPLY THE PRODUCT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (I) BY THE

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE AMOUNT APPROPRIATED FOR THE ALLOCATION OF

BASIC EDUCATION FUNDING TO SCHOOL DISTRICTS AND THE AMOUNT

APPROPRIATED FOR THE ALLOCATION IN PARAGRAPH (1).

(III) DIVIDE THE PRODUCT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (II) BY THE SUM OF

THE PRODUCTS IN SUBPARAGRAPH (I) FOR ALL SCHOOL DISTRICTS.

(C) FOR THE PURPOSE OF THIS SECTION:

(1) STUDENT-WEIGHTED AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP FOR A SCHOOL

DISTRICT SHALL BE THE SUM OF THE FOLLOWING:

(I) THE AVERAGE OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S THREE MOST RECENT

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YEARS' AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP.

(II) THE ACUTE POVERTY AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP CALCULATED

AS FOLLOWS:

(A) MULTIPLY THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S ACUTE POVERTY PERCENTAGE

BY ITS AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP.

(B) MULTIPLY THE PRODUCT IN CLAUSE (A) BY SIX-TENTHS (0.6).

(III) THE POVERTY AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP CALCULATED AS

FOLLOWS:

(A) MULTIPLY THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S POVERTY PERCENTAGE BY ITS

AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP.

(B) MULTIPLY THE PRODUCT IN CLAUSE (A) BY THREE-TENTHS

(0.3).

(IV) THE CONCENTRATED POVERTY AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP FOR

QUALIFYING SCHOOL DISTRICTS WITH AN ACUTE POVERTY PERCENTAGE

EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN THIRTY PERCENT (30%), TO BE CALCULATED

AS FOLLOWS:

(A) MULTIPLY THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S ACUTE POVERTY PERCENTAGE

BY ITS AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP.

(B) MULTIPLY THE PRODUCT IN CLAUSE (A) BY THREE-TENTHS

(0.3).

(V) THE NUMBER OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LIMITED ENGLISH-

PROFICIENT STUDENTS MULTIPLIED BY SIX-TENTHS (0.6).

(VI) THE AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP FOR THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S

STUDENTS ENROLLED IN CHARTER SCHOOLS AND CYBER CHARTER SCHOOLS

MULTIPLIED BY TWO-TENTHS (0.2).

(VII) THE SPARSITY/SIZE ADJUSTMENT FOR QUALIFYING SCHOOL

DISTRICTS WITH A SPARSITY/SIZE RATIO GREATER THAN THE

SPARSITY/SIZE RATIO THAT REPRESENTS THE SEVENTIETH PERCENTILE

SPARSITY/SIZE RATIO FOR ALL SCHOOL DISTRICTS CALCULATED AS

FOLLOWS:

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(A) DIVIDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S SPARSITY/SIZE RATIO BY THE

SPARSITY/SIZE RATIO THAT REPRESENTS THE SEVENTIETH PERCENTILE

FOR ALL SCHOOL DISTRICTS.

(B) SUBTRACT ONE (1) FROM THE QUOTIENT IN CLAUSE (A).

(C) MULTIPLY THE SUM OF SUBPARAGRAPHS (I), (II), (III),

(IV), (V) AND (VI) BY THE AMOUNT IN CLAUSE (B).

(D) MULTIPLY THE PRODUCT IN CLAUSE (C) BY SEVEN-TENTHS

(0.7).

(2) LOCAL EFFORT INDEX FOR A SCHOOL DISTRICT SHALL BE

CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(I) DETERMINE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL EFFORT FACTOR

CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(A) MULTIPLY THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME

BY ITS NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS.

(B) DIVIDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL TAX-RELATED REVENUE

BY THE PRODUCT IN CLAUSE (A).

(C) MULTIPLY THE QUOTIENT IN CLAUSE (B) BY ONE THOUSAND

(1,000).

(D) DIVIDE THE PRODUCT IN CLAUSE (C) BY THE STATEWIDE MEDIAN

OF CLAUSE (C).

(II) DETERMINE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S EXCESS SPENDING FACTOR,

TO BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(A) DIVIDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S CURRENT EXPENDITURES BY THE

SUM OF ITS AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP AND THE AMOUNTS IN PARAGRAPH

(1)(II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI) AND (VII).

(B) DIVIDE THE QUOTIENT IN CLAUSE (A) BY THE STATEWIDE

MEDIAN OF CLAUSE (A).

(C) DIVIDE ONE (1) BY THE QUOTIENT IN CLAUSE (B).

(III) MULTIPLY THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL EFFORT FACTOR BY

THE LESSER OF ONE (1) OR THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S EXCESS SPENDING

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FACTOR.

(3) LOCAL CAPACITY INDEX FOR A QUALIFYING SCHOOL DISTRICT

SHALL BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(I) DIVIDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL TAX-RELATED REVENUE

BY THE SUM OF ITS MARKET VALUE AND PERSONAL INCOME VALUATION.

(II) MULTIPLY THE SUM OF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S MARKET VALUE

AND PERSONAL INCOME VALUATION BY THE STATEWIDE MEDIAN OF

SUBPARAGRAPH (I).

(III) DETERMINE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL CAPACITY PER

STUDENT BY DIVIDING THE PRODUCT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (II) BY THE SUM

OF ITS AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP AND THE AMOUNTS IN PARAGRAPH (1)

(II), (III), (IV), (V), (VI) AND (VII).

(IV) IF THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL CAPACITY PER STUDENT IS

LESS THAN THE STATEWIDE MEDIAN OF SUBPARAGRAPH (III):

(A) DIVIDE THE SCHOOL DISTRICT'S LOCAL CAPACITY PER STUDENT

BY THE STATEWIDE MEDIAN.

(B) SUBTRACT THE QUOTIENT IN CLAUSE (A) FROM ONE (1).

(4) LOCAL EFFORT CAPACITY INDEX FOR A SCHOOL DISTRICT SHALL

EQUAL THE SUM OF ITS LOCAL EFFORT INDEX AND LOCAL CAPACITY

INDEX.

(5) THE DATA USED TO CALCULATE THE FACTORS AND INDEXES IN

THIS SECTION SHALL BE BASED ON THE MOST RECENT YEARS FOR WHICH

DATA IS AVAILABLE AS DETERMINED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.

(D) FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION:

(1) "HOUSEHOLDS" SHALL MEAN THE NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS IN EACH

SCHOOL DISTRICT AS DETERMINED BY THE MOST RECENT FIVE-YEAR

ESTIMATE OF THE UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU'S AMERICAN COMMUNITY

SURVEY.

(2) "LOCAL TAX-RELATED REVENUE" SHALL MEAN THE SUM OF SCHOOL

DISTRICT REVENUES FOR STATE PROPERTY TAX REDUCTION ALLOCATION,

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TAXES LEVIED AND ASSESSED, DELINQUENCIES ON TAXES LEVIED AND

ASSESSED, REVENUE FROM LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS, AND OTHER LOCAL

REVENUES NOT SPECIFIED ELSEWHERE, AS DESIGNATED IN THE MANUAL OF

ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL REPORTING FOR PENNSYLVANIA PUBLIC

SCHOOLS.

(3) "MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME" SHALL MEAN THE MEDIAN

HOUSEHOLD INCOME FOR SCHOOL DISTRICTS AND THE STATE AS

DETERMINED BY THE MOST RECENT FIVE-YEAR ESTIMATE OF THE UNITED

STATES CENSUS BUREAU'S AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY.

(4) "MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME INDEX" SHALL MEAN A NUMBER

CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(I) DIVIDE A SCHOOL DISTRICT'S MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME BY

THE STATE MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME.

(II) DIVIDE ONE (1) BY THE QUOTIENT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (I).

(5) "SIZE RATIO" SHALL MEAN A NUMBER CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:

(I) DIVIDE THE AVERAGE OF A SCHOOL DISTRICT'S THREE MOST

RECENT YEARS' AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP BY THE STATEWIDE AVERAGE

OF THE THREE MOST RECENT YEARS' AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP FOR ALL

SCHOOL DISTRICTS.

(II) MULTIPLY THE AMOUNT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (I) BY FIVE-TENTHS

(0.5).

(III) SUBTRACT THE AMOUNT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (II) FROM ONE (1).

(6) "SPARSITY RATIO" SHALL MEAN A NUMBER CALCULATED AS

FOLLOWS:

(I) DIVIDE THE AVERAGE OF A SCHOOL DISTRICT'S THREE MOST

RECENT YEARS' AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP BY ITS TOTAL SQUARE MILES

AS REPORTED IN THE LATEST DECENNIAL CENSUS AS REPORTED BY THE

UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU.

(II) DIVIDE THE STATE TOTAL AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP BY THE

STATE TOTAL SQUARE MILES.

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(III) DIVIDE THE QUOTIENT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (I) BY THE

QUOTIENT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (II).

(IV) MULTIPLY THE QUOTIENT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (III) BY FIVE-

TENTHS (0.5).

(V) SUBTRACT THE PRODUCT IN SUBPARAGRAPH (IV) FROM ONE (1).

(7) "SPARSITY/SIZE RATIO" SHALL MEAN A NUMBER CALCULATED BY

ADDING THE FOLLOWING AMOUNTS:

(I) THE SPARSITY RATIO MULTIPLIED BY FOUR-TENTHS (0.4).

(II) THE SIZE RATIO MULTIPLIED BY SIX-TENTHS (0.6).

(8) "ACUTE POVERTY PERCENTAGE" SHALL MEAN THE NUMBER OF

CHILDREN SIX (6) TO SEVENTEEN (17) YEARS OF AGE LIVING IN A

HOUSEHOLD WHERE THE RATIO OF INCOME TO POVERTY IS LESS THAN ONE

HUNDRED PERCENT (100%) OF THE FEDERAL POVERTY GUIDELINES DIVIDED

BY THE TOTAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN SIX (6) TO SEVENTEEN (17) YEARS

OF AGE AS DETERMINED BY THE MOST RECENT FIVE-YEAR ESTIMATE OF

THE UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU'S AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY.

(9) "POVERTY PERCENTAGE" SHALL MEAN THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN

SIX (6) TO SEVENTEEN (17) YEARS OF AGE LIVING IN A HOUSEHOLD

WHERE THE RATIO OF INCOME TO POVERTY IS BETWEEN ONE HUNDRED

PERCENT (100%) AND ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY-FOUR PERCENT (184%) OF THE

FEDERAL POVERTY GUIDELINES DIVIDED BY THE TOTAL NUMBER OF

CHILDREN SIX (6) TO SEVENTEEN (17) YEARS OF AGE AS DETERMINED BY

THE MOST RECENT FIVE-YEAR ESTIMATE OF THE UNITED STATES CENSUS

BUREAU'S AMERICAN COMMUNITY SURVEY.

Section 2. This act shall take effect in 60 days

IMMEDIATELY.

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