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Pennsylvania House of Representatives
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House of Representatives
Session of 2023 - 2024 Regular Session


Posted: January 4, 2023 03:06 PM
From: Representative Rich Irvin
To: All House members
Subject: Mileage-Based User Fee Program
In the near future, I will be introducing legislation that will create a 5-year pilot program to levy a MBUF (mileage-based user fee) on electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles.
As you know, Pennsylvania funds a substantial portion of its road maintenance with a fuel tax. However, with over 30,000 motorists driving plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles, we need to ensure that everyone is contributing to the care and maintenance of Pennsylvania roads.
The pilot program, implemented by PennDOT, will assess either a mileage-based fee (MBUF) or annual fee as follows:
Plug-in hybrid vehicles                   $0.025/mile        OR          $214 annual fee
Electric vehicles                                $0.031/mile        OR          $265 annual fee 
Note that if a vehicle owner chooses the mileage-based fee, they will not be required to pay more than the annual fee for their vehicle type, nor will they be required to install a GPS-style device that tracks their travel.
While it’s true that we currently have the AFT (Alternative Fuels Tax), this tax is notoriously cumbersome, convoluted, and difficult to enforce. It’s time to find a better, more effective, and easier solution.  MBUFs have been classified as a more sustainable revenue source for electric vehicles. This MBUF pilot program is one that is fair, reliable, and better equips our transportation agencies to plan for road maintenance.
I hope you will join me in cosponsoring this legislation.

Introduced as HB85