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11/27/2022 11:36 AM
Pennsylvania State Senate
https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/BiosHistory/MemBio.cfm?ID=4605&body=S

James Ewing


 

Sessions

Session Office Position District Party
1795-1796 N/A Federalist
1796-1797 N/A Federalist
1797-1798 N/A Federalist
1798-1799 N/A Federalist
1799-1800 N/A Federalist
1800-1801 N/A Federalist
 Counties   Adams, York

Biography

08/03/1736 - 03/01/1806

Brigadier General James Ewing (Federalist, no district number) York County 1795-1801

Early Life:

Brigadier General James Ewing, born August 3, 1736, Donegal, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, British Colonial America; son of Thomas and Susanna Howard Ewing; attended Penn for one year before participating in the Braddock Expedition, 1755; lieutenant, Pennsylvania Militia, 1758; member, Colonial Assembly, 1771-1776; commissioned, brigadier general, Pennsylvania militia, 1776; member, Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, 1779; member, Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, 1781; vice-president (now Lieutenant-Governor) of Pennsylvania, 1782-1784; ex officio, member, Board of Trustees, University of Pennsylvania, original trustee, Dickinson College, 1783; member, State Assembly, 1784; chaired, committee seeking navigation improvement, Susquehanna River, 1789; elected, Federalist, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1795-1801; married, Patience Wright; died, March 1, 1806, plantation, Hellam, York, Pennsylvania. Burial Details Unknown.

Early Career:

Member, General Edward Braddock Expedition, 1755; lieutenant, Pennsylvania Militia, commanded, Captain Robert McPherson, under General John Forbes, expedition, Fort Duquesne, 1758; commissioned, brigadier general, Pennsylvania militia, Fourth of July 1776; battles, Brandywine, Germantown, Trenton New Jersey, commanded, brigade of five regiments that guarded, Pennsylvania side, Delaware River when George Washington's forces crossed the stream on Christmas night December 25-26, 1776, in a surprise attack on the Hessian forces, Trenton, New Jersey.

Pennsylvania Politics:

Member, Colonial Assembly, 1771-1776.

Member, Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, representing York County, February 9-12, 1779.

Member, Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, representing York County, October 26, 1781 -October 26, 1784.

Elected, Vice-president, of Pennsylvania 1782-1784; John Dickinson, president (now, Governor). On November 7, 1782, Ewing was elected Vice-President of Pennsylvania, earning thirty-nine votes to the thirty-four won by the incumbent, James Potter. (The position of Vice-President is analogous to the modern office of Lieutenant Governor.) He was unanimously reelected on November 6, 1783, and served until November 6, 1784, when he was succeeded by James Irvine. At one day short of two years, his vice-presidential term was one of the longest in the history of that short-lived office. On account of his health, decline another election.

Member, State Assembly, 1784.

Chaired, committee seeking navigation improvement, Susquehanna River, 1789.

Elected, Federalist, Pennsylvania State Senate, York County, 1795-1801.

Cited:

History of York County, Pennsylvania. John Gibson, Historical Editor. Chicago: F. A. Battey Publishing Company, 1886, page 596. http://files.usgwarchives.net/pa/york/history/gibson/wright-james-ewing.txt

https://archives.upenn.edu/exhibits/penn-people/biography/james-ewing/

https://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/03-07-02-0242

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/74994708/james-ewing?_gl=1*1e0h4to*_ga*MTY5NTIwMTg3LjE2NjYzNjk5Mzk.*_ga_4QT8FMEX30*MTY2OTA0MTMyNC4xOC4xLjE2NjkwNjUxMTQuNTAuMC4w