Samuel Jackson Randall
A celebrated Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Samuel Randall was born October 10, 1828, Philadelphia, the son of Josiah and Ann (Worrell) Randall, his mother the daughter of state Senator Joseph Worrell. Educated at common schools and the University Academy of Philadelphia; accountant’s apprentice, iron merchant, and Whig member of the city Common Council, 1852-1855; elected as Democrat to state Senate 1858-1859; served in the First City Troop of Philadelphia, 1861; promoted from private to 3rd Sgt., three months service. Participated in an expedition from Carlisle to Falling Waters, Va. (WV), where his company engaged in a skirmish; took Martinsburg (WV), July 3, 1861; reconnaissance at Bunker Hill; occupation of Charles Town; guarded the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, and assigned to ranger duty on the upper Potomac. He received a promotion to captain, 1863, Maryland Campaign, driven from South Mountain and Gettysburg by advance forces of the Confederate Army, June 26, 1863; promoted provost marshal of Columbia, Pennsylvania. Randall served in the U.S. House of Representatives from March 4, 1863 until his death on April 13, 1890, Washington, D.C. (14 consecutive congresses). During his stint as Speaker of the House, Randall is credited with codifying House rules and strengthening the role of the Speaker, and is consider one of the most accomplished Speakers in U.S. legislative history.