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08/09/2022 04:39 PM
Pennsylvania State Senate
https://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/BiosHistory/MemBio.cfm?ID=2504&body=S

Henry Lloyd White


 

Sessions

Session Office Position District Party
1862 21 Republican
1863 21 Republican
1865 22 Republican
1866 22 Republican
1867 22 Republican
1868 22 Republican
1869 22 Republican
1870 22 Republican
1871 22 Republican
1872 24 Republican
1873 24 Republican
1874 Speaker 24 Republican
 Counties   Armstrong, Cambria, Indiana, Jefferson, Westmoreland

Biography

01/12/1834 - 06/23/1920

Brevet Brigadier General Henry Lloyd “Harry” White (R21) 1862-1863, (R22) 1865-1871, Cambria Indiana and Jefferson Counties (R24) 1872-1874, Indiana and Westmoreland Counties.  

Early Life: 

Henry Lloyd “Harry” White born January 12, 1834, Indiana, Indiana County, Pennsylvania; son of Judge Thomas and Catherine Brooks McConnell White; educated public schools; Indiana Academy, 1849; College of New Jersey (now Princeton), 1854; attorney; admitted, bar, 1855; married, Anna Lena Sutton, 1860; captain, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel, Brevet Brigadier General, Civil War, 1861-1865; elected, Republican, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1862-1863, prisoner of war, Civil War, 1863-1864; elected, Republican, Pennsylvania State Senate, 1865- 1874; elected, Speaker of the Senate, 1874; unsuccessful campaign, Governor, 1872; co-framed, Pennsylvania Constitution, 1874; Chaired, Republican State Convention, 1875; Pennsylvania National Guard, 1877; elected, Republican, 45th and 46th United States Congresses, 1877-1881; Indiana County Judge, Indiana County, President Judge, 1884-1904; engaged, banking, president, Indiana County Deposit Bank; died, June 23, 1920, age 86 years, 163 days, Indiana, Indiana County, Pennsylvania; interment Oakland Cemetery and Mausoleum, Indiana, Indiana County, Pennsylvania.

Early Career:

Indiana County’s first Republican county committee chair, 1856; organized the Lincoln “rail-splitters club,” 1860.

Unsuccessful campaign, United States Congress, 1860.

Enlisted, 1861, Union Army, Captain, Sixty-seventh Pennsylvania Infantry, serving until February, 1865, attaining the rank of Brevet Brigadier General. While in the Army, elected, Pennsylvania Senate and attended sessions in the winter of 1862-1863.

President Abraham Lincoln granted Senator Henry White a leave of absence to attend legislative sessions in Harrisburg. Refused his senator’s salary, having it forwarded to the Indiana district soldier’s relief fund. Recalled to Berryville at the close of the legislative session in mid-April 1863, captured by Robert E. Lee’s Louisiana Tigers at Winchester, Virginia; sent to Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia, June 1863; escaped captors five times, once on the way to notorious Andersonville South Carolina prison. Escaped, joining General William Tecumseh Sherman’s in Georgia, rejoined his regiment, Lieutenant Colonel, October 31, 1864; promoted, Colonel, January 18, 1865; mustered out and promoted to Brevet Brigadier General, March 2, 1865.

Professional titles; business ownership; board memberships; local government; club memberships:

Charter member, Free and Accepted Masons Indiana Lodge 313; Commander, General, Grand Army of the Republic, Indiana Post 28.  

Pennsylvania Politics:

Elected, Republican, Pennsylvania State Senate, 21st District 1862-1863, captured 1863, held at Libby Prison. Unable to attend, the Pennsylvania State Senate was deadlocked with 16 Democrats and 16 Republicans. Refused parole, resigned, so a successor was elected, breaking the deadlock broken. Reelected 22nd District, Cambria, Indiana and Jefferson Counties, member, Constitutional Reform, Federal Relations, Judiciary General, Military Affairs Committees, 1865-1871; 24th District, Indiana and Westmoreland Counties; Chair, Constitutional Reform Subcommittee Number 2, Judiciary General, Library, Military Affairs Committees, member, Congressional Apportionment, Education, Committees, 1872-1874; elected, Speaker of the Senate, 1874.

Delegate, Pennsylvania state constitutional convention, 1872.

Unsuccessful campaign, Governor, 1872.

Co-framed, Pennsylvania Constitution, 1874. 

Chaired, Republican State Convention, 1875.

Governor John F. Hartranft called on Major General, Ninth Division, Pennsylvania National Guard, to quell the Pittsburgh Railroad riots, 1877. 

Continued Government Service/National Politics:

Elected, Republican, 45th and 46th United States Congresses Armstrong, Clarion, Forest, Indiana, and Jefferson Counties, 25th district, 1877-1881; defeated, 1880; declined nomination for Congress, 1884; member, Burnside Military Commission, restructuring the United States Army Manual.

Member, Republican State Central Committee, 1888.

Indiana County Judge, Indiana County President Judge, 1884-1904. 

Federal Biography:

https://bioguide.congress.gov/search/bio/W000373

Legacy:

Returned, Salisbury, North Carolina for the first time since 1864, to dedicate a monument to Pennsylvanians who died while at the notorious Confederate prisoner of war camp, 1910. 

At the time of his death, he was the last surviving Union officer brevetted by Abraham Lincoln.

Donated, 250-acres now known as Whites' Woods Nature Center, Indiana County, Pennsylvania. Publicly owned by White Township.

Cited: 

Smull’s Legislative Hand Book, (1871) Smull, John A., Members of the Senate of Pennsylvania, page 428, 436-438.

Smull’s Legislative Hand Book, (1873) Smull, John A., Members of the Senate of Pennsylvania, page 516, 522-524.



After 12 session(s) serving in the Pennsylvania Senate, Henry Lloyd White went on to serve in congress