ILLUMINATING OILS, REGULATED
                 Act of Jun. 10, 1911, P.L. 869, No. 341              Cl. 12
                                  AN ACT

     To provide a standard of tests for illuminating oils, to provide
        a penalty for violating the provisions of this act, and
        repealing former acts.

        Section 1.  Be it enacted, &c., That no refined petroleum oil
     for illuminating purposes shall be manufactured, sold or offered
     for sale by any person, firm, or corporation, within the
     Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, having a fire test lower than one
     hundred and ten (110) degrees, tabliabue's open cup, according
     to the following formula: Fill the water-bath of the apparatus
     with water of a temperature under eighty degrees Fahrenheit;
     fill the oil-cup of the apparatus, to a point one-quarter of an
     inch below the top of the same, with the oil to be tested; when
     the said oil is at a temperature under eighty degrees
     Fahrenheit, suspend a round bulb thermometer, graduated in
     single degrees Fahrenheit, so that the bulb is just submerged in
     the oil to be tested, and is in the center of the surface of the
     oil; heat the water-bath with a lamp, the flame of which can be
     regulated, so that the temperature of the oil to be tested shall
     rise at the rate of not less than two nor more than three
     degrees Fahrenheit a minute, until the temperature of ninety
     degrees Fahrenheit is reached. At this point remove the lamp,
     and when the temperature of the oil to be tested, as indicated
     by the thermometer, has reached ninety-five degrees Fahrenheit,
     try for a flash with a small bead of fire passed slowly over the
     surface of the oil in the cup and within a quarter of an inch of
     said surface. If the oil does not take fire and continue to
     burn, replace the lamp under the water-bath, thereby heating the
     oil at the previously described rate until the temperature of
     ninety-five degrees Fahrenheit is reached; then again remove the
     lamp, and, when the oil has arisen to the temperature of one
     hundred and two degrees Fahrenheit, try for flash and burn in
     the same manner as at the temperature of ninety-five degrees
     Fahrenheit. Repeat these operations, trying for the burn at
     seven-degree intervals, until the oil in the cup takes fire and
     burns continuously. The temperature at which such continuous
     burning takes place shall be considered the "Fire Test," and the
     temperature at which the vapors from the oil first ignite, but
     do not burn continuously, shall be considered the "Flash Test."
        Section 2.  That any person or persons, firm, corporation or
     corporations, or officer or officers thereof, violating the
     provisions of section one of this act, shall upon conviction be
     subject to a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500), or
     imprisonment not more than six months, at the discretion of the
     court.