15c1508s

§ 1508.  Corporate records; inspection by shareholders.

(a)  Required records.--Every business corporation shall keep complete and accurate books and records of account, minutes of the proceedings of the incorporators, shareholders and directors and a share register.

(1)  (Deleted by amendment).

(2)  (Deleted by amendment).

(3)  (Deleted by amendment).

(4)  (Deleted by amendment).

(b)  Right of inspection by a shareholder.--On demand, in compliance with the requirements in subsection (b.1), a shareholder has the right to examine, in person or by agent or attorney, during the usual hours for business for any proper purpose, the share register, books and records of account, and minutes of, and consents in lieu of meetings by, the incorporators, shareholders and directors and to make copies or extracts therefrom.

(b.1)  Contents and delivery of demand.--All of the following apply to a demand under subsection (b):

(1)  A proper purpose shall mean a purpose reasonably related to the interest of the person as a shareholder.

(2)  In every instance where an attorney or other agent is the person who seeks the right of inspection, the demand shall be accompanied by a verified power of attorney or other document in record form that authorizes the attorney or other agent to so act on behalf of the shareholder.

(3)  The demand must be:

(i)  made in good faith;

(ii)  in record form; and

(iii)  verified.

(4)  The demand must describe with reasonable particularity:

(i)  the purpose of the shareholder; and

(ii)  the records the shareholder desires to inspect and how the records relate to the purpose of the shareholder.

(5)  The demand must be delivered to the corporation:

(i)  at its registered office in this Commonwealth;

(ii)  at its principal place of business wherever situated;

(iii)  in care of the person in charge of an actual business office of the corporation; or

(iv)  in care of the secretary of the corporation at the most recent address of the secretary shown in the records of the department.

(c)  Proceedings for the enforcement of inspection by a shareholder.--If the corporation, or an officer or agent thereof, refuses to permit an inspection sought by a shareholder or attorney or other agent acting for the shareholder pursuant to subsection (b) or does not reply to the demand within five business days after the demand has been received, the shareholder may file an action in the court for an order to compel the inspection. The court is hereby vested with exclusive jurisdiction to determine whether or not the person seeking inspection is entitled to the inspection sought. The court may summarily order the corporation to permit the shareholder to inspect the share register and the other books and records of the corporation and to make copies or extracts therefrom, or the court may order the corporation to furnish to the shareholder a list of its shareholders as of a specific date on condition that the shareholder first pay to the corporation the reasonable cost of obtaining and furnishing the list and on such other conditions as the court deems appropriate.

(c.1)  Burden of proof.--Where a shareholder has complied with the provisions of this section respecting the form and manner of making demand for inspection and the shareholder seeks to inspect:

(1)  the share register or list of shareholders of the corporation, the burden of proof shall be upon the corporation to establish that the inspection he seeks is for an improper purpose; or

(2)  the books and records of the corporation, other than the share register or list of shareholders, the burden of proof shall be upon the shareholder to establish that the inspection the shareholder seeks is for a proper purpose.

(c.2)  Available relief.--The court may, in its discretion, prescribe any limitations or conditions with reference to the inspection or award such other or further relief as the court deems just and proper. The court may order books, documents and records, pertinent extracts therefrom, or duly authenticated copies thereof, to be brought into this Commonwealth and kept in this Commonwealth upon such terms and conditions as the order may prescribe.

(c.3)  Right to bylaws.--Every shareholder shall have the right to receive, promptly after demand and without charge, a copy in record form of the currently effective text of the bylaws. If the corporation does not provide a shareholder with a copy of the bylaws as required by this subsection, the shareholder may file an action in the court for an order to compel the production. The court shall summarily order the corporation to provide a copy of the bylaws unless the corporation establishes that the person seeking the bylaws is not a shareholder.

(d)  Certain provisions of articles ineffective.--This section may not be relaxed by any provision of the articles.

(e)  Reasonable restrictions permitted.--The corporation may impose reasonable restrictions and conditions on access to and use of information to be furnished under this section, including designating information confidential and imposing nondisclosure and safeguarding obligations on the recipient. In a dispute concerning the reasonableness of a restriction, condition or obligation under this subsection, the corporation has the burden of proving reasonableness.

(f)  Cross references.--See sections 107 (relating to form of records), 1512 (relating to informational rights of a director), 1763(c) (relating to certification by nominee) and 2511 (relating to financial reports to shareholders) and 42 Pa.C.S. § 2503(7) and (9) (relating to right of participants to receive counsel fees).

15c1508v

(Dec. 19, 1990, P.L.834, No.198, eff. imd.; June 22, 2001, P.L.418, No.34, eff. 60 days; Nov. 3, 2022, P.L.1791, No.122, eff. 60 days)

 

Cross References.  Section 1508 is referred to in section 1512 of this title.