§ 5108. Defenses, liability and protection of transferee or obligee.
(a) Certain transfers or obligations not voidable.--A transfer or obligation is not voidable under section 5104(a)(1) (relating to transfer or obligation voidable as to present or future creditor) against a person that took in good faith and for a reasonably equivalent value given the debtor or against any subsequent transferee or obligee.
(b) Judgment for certain voidable transfers.--To the extent a transfer is avoidable in an action by a creditor under section 5107(a)(1) (relating to remedies of creditor), the following rules apply:
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the creditor may recover judgment for the value of the asset transferred, as adjusted under subsection (c), or the amount necessary to satisfy the creditor's claim, whichever is less. The judgment may be entered against:
(i) the first transferee of the asset or the person for whose benefit the transfer was made; or
(ii) an immediate or mediate transferee of the first transferee, other than:
(A) a good faith transferee that took for value; or
(B) an immediate or mediate good faith transferee of a person described in clause (A).
(2) Recovery under section 5107(a)(1) or (b) of or from the asset transferred or its proceeds, by levy or otherwise, is available only against a person described in paragraph (1).
(c) Measure of recovery.--If the judgment under subsection (b) is based upon the value of the asset transferred, the judgment must be for an amount equal to the value of the asset at the time of the transfer, subject to adjustment as the equities may require.
(d) Rights of good faith transferee or obligee.--Notwithstanding voidability of a transfer or an obligation under this chapter, a good faith transferee or obligee is entitled, to the extent of the value given the debtor for the transfer or obligation, to:
(1) a lien on or a right to retain an interest in the asset transferred;
(2) enforcement of an obligation incurred; or
(3) a reduction in the amount of the liability on the judgment.
(e) Certain transfers not voidable.--A transfer is not voidable under section 5104(a)(2) or 5105 (relating to transfer or obligation voidable as to present creditor) if the transfer results from:
(1) termination of a lease upon default by the debtor when the termination is pursuant to the lease and applicable law; or
(2) enforcement of a security interest in compliance with 13 Pa.C.S. Div. 9 (relating to secured transactions), other than an acceptance of collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligations it secures under 13 Pa.C.S. § 9620 (relating to acceptance of collateral in full or partial satisfaction of obligation; compulsory disposition of collateral).
The references to 13 Pa.C.S. Div. 9 and 13 Pa.C.S. § 9620 in paragraph (2) shall also be deemed to refer to the corresponding provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code as in effect in any other jurisdiction.
(f) Burden of proof.--The following rules determine the burden of proving matters referred to in this section:
(1) A party that seeks to invoke subsection (a), (d) or (e) has the burden of proving the applicability of that subsection.
(2) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (3) and (4), the creditor has the burden of proving each applicable element of subsection (b) or (c).
(3) The transferee has the burden of proving the applicability to the transferee of subsection (b)(1)(ii)(A) or (B).
(4) A party that seeks adjustment under subsection (c) has the burden of proving the adjustment.
(g) Standard of proof.--The standard of proof required to establish matters referred to in this section is preponderance of the evidence.
(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001; Dec. 22, 2017, P.L.1249, No.78, eff. 60 days)
2017 Amendment. See section 7 of Act 78 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to applicability.
Cross References. Section 5108 is referred to in section 5107 of this title.