PRINTER'S NO. 2373

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PENNSYLVANIA


HOUSE RESOLUTION

No. 378 Session of 2007


        INTRODUCED BY YOUNGBLOOD, CRUZ, THOMAS, WATSON, MANN, BOBACK,
           HARPER, HENNESSEY, JAMES, KORTZ, MANDERINO, MENSCH, MYERS,
           PHILLIPS, READSHAW, HELM, MURT, CREIGHTON, GRUCELA AND
           QUIGLEY, AUGUST 1, 2007

        REFERRED TO COMMITTEE ON STATE GOVERNMENT, AUGUST 1, 2007

                                  A RESOLUTION

     1  Urging the Governor to form a commission or take other action to
     2     study the naming of Negro Mountain and Mount Davis, adopt
     3     names that accurately reflect the history of the region and
     4     update related governmental agency brochures, plaques and
     5     signs.

     6     WHEREAS, Negro Mountain is approximately 30 miles long and is
     7  located in the center of the Allegheny Plateau, spanning
     8  Maryland and Pennsylvania; and
     9     WHEREAS, For 150 years after the first colonies were
    10  established, Negro Mountain was untouched by the settlers; and
    11     WHEREAS, Treaties with the Indians in 1754 and 1758 forbade
    12  occupancy west of the Allegheny Mountains; and
    13     WHEREAS, The British and French developed political and
    14  economic interest in the western territory during the mid-1700s;
    15  and
    16     WHEREAS, In 1756 during the French and Indian War, a skirmish
    17  on Negro Mountain ensued between a band of volunteers led by the
    18  English-born pioneer Thomas Cresap and the Indians; and


     1     WHEREAS, Cresap wrote an account of the expedition for Ben
     2  Franklin's "Pennsylvania Gazette" of June 17, 1756, and said "An
     3  old Negro presented his gun at [the Indians]"; and
     4     WHEREAS, The "Maryland Gazette" reported on June 10, 1756,
     5  that a "free Negro" was killed with the English; and
     6     WHEREAS, An historical report of the account stated: "While
     7  crossing the Negro Mountain, a party of Indians fired upon them
     8  and mortally wounded one of the Negroes, the strongest man in
     9  the company. A piece of a hollow log was found and placed over
    10  the Negro to shelter him. Throwing it off, he said, 'Save
    11  yourselves and never mind me; I shall die soon'"; and
    12     WHEREAS, It is said that the Negro Mountain took its name
    13  from this circumstance; and
    14     WHEREAS, In 1882 J. Thomas Scharf stated in "History of
    15  Western Maryland" that the man's name was Nemesis and that he
    16  was Cresap's servant; and
    17     WHEREAS, The highest point of Negro Mountain, rising 3,213
    18  feet, is in Pennsylvania and is the highest point in the State;
    19  and
    20     WHEREAS, The high point was officially recognized in 1921 and
    21  named Mount Davis after John N. Davis, the settler who once
    22  owned the land; therefore be it
    23     RESOLVED, That the Governor form a commission or take other
    24  action to study the naming of Negro Mountain and Mount Davis and
    25  adopt names that accurately reflect the history of the region
    26  and the heroism displayed by the African American in the Negro
    27  Mountain conflict of 1756; and be it further
    28     RESOLVED, That all related brochures, plaques and signs
    29  accurately reflect the facts of this heroic historical event.

    G17L82BIL/20070H0378R2373        - 2 -
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