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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

TITLE 75

VEHICLES

 

PART I.  PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

 

Chapter 1.  General Provisions

 

§ 101.  Short title of title.

§ 102.  Definitions.

§ 103.  Uniformity of interpretation.

§ 104.  Continuation of existing law (Repealed).

 

PART II.  TITLE, REGISTRATION AND LICENSING

 

Chapter 11.  Certificate of Title and Security Interests

 

Subchapter A.  Certificate of Title

 

§ 1101.  Certificate of title required.

§ 1102.  Vehicles not requiring certificate of title.

§ 1103.  Application for certificate of title (Repealed).

§ 1103.1. Application for certificate of title.

§ 1104.  Examination of records upon receipt of application.

§ 1105.  Issuance of certificate of title.

§ 1106.  Content and effect of certificate of title.

§ 1107.  Delivery of certificate of title.

§ 1108.  Registration without certificate of title.

§ 1109.  Refusing issuance of certificate.

§ 1110.  Duplicate certificate of title to replace original.

§ 1111.  Transfer of ownership of vehicle.

§ 1111.1. Transfer of ownership of vehicles used for human habitation.

§ 1112.  Disclosure of odometer reading and tampering with odometer (Repealed).

§ 1113.  Transfer to or from manufacturer or dealer.

§ 1114.  Transfer of vehicle by operation of law.

§ 1115.  Correction of certificate of title.

§ 1116.  Issuance of new certificate following transfer.

§ 1117.  Vehicle destroyed, dismantled, salvaged or recycled (Repealed).

§ 1118.  Suspension and cancellation of certificate of title.

§ 1119.  Application for certificate of title by agent.

 

Subchapter B.  Security Interests

 

§ 1131.  Applicability of subchapter.

§ 1132.  Perfection of security interest (Deleted by amendment).

§ 1132.1. Perfection of a security interest in a vehicle.

§ 1133.  Creation of security interest for titled vehicle (Deleted by amendment).

§ 1134.  Assignment by lienholder of security interest.

§ 1135.  Satisfaction of security interest.

§ 1136.  Duty of lienholder to disclose pertinent information.

§ 1137.  Subchapter exclusive for perfecting security interest.

§ 1138.  Duration of perfection.

§ 1139.  Terminal rental adjustment clauses.

§ 1140.  Cancellation of certificate of title or ownership for mobile home.

 

Subchapter C.  Electronic Titling Program

 

§ 1151.  Electronic media system for vehicle titles (Expired).

§ 1151.1. Program.

§ 1152.  Development of pilot program (Expired).

§ 1153.  Administration of system.

§ 1154.  Expansion of pilot program (Expired).

§ 1155.  Certification.

 

Subchapter D.  Salvage Vehicles, Theft Vehicles, Reconstructed Vehicles and Flood Vehicles

 

§ 1161.  Certificate of salvage required.

§ 1162.  Transfer to vehicle salvage dealer.

§ 1163.  Transfer to scrap metal processor.

§ 1164.  Theft vehicles.

§ 1165.  Reconstructed vehicles.

§ 1165.1. Inspection of reconstructed, modified and specially constructed vehicles.

§ 1165.2. Specialized Vehicle Compliance Inspection Advisory Panel (Expired).

§ 1166.  Flood vehicles.

§ 1167.  Penalty.

 

Chapter 13.  Registration of Vehicles

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 1301.  Registration and certificate of title required.

§ 1302.  Vehicles exempt from registration.

§ 1303.  Vehicles of nonresidents exempt from registration.

§ 1304.  Registration criteria.

§ 1305.  Application for registration.

§ 1306.  Grounds for refusing registration.

§ 1307.  Period of registration.

§ 1307.1. Permanent fleet registration.

§ 1308.  Issuance of registration card.

§ 1309.  Renewal of registration.

§ 1310.  Temporary registration cards.

§ 1310.1. Temporary registration permits.

§ 1311.  Registration card to be signed and exhibited on demand.

§ 1312.  Notice of change of name or address.

§ 1313.  Duplicate registration cards.

§ 1314.  Transfer of registration.

§ 1315.  Operation of vehicle following death of owner.

§ 1316.  Department records.

§ 1317.  Acknowledgment of littering provisions.

§ 1318.  Duties of agents.

§ 1319.  Duties of motor carrier vehicle owners.

§ 1320.  Contributions to Veterans' Trust Fund.

 

Subchapter B.  Registration Plates

 

§ 1331.  Issuance and reissuance of registration plates.

§ 1332.  Display of registration plate.

§ 1333.  Lost, stolen, damaged or illegible registration plate.

§ 1334.  Return of registration plate.

§ 1334.1. Seizure of registration plate.

§ 1335.  Registration plates for manufacturers and dealers.

§ 1336.  Use of dealer registration plates.

§ 1336.1. Use of multipurpose dealer registration plates.

§ 1336.2. Farm equipment dealer registration plates.

§ 1337.  Use of "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business" registration plates.

§ 1337.1. Fleet owner transporter registration plate.

§ 1338.  Person with disability plate and placard.

§ 1339.  Legislative plate.

§ 1340.  Antique, classic and collectible plates.

§ 1340.1. Street rod plate.

§ 1341.  Special registration plates.

§ 1341.1. Personal organization registration plates.

§ 1342.  Veteran plates and placard.

§ 1343.  Use of school bus or school vehicle plates.

§ 1344.  Use of farm vehicle plates.

§ 1344.1. Use of farm equipment dealer registration plates.

§ 1345.  Special plates for recipients of the Medal of Honor.

§ 1346.  Special plates for recipients of Purple Heart.

§ 1347.  Hearing impaired plates.

§ 1348.  Special plates for Pearl Harbor survivors.

§ 1349.  Circus or carnival plates.

§ 1350.  Special plates for veterans of Korean War.

§ 1350.1. Special plates for recipients of Korean Defense Service Medal.

§ 1351.  Special plates for veterans of Persian Gulf War.

§ 1352.  Wild resource conservation plate.

§ 1352.1. Appalachian Trail organization registration plates.

§ 1353.  Preserve our heritage registration plate.

§ 1353.1. Pennsylvania monument registration plate.

§ 1354.  Flagship Niagara commemorative registration plate (Repealed).

§ 1354.1. United States Olympic plate.

§ 1355.  Zoological plate.

§ 1355.1. Pennsylvania Hunting Heritage registration plates.

§ 1356.  Special plates for recipients of Expeditionary Forces Medal.

§ 1357.  Special plates for World War II veterans.

§ 1357.1. Special plates for individuals in the service of the United States Merchant Marine.

§ 1358.  DARE plate (Repealed).

§ 1359.  Special plates for steelworkers.

§ 1360.  Special plates for veterans of Vietnam Conflict.

§ 1361.  Special motorcycle plates for veterans.

§ 1362.  Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans plate.

§ 1363.  Operation Enduring Freedom veterans plate.

§ 1364.  Special plates for veterans.

§ 1365.  Gold Star Family plate.

§ 1366.  Special plates for recipients of Silver Star.

§ 1366.1. Special plates for United States military airborne units.

§ 1367.  Special plates for recipients of Bronze Star.

§ 1368.  Special plates for recipients of Bronze Star for Valor.

§ 1369.  Special plates for recipients of Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, Navy Cross or Air Force Cross.

§ 1369.1. Special plates for recipients of Combat Action Badge, Combat Infantryman Badge, Combat Action Ribbon, Combat Action Medal or Combat Medical Badge.

§ 1369.2. Special "In God We Trust" plates.

§ 1370.  Report to General Assembly.

 

Subchapter C.  Violations and Suspensions

 

§ 1371.  Operation following suspension of registration.

§ 1372.  Unauthorized transfer or use of registration.

§ 1373.  Suspension of registration.

§ 1374.  Suspension or revocation of vehicle business registration plates.

§ 1375.  Suspension of registration of unapproved carriers.

§ 1376.  Surrender of registration plates and cards upon suspension or revocation.

§ 1377.  Judicial review.

§ 1378.  Suspension of motor carrier vehicle registration.

§ 1379.  Suspension of registration upon sixth unpaid parking violation in cities of the first class.

 

Chapter 15.  Licensing of Drivers

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 1501.  Drivers required to be licensed.

§ 1502.  Persons exempt from licensing.

§ 1503.  Persons ineligible for licensing; license issuance to minors; junior driver's license.

§ 1504.  Classes of licenses.

§ 1505.  Learners' permits.

§ 1506.  Application for driver's license or learner's permit.

§ 1507.  Application for driver's license or learner's permit by minor.

§ 1508.  Examination of applicant for driver's license.

§ 1508.1. Physical examinations.

§ 1509.  Qualifications for school bus driver endorsement.

§ 1510.  Issuance and content of driver's license.

§ 1511.  Carrying and exhibiting driver's license on demand.

§ 1512.  Restrictions on drivers' licenses.

§ 1513.  Duplicate and substitute drivers' licenses and learners' permits.

§ 1514.  Expiration and renewal of drivers' licenses.

§ 1515.  Notice of change of name or address.

§ 1516.  Department records.

§ 1517.  Medical Advisory Board.

§ 1518.  Reports on mental or physical disabilities or disorders.

§ 1519.  Determination of incompetency.

§ 1520.  Acknowledgment of littering provisions.

 

Subchapter B.  Comprehensive System for Driver Education and Control

 

§ 1531.  Administration of system by department.

§ 1532.  Suspension of operating privilege.

§ 1533.  Suspension of operating privilege for failure to respond to citation.

§ 1534.  Notice of acceptance of Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition.

§ 1535.  Schedule of convictions and points.

§ 1536.  Notice of assignment of points.

§ 1537.  Removal of points.

§ 1538.  School, examination or hearing on accumulation of points or excessive speeding.

§ 1539.  Suspension of operating privilege on accumulation of points.

§ 1540.  Surrender of license.

§ 1541.  Period of disqualification, revocation or suspension of operating privilege.

§ 1542.  Revocation of habitual offender's license.

§ 1543.  Driving while operating privilege is suspended or revoked.

§ 1544.  Additional period of revocation or suspension.

§ 1545.  Restoration of operating privilege.

§ 1546.  Suspension or revocation of nonresident's operating privilege.

§ 1547.  Chemical testing to determine amount of alcohol or controlled substance.

§ 1548.  Requirements for driving under influence offenders.

§ 1549.  Establishment of schools.

§ 1550.  Judicial review.

§ 1551.  Notice of department action.

§ 1552.  Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition.

§ 1553.  Occupational limited license.

§ 1554.  Probationary license.

§ 1555.  Delay of suspension, revocation or disqualification.

 

Subchapter C.  Violations

 

§ 1571.  Violations concerning licenses.

§ 1572.  Cancellation of driver's license.

§ 1573.  Displaying a foreign license during suspension or revocation.

§ 1574.  Permitting unauthorized person to drive.

§ 1575.  Permitting violation of title.

§ 1576.  Local authorities liable for negligence of their employees (Repealed).

 

Subchapter D.  Driver's License Compact

 

§ 1581.  Driver's License Compact.

§ 1582.  Definitions.

§ 1583.  Compensation of compact administrator.

§ 1584.  Furnishing of information to other states.

§ 1585.  Actions of courts and other agencies.

§ 1586.  Duties of department.

 

Chapter 16.  Commercial Drivers

 

§ 1601.  Short title of chapter.

§ 1602.  Purpose and construction of chapter.

§ 1603.  Definitions.

§ 1604.  Notification requirements for drivers.

§ 1605.  Employer responsibilities.

§ 1606.  Requirement for commercial driver's license.

§ 1607.  Commercial driver's license qualification standards.

§ 1608.  Nonresident CDL.

§ 1609.  Application for commercial driver's license.

§ 1609.1. Type of driving certification requirements.

§ 1609.2. Medical certification.

§ 1609.3. Noncompliance with certification requirements.

§ 1610.  Commercial driver's license.

§ 1611.  Disqualification.

§ 1612.  Commercial and school vehicle drivers prohibited from operating with any alcohol in system.

§ 1613.  Implied consent requirements for commercial motor vehicle drivers.

§ 1614.  Notification of traffic convictions.

§ 1615.  Authority to enter agreements.

§ 1616.  Reciprocity.

§ 1617.  Fees.

§ 1618.  Fines exempt from Judicial Computer Account.

§ 1619.  Prohibition against discharging, disciplining or discriminating against employees.

§ 1620.  Commercial driver records.

§ 1621.  Texting while driving.

§ 1622.  Handheld mobile telephone.

 

Chapter 17.  Financial Responsibility

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 1701.  Short title of chapter.

§ 1702.  Definitions.

§ 1703.  Application of chapter.

§ 1704.  Administration of chapter.

§ 1705.  Election of tort options.

 

Subchapter B.  Motor Vehicle Liability Insurance First Party Benefits

 

§ 1711.  Required benefits.

§ 1712.  Availability of benefits.

§ 1713.  Source of benefits.

§ 1714.  Ineligible claimants.

§ 1715.  Availability of adequate limits.

§ 1716.  Payment of benefits.

§ 1717.  Stacking of benefits.

§ 1718.  Exclusion from benefits.

§ 1719.  Coordination of benefits.

§ 1720.  Subrogation.

§ 1721.  Statute of limitations.

§ 1722.  Preclusion of recovering required benefits.

§ 1723.  Reporting requirements.

§ 1724.  Certain nonexcludable conditions.

§ 1725.  Rental vehicles.

 

Subchapter C.  Uninsured and Underinsured Motorist Coverage

 

§ 1731.  Availability, scope and amount of coverage.

§ 1732.  Limits of coverage (Repealed).

§ 1733.  Priority of recovery.

§ 1734.  Request for lower limits of coverage.

§ 1735.  Coverages unaffected by workers' compensation benefits (Repealed).

§ 1736.  Coverages in excess of required amounts.

§ 1737.  Workers' compensation benefits not a bar to uninsured and underinsured motorist benefits (Repealed).

§ 1738.  Stacking of uninsured and underinsured benefits and option to waive.

 

Subchapter D.  Assigned Risk Plan

 

§ 1741.  Establishment.

§ 1742.  Scope of plan.

§ 1743.  Rates.

§ 1744.  Termination of policies.

 

Subchapter E.  Assigned Claims Plan

 

§ 1751.  Organization.

§ 1752.  Eligible claimants.

§ 1753.  Benefits available.

§ 1754.  Additional coverage.

§ 1755.  Coordination of benefits.

§ 1756.  Subrogation.

§ 1757.  Statute of limitations.

 

Subchapter F.  Catastrophic Loss Trust Fund (Repealed)

 

§ 1761 - § 1769 (Repealed).

 

Subchapter G.  Nonpayment of Judgments

 

§ 1771.  Court reports on nonpayment of judgments.

§ 1772.  Suspension for nonpayment of judgments.

§ 1773.  Continuation of suspension until judgments paid and proof given.

§ 1774.  Payments sufficient to satisfy judgments.

§ 1775.  Installment payment of judgments.

 

Subchapter H.  Proof of Financial Responsibility

 

§ 1781.  Notice of sanction for not evidencing financial responsibility.

§ 1782.  Manner of providing proof of financial responsibility.

§ 1783.  Proof of financial responsibility before restoring operating privilege or registration.

§ 1784.  Proof of financial responsibility following violation.

§ 1785.  Proof of financial responsibility following accident.

§ 1786.  Required financial responsibility.

§ 1787.  Self-insurance.

 

Subchapter I.  Miscellaneous Provisions

 

§ 1791.  Notice of available benefits and limits.

§ 1791.1. Disclosure of premium charges and tort options.

§ 1791.2. Motorcycle marshals.

§ 1792.  Availability of uninsured, underinsured, bodily injury liability and property damage coverages and mandatory deductibles.

§ 1793.  Special provisions relating to premiums.

§ 1794.  Compulsory judicial arbitration jurisdiction.

§ 1795.  Insurance fraud reporting immunity.

§ 1796.  Mental or physical examination of person.

§ 1797.  Customary charges for treatment.

§ 1798.  Attorney fees and costs.

§ 1798.1. Extraordinary medical benefit rate.

§ 1798.2. Transition.

§ 1798.3. Unfunded liability report.

§ 1798.4. Catastrophic Loss Benefits Continuation Fund.

§ 1799.  Restraint system.

§ 1799.1. Antitheft devices.

§ 1799.2. Driver improvement course discounts.

§ 1799.3. Limit on cancellations, refusals to renew, refusals to write, surcharges, rate penalties and point assignments.

§ 1799.4. Examination of vehicle repairs.

§ 1799.5. Conduct of market study.

§ 1799.6. Conduct of random field surveys.

§ 1799.7. Rates.

 

Chapter 18.  Motor Vehicle Insurance Fraud

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 1801.  Definitions.

 

Subchapter B.  Antifraud Plans

 

§ 1811.  Filing of plans.

§ 1812.  Content of plans.

§ 1813.  Review by commissioner.

§ 1814.  Report on antifraud activities.

§ 1815.  Penalties.

§ 1816.  Confidentiality of plans and reports.

§ 1817.  Reporting of insurance fraud.

§ 1818.  Civil immunity.

 

Subchapter C.  Comprehensive Database System

 

§ 1821.  Membership in system.

§ 1822.  Warning notice on application for insurance and claim forms.

§ 1823.  Rules and regulations.

§ 1824.  Civil immunity.

§ 1825.  Use of information (Deleted by amendment).

§ 1826.  Annual reports (Deleted by amendment).

 

Chapter 19.  Fees

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 1901.  Exemption of persons, entities and vehicles from fees.

§ 1902.  Exemptions from other fees.

§ 1903.  Limitation on local license fees and taxes.

§ 1904.  Collection and disposition of fees and moneys.

§ 1905.  Payments to special funds.

 

Subchapter B.  Registration Fees

 

§ 1911.  Registration fees.

§ 1912.  Passenger cars.

§ 1913.  Motor homes.

§ 1914.  Motorcycles.

§ 1915.  Motor-driven cycles.

§ 1916.  Trucks and truck tractors.

§ 1917.  Motor buses and limousines.

§ 1918.  School buses and school vehicles.

§ 1919.  Reduced combustion vehicles (Expired).

§ 1920.  Trailers.

§ 1921.  Special mobile equipment.

§ 1922.  Implements of husbandry.

§ 1923.  Antique, classic and collectible vehicles.

§ 1924.  Farm vehicles.

§ 1925.  Ambulances, taxis and hearses.

§ 1925.1. Limousines.

§ 1926.  Dealers and miscellaneous motor vehicle business.

§ 1926.1. Farm equipment vehicle dealers.

§ 1926.2. Fleet owner transporter plate.

§ 1927.  Transfer of registration.

§ 1928.  Temporary and electronically issued registration plates.

§ 1929.  Replacement registration plates.

§ 1930.  Legislative registration plates.

§ 1931.  Personal and organization registration plates.

§ 1931.1. Street rod registration plates.

§ 1932.  Duplicate registration cards.

§ 1933.  Commercial implements of husbandry.

§ 1934.  General reissuance.

§ 1935.  Fee for local use.

 

Subchapter C.  Permits

 

§ 1941.  Scope of subchapter.

§ 1942.  Special hauling permits as to weight and size.

§ 1943.  Annual hauling permits.

§ 1944.  Mobile homes, modular housing units and modular housing undercarriages.

§ 1945.  Books of permits.

§ 1946.  Movements requiring special escort.

§ 1947.  Refund of certain fees.

§ 1948.  Chemical and fertilizer vehicle permits (Repealed).

§ 1949.  Construction trucks (Deleted by amendment).

§ 1950.  Fee for migrant farm vehicle (Repealed).

 

Subchapter D.  Miscellaneous Fees

 

§ 1951.  Driver's license and learner's permit.

§ 1952.  Certificate of title.

§ 1953.  Security interest.

§ 1954.  Approval of vehicle equipment and testing devices.

§ 1955.  Information concerning drivers and vehicles.

§ 1956.  Certified copies of records.

§ 1957.  Uncollectible checks.

§ 1958.  Certificate of inspection.

§ 1959.  Messenger service.

§ 1960.  Reinstatement of operating privilege or vehicle registration.

§ 1961.  Secure power of attorney.

 

Chapter 20.  Motor Vehicle Insurance Rate Review Procedures

 

§ 2001.  Short title of chapter.

§ 2002.  Scope of chapter.

§ 2003.  Waiting period for filings.

§ 2004.  Action by commissioner on rate filings within waiting period.

§ 2005.  Review of action of commissioner taken without hearing.

§ 2006.  Action by commissioner on rate filings after waiting period.

§ 2007.  Deemed approvals.

§ 2008.  Hearing procedures.

§ 2009.  Rules and regulations.

 

Chapter 21.  Motor Carriers Road Tax Identification Markers

 

§ 2101.  Construction.

§ 2101.1. Definitions.

§ 2102.  Identification markers and license or road tax registration card required.

§ 2103.  False statements and penalties.

§ 2104.  Special investigators; powers.

§ 2105.  Exemptions.

 

Chapter 23.  Motor Vehicle Transaction Recovery Fund

 

§ 2301.  Definitions.

§ 2302.  Establishment and maintenance of fund.

§ 2303.  Disbursements.

§ 2304.  Assignment of claims.

§ 2305.  Appeals.

§ 2306.  Exemptions.

§ 2307.  Enforcement.

 

PART III.  OPERATION OF VEHICLES

 

Chapter 31.  General Provisions

 

Subchapter A.  Obedience to and Effect of Traffic Laws

 

§ 3101.  Application of part.

§ 3102.  Obedience to authorized persons directing traffic.

§ 3103.  Persons riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles.

§ 3104.  Persons working on highways.

§ 3105.  Drivers of emergency vehicles.

§ 3106.  Operators of streetcars.

§ 3107.  Drivers in funeral processions.

 

Subchapter B.  Traffic-control Devices

 

§ 3111.  Obedience to traffic-control devices.

§ 3111.1. Obedience to traffic-control devices warning of hazardous conditions.

§ 3112.  Traffic-control signals.

§ 3113.  Pedestrian-control signals.

§ 3114.  Flashing signals.

§ 3115.  Lane-direction-control signals.

§ 3116.  Automated red light enforcement systems in first class cities.

§ 3117.  Automated red light enforcement systems in certain municipalities.

 

Subchapter C.  Fines

 

§ 3121.  EMS costs.

 

Chapter 33.  Rules of the Road in General

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 3301.  Driving on right side of roadway.

§ 3302.  Meeting vehicle proceeding in opposite direction.

§ 3303.  Overtaking vehicle on the left.

§ 3304.  Overtaking vehicle on the right.

§ 3305.  Limitations on overtaking on the left.

§ 3306.  Limitations on driving on left side of roadway.

§ 3307.  No-passing zones.

§ 3308.  One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.

§ 3309.  Driving on roadways laned for traffic.

§ 3310.  Following too closely.

§ 3311.  Driving on divided highways.

§ 3312.  Limited access highway entrances and exits.

§ 3313.  Restrictions on use of limited access highways.

§ 3314.  Prohibiting use of hearing impairment devices.

§ 3315.  Passing and overtaking streetcars.

§ 3316.  Prohibiting text-based communications.

 

Subchapter B.  Right-of-way

 

§ 3321.  Vehicle approaching or entering intersection.

§ 3322.  Vehicle turning left.

§ 3323.  Stop signs and yield signs.

§ 3324.  Vehicle entering or crossing roadway.

§ 3325.  Duty of driver on approach of emergency vehicle.

§ 3326.  Duty of driver in construction and maintenance areas or on highway safety corridors.

§ 3327.  Duty of driver in emergency response areas.

§ 3328.  Unmarked police vehicles.

 

Subchapter C.  Turning, Starting and Signals

 

§ 3331.  Required position and method of turning.

§ 3332.  Limitations on turning around.

§ 3333.  Moving stopped or parked vehicle.

§ 3334.  Turning movements and required signals.

§ 3335.  Signals by hand and arm or signal lamps.

§ 3336.  Method of giving hand and arm signals.

 

Subchapter D.  Special Stops Required

 

§ 3341.  Obedience to signal indicating approach of train.

§ 3342.  Vehicles required to stop at railroad crossings.

§ 3343.  Moving heavy equipment at railroad grade crossings.

§ 3344.  Emerging from alley, driveway or building.

§ 3345.  Meeting or overtaking school bus.

§ 3346.  Emergency vehicles entering or leaving official garage.

 

Subchapter E.  Stopping, Standing and Parking

 

§ 3351.  Stopping, standing and parking outside business and residence districts.

§ 3352.  Removal of vehicle by or at direction of police.

§ 3353.  Prohibitions in specified places.

§ 3354.  Additional parking regulations.

 

Subchapter F.  Speed Restrictions

 

§ 3361.  Driving vehicle at safe speed.

§ 3362.  Maximum speed limits.

§ 3363.  Alteration of maximum limits.

§ 3364.  Minimum speed regulation.

§ 3365.  Special speed limitations.

§ 3366.  Charging speed violations.

§ 3367.  Racing on highways.

§ 3368.  Speed timing devices.

 

Chapter 35.  Special Vehicles and Pedestrians

 

Subchapter A.  Operation of Pedalcycles

 

§ 3501.  Applicability of traffic laws to pedalcycles.

§ 3502.  Penalty for violation of subchapter.

§ 3503.  Responsibility of parent or guardian.

§ 3504.  Riding on pedalcycles.

§ 3505.  Riding on roadways and pedalcycle paths.

§ 3506.  Articles carried by operator.

§ 3507.  Lamps and other equipment on pedalcycles.

§ 3508.  Pedalcycles on sidewalks and pedalcycle paths.

§ 3509.  Parking.

§ 3510.  Pedalcycle helmets for certain persons.

§ 3511.  Pedalcycles prohibited on freeways.

§ 3512.  Pedalcycle Helmet Fund (Repealed).

§ 3513.  Civil immunity for lenders of pedalcycle helmets.

 

Subchapter B.  Special Rules for Motorcycles

 

§ 3521.  Applicability of traffic laws to motorcycles.

§ 3522.  Riding on motorcycles.

§ 3523.  Operating motorcycles on roadways laned for traffic.

§ 3524.  Footrests and handhold.

§ 3525.  Protective equipment for motorcycle riders.

§ 3526.  Lighted lamp requirements for motorcycles.

 

Subchapter C.  Rights and Duties of Pedestrians

 

§ 3541.  Obedience of pedestrians to traffic-control devices and regulations.

§ 3542.  Right-of-way of pedestrians in crosswalks.

§ 3543.  Pedestrians crossing at other than crosswalks.

§ 3544.  Pedestrians walking along or on highway.

§ 3545.  Pedestrians soliciting rides or business.

§ 3546.  Driving through or around safety zone.

§ 3547.  Right-of-way of pedestrians on sidewalks.

§ 3548.  Pedestrians to yield to emergency vehicles.

§ 3549.  Blind pedestrians.

§ 3550.  Pedestrians under influence of alcohol or controlled substance.

§ 3551.  Compliance with bridge and railroad warning signals.

§ 3552.  Penalty for violation of subchapter.

 

Subchapter D.  Pedalcycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee

 

§ 3571.  Pedalcycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee.

 

Subchapter E.  Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Devices

 

§ 3581.  Equipment.

§ 3582.  Pedalcycle helmets for certain persons.

§ 3583.  EPAMD prohibited on freeways.

 

Chapter 37.  Miscellaneous Provisions

 

Subchapter A.  Offenses in General

 

§ 3701.  Unattended motor vehicle.

§ 3701.1. Leaving an unattended child in a motor vehicle.

§ 3702.  Limitations on backing.

§ 3703.  Driving upon sidewalk.

§ 3704.  Obstruction to driving view or mechanism.

§ 3705.  Opening and closing vehicle doors.

§ 3706.  Riding in house trailers, mobile homes or boats on trailers.

§ 3707.  Driving or stopping close to fire apparatus.

§ 3708.  Unauthorized driving over fire hose.

§ 3709.  Depositing waste and other material on highway, property or waters.

§ 3710.  Stopping at intersection or crossing to prevent obstruction.

§ 3711.  Unauthorized persons and devices hanging on vehicles.

§ 3712.  Abandonment of vehicles.

§ 3712.1. Restitution of property owners.

§ 3712.2. Stripping abandoned vehicles.

§ 3713.  Railroad trains not to block crossings.

§ 3714.  Careless driving.

§ 3715.  Restriction on alcoholic beverages (Repealed).

§ 3716.  Accidents involving overturned vehicles.

§ 3717.  Trespass by motor vehicle.

§ 3718.  Minor prohibited from operating with any alcohol in system.

§ 3719.  Passengers in open trucks.

§ 3720.  Snow and ice dislodged or falling from moving vehicle.

 

Subchapter B.  Serious Traffic Offenses

 

§ 3731.  Driving under influence of alcohol or controlled substance (Repealed).

§ 3731.1. Operators of commercial vehicles (Repealed).

§ 3732.  Homicide by vehicle.

§ 3732.1. Aggravated assault by vehicle.

§ 3733.  Fleeing or attempting to elude police officer.

§ 3734.  Driving without lights to avoid identification or arrest.

§ 3735.  Homicide by vehicle while driving under influence.

§ 3735.1. Aggravated assault by vehicle while driving under the influence.

§ 3736.  Reckless driving.

 

Subchapter C.  Accidents and Accident Reports

 

§ 3741.  Application of subchapter.

§ 3742.  Accidents involving death or personal injury.

§ 3742.1. Accidents involving death or personal injury while not properly licensed.

§ 3743.  Accidents involving damage to attended vehicle or property.

§ 3743.1. Spilled cargo.

§ 3744.  Duty to give information and render aid.

§ 3745.  Accidents involving damage to unattended vehicle or property.

§ 3745.1. Accident scene clearance.

§ 3746.  Immediate notice of accident to police department.

§ 3747.  Written report of accident by driver or owner.

§ 3748.  False reports.

§ 3749.  Reports by coroners and medical examiners.

§ 3750.  Reports by garages.

§ 3751.  Reports by police.

§ 3752.  Accident report forms.

§ 3753.  Department to compile, tabulate and analyze accident reports.

§ 3754.  Accident prevention investigations.

§ 3755.  Reports by emergency room personnel.

§ 3756.  Accidents involving certain vehicles.

§ 3757.  Compensation for incident removal costs.

 

Chapter 38.  Driving After Imbibing Alcohol or Utilizing Drugs

 

§ 3801.  Definitions.

§ 3802.  Driving under influence of alcohol or controlled substance.

§ 3803.  Grading.

§ 3804.  Penalties.

§ 3805.  Ignition interlock.

§ 3806.  Prior offenses.

§ 3807.  Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition.

§ 3808.  Illegally operating a motor vehicle not equipped with ignition interlock.

§ 3809.  Restriction on alcoholic beverages.

§ 3810.  Authorized use not a defense.

§ 3811.  Certain arrests authorized.

§ 3812.  Preliminary hearing or arraignment.

§ 3813.  Work release.

§ 3814.  Drug and alcohol assessments.

§ 3815.  Mandatory sentencing.

§ 3816.  Requirements for driving under influence offenders.

§ 3817.  Reporting requirements for offenses.

 

PART IV.  VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS

 

Chapter 41.  Equipment Standards

 

§ 4101.  Purpose of part.

§ 4102.  Definitions.

§ 4103.  Promulgation of vehicle equipment standards.

§ 4104.  Testing and approval of equipment.

§ 4105.  Revocation and renewal of certificates of approval.

§ 4106.  Market surveillance program.

§ 4107.  Unlawful activities.

§ 4108.  Injunctive relief.

 

Chapter 43.  Lighting Equipment

 

§ 4301.  Promulgation of regulations by department.

§ 4302.  Periods for requiring lighted lamps.

§ 4303.  General lighting requirements.

§ 4304.  Obstructed lights not required.

§ 4305.  Vehicular hazard signal lamps.

§ 4306.  Use of multiple-beam road lighting equipment.

§ 4307.  Use and display of illuminated signs.

§ 4308.  Lighted head lamps on school buses.

§ 4309.  Lighted head lamps in work zones.

§ 4310.  Motorcycle lighting.

 

Chapter 45.  Other Required Equipment

 

Subchapter A.  Brake Equipment

 

§ 4501.  Promulgation of regulations by department.

§ 4502.  General requirements for braking systems.

 

Subchapter B.  Safety and Anti-pollution Equipment

 

§ 4521.  Promulgation of regulations by department.

§ 4522.  Effect of amendments to Federal regulations (Repealed).

§ 4523.  Exhaust systems, mufflers and noise control.

§ 4524.  Windshield obstructions and wipers.

§ 4525.  Tire equipment and traction surfaces.

§ 4526.  Safety glass.

§ 4527.  Television equipment.

§ 4528.  Fire extinguishers.

§ 4529.  Slow moving vehicle emblem.

§ 4530.  Portable emergency warning devices.

§ 4531.  Emission control systems.

§ 4532.  Smoke control for diesel-powered motor vehicles.

§ 4533.  Rear wheel shields.

§ 4534.  Rearview mirrors.

§ 4535.  Audible warning devices.

§ 4536.  Bumpers.

§ 4537.  Device used to carry pedalcycles.

 

Subchapter C.  Vehicles for Transportation of School Children

 

§ 4551.  Safety regulations.

§ 4552.  General requirements for school buses.

§ 4553.  General requirements for other vehicles transporting school children.

 

Subchapter D.  Equipment of Authorized and Emergency Vehicles

 

§ 4571.  Visual and audible signals on emergency vehicles.

§ 4572.  Visual signals on authorized vehicles.

§ 4573.  Identification of certain vehicles.

 

Subchapter E.  Child Passenger Protection

 

§ 4581.  Restraint systems.

§ 4582.  Child Passenger Restraint Fund.

§ 4583.  Hospital information program.

§ 4584.  Oral hazard warning (Deleted by amendment).

§ 4585.  Use of information or evidence of violation of subchapter.

§ 4586.  Civil immunity for child passenger safety technicians and lenders of child passenger restraint systems and booster seats.

 

Chapter 47.  Inspection of Vehicles

 

Subchapter A.  Inspection Requirements

 

§ 4701.  Duty to comply with inspection laws.

§ 4702.  Requirement for periodic inspection of vehicles.

§ 4702.1. Limited liability of inspection station or mechanic.

§ 4703.  Operation of vehicle without official certificate of inspection.

§ 4704.  Inspection by police or Commonwealth personnel.

§ 4705.  Inspection of vehicles for transportation of school children.

§ 4706.  Prohibition on expenditures for emission inspection program.

§ 4706.1. Centralized emission inspection litigation settlement (Expired).

§ 4707.  Consumer protection.

§ 4708.  Inspection of motorcycles.

§ 4709.  Low-Emissions Vehicle Commission.

§ 4710.  Vehicle Emission System Inspection Program Advisory Committee.

 

Subchapter B.  Official Inspection Stations

 

§ 4721.  Appointment of official inspection stations.

§ 4722.  Certificate of appointment.

§ 4723.  Certificate of appointment for inspecting fleet vehicles.

§ 4723.1. Certificate of appointment for enhanced vehicle safety inspection for reconstructed vehicle, modified or specially constructed inspection stations.

§ 4724.  Suspension of certificates of appointment.

§ 4725.  Use of certificate of appointment at official inspection stations.

§ 4726.  Certification of mechanics.

§ 4727.  Issuance of certificate of inspection.

§ 4728.  Display of certificate of inspection.

§ 4729.  Removal of certificate of inspection.

§ 4730.  Violations of use of certificate of inspection.

§ 4731.  Records of inspections and certificates issued.

§ 4732.  Inspection Advisory Board.

§ 4733.  Prohibited provision.

 

Chapter 49.  Size, Weight and Load

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 4901.  Scope and application of chapter.

§ 4902.  Restrictions on use of highways and bridges.

§ 4903.  Securing loads in vehicles.

§ 4904.  Limits on number of towed vehicles.

§ 4905.  Safety requirements for towed vehicles.

§ 4906.  Fire apparatus.

§ 4907.  Penalty for violation of chapter.

§ 4908.  Operation of certain combinations on interstate and certain other highways.

§ 4908.1. Operation of motor homes on interstate and certain other highways.

§ 4909.  Transporting foodstuffs in vehicles used to transport waste.

 

Subchapter B.  Width, Height and Length

 

§ 4921.  Width of vehicles.

§ 4922.  Height of vehicles.

§ 4923.  Length of vehicles.

§ 4924.  Limitations on length of projecting loads.

§ 4925.  Width of projecting loads on passenger vehicles.

 

Subchapter C.  Maximum Weights of Vehicles

 

§ 4941.  Maximum gross weight of vehicles.

§ 4942.  Registered gross weight.

§ 4943.  Maximum axle weight of vehicles.

§ 4944.  Maximum wheel load.

§ 4945.  Penalties for exceeding maximum weights.

§ 4946.  Impoundment of vehicles for nonpayment of overweight fines (Repealed).

§ 4947.  Disposition of impounded vehicles and loads (Repealed).

§ 4948.  Maximum weight and seating capacity of buses.

§ 4949.  Application to tow trucks.

 

Subchapter D.  Special Permits for Excessive Size and Weight

 

§ 4961.  Authority to issue permits.

§ 4962.  Conditions of permits and security for damages.

§ 4963.  Exemptions for vehicles used in State highway construction or maintenance.

§ 4964.  Oral authorization following emergency or accident.

§ 4965.  Single permits for multiple highway crossings.

§ 4966.  Permit for movement of quarry equipment.

§ 4967.  Permit for movement of implements of husbandry (Repealed).

§ 4968.  Permit for movement during course of manufacture.

§ 4969.  Permit for movement of vehicles with oversize wheels and tires (Repealed).

§ 4970.  Permit for movement of construction equipment.

§ 4971.  Permit for operation of chemical and fertilizer vehicles (Deleted by amendment).

§ 4972.  Permits for migrant farm vehicles (Repealed).

§ 4973.  Permits for movement of a mobile home, a manufactured home or a modular housing unit and modular housing undercarriage.

§ 4974.  Permit for movement of containerized cargo.

§ 4975.  Permit for movement of special mobile equipment.

§ 4976.  Permit for movement of domestic animal feed and whole or unprocessed grain.

§ 4976.1. Permit for movement of live domestic animals.

§ 4976.2. Permit for movement of eggs.

§ 4977.  Permit for movement of wooden structures.

§ 4978.  Permit for movement of building structural components.

§ 4979.  Permit for movement of particleboard or fiberboard used in the manufacture of ready-to-assemble furniture.

§ 4979.1. Permit for movement of bulk refined oil.

§ 4979.2. Permit for movement of waste coal, beneficial combustion ash or limestone.

§ 4979.3. Permit for movement of float glass or flat glass for use in construction and other end uses.

§ 4979.4. Permit for movement of self-propelled cranes.

§ 4979.5. Permit for movement of nonhazardous liquid glue.

§ 4979.6. Permit for movement of waste tires.

 

Subchapter E.  Measuring and Adjusting Vehicle Size and  Weight

 

§ 4981.  Weighing and measurement of vehicles.

§ 4982.  Reducing or readjusting loads of vehicles.

§ 4983.  Penalty for failure to obey police officer (Repealed).

 

PART V.  ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

 

Chapter 61.  Powers of Department and Local Authorities

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 6101.  Applicability and uniformity of title.

§ 6102.  Powers and duties of department and local authorities.

§ 6103.  Promulgation of rules and regulations by department.

§ 6103.1. Exemption from additional requirements for highway occupancy permits for agricultural purposes.

§ 6104.  Administrative duties of department.

§ 6105.  Department to prescribe traffic and engineering investigations.

§ 6105.1. Designation of highway safety corridors.

§ 6106.  Designation of emergency vehicles by Pennsylvania State Police.

§ 6107.  Designation of authorized vehicles by department.

§ 6108.  Power of Governor during emergency.

§ 6109.  Specific powers of department and local authorities.

§ 6110.  Regulation of traffic on Pennsylvania Turnpike.

§ 6110.1. Fare evasion.

§ 6111.  Regulation of traffic on bridges under authority of interstate commissions.

§ 6112.  Removal of traffic hazards by property owner.

§ 6113.  Control of public travel on private property by owner.

§ 6114.  Limitation on sale, publication and disclosure of records.

§ 6115.  Emergency telephones along Pennsylvania Turnpike.

§ 6116.  Payment by credit or debit card.

§ 6117.  Authority of qualified employees of department and Department of Revenue.

§ 6118.  Municipal police officer education and training.

 

Subchapter B.  Traffic-control Devices

 

§ 6121.  Uniform system of traffic-control devices.

§ 6122.  Authority to erect traffic-control devices.

§ 6123.  Erection of traffic-control devices while working.

§ 6123.1. Mandatory traffic-control devices in highway work zones.

§ 6124.  Erection of traffic-control devices at intersections.

§ 6125.  Display of unauthorized signs, signals or markings.

§ 6126.  Interference with devices, signs or signals.

§ 6127.  Dealing in nonconforming traffic-control devices.

§ 6128.  Dealing in official traffic-control devices or bridge parts.

§ 6129.  Maintenance of pedestrian crosswalks in school zones.

 

Subchapter C.  Reciprocity

 

§ 6141.  Declaration of policy.

§ 6142.  Reciprocity agreements, arrangements and declarations authorized.

§ 6143.  Benefits, privileges and exemptions from taxes and fees.

§ 6144.  Vehicle registration and licensing.

§ 6145.  Proportional registration of fleet vehicles.

§ 6146.  Enforcement agreements.

§ 6146.1. Multijurisdictional permit agreement.

§ 6147.  Declaration of reciprocity in absence of agreement.

§ 6148.  Applicability to leased vehicles.

§ 6149.  Automatic reciprocity.

§ 6150.  Proportional registration not exclusive.

§ 6151.  Suspension of reciprocity benefits.

§ 6152.  Form, publication and distribution of documents.

§ 6153.  Existing reciprocity agreements unaffected.

§ 6154.  Nonreciprocity of operational limitations.

 

Chapter 63.  Enforcement

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 6301.  Prosecutions under local ordinances superseded by title.

§ 6302.  Time limitations.

§ 6303.  Rights and liabilities of minors.

§ 6304.  Authority to arrest without warrant.

§ 6305.  Arrest of nonresident.

§ 6306.  Costs for summary offenses.

§ 6307.  Liability for costs not paid by defendant.

§ 6308.  Investigation by police officers.

§ 6308.1. Payment to police or sheriff's office of one-half of reinstatement fee.

§ 6309.  Impoundment for nonpayment of fines; vehicles or combinations with a gross vehicle weight rating of 17,001 pounds or more.

§ 6309.1. Impoundment for nonpayment of fines; vehicles or combinations with a gross vehicle weight rating of 17,000 pounds or less.

§ 6309.2. Immobilization, towing and storage of vehicle for driving without operating privileges or registration.

§ 6310.  Disposition of impounded vehicles, combinations and loads.

§ 6311.  Enforcement authority.

§ 6312.  Liquor or malt or brewed beverages.

§ 6313.  Enforcement of summary offenses in State park and forest lands.

 

Subchapter B.  Records of Traffic Cases

 

§ 6321.  Records of issuing authorities.

§ 6322.  Reports by issuing authorities.

§ 6323.  Reports by courts.

§ 6324.  Failure to comply with provisions of subchapter.

§ 6325.  Department records.

§ 6326.  Traffic citation forms (Repealed).

§ 6327.  Inspection of records.

§ 6328.  Admissibility of department records.

 

Subchapter C.  Pursuit of Vehicles

 

§ 6341.  Definitions.

§ 6342.  Written policies required.

§ 6343.  Pursuit records.

§ 6344.  Pennsylvania State Police report.

§ 6345.  Liability.

 

Chapter 65.  Penalties and Disposition of Fines

 

§ 6501.  Definition of conviction.

§ 6502.  Summary offenses.

§ 6503.  Subsequent convictions of certain offenses.

§ 6503.1. Habitual offenders.

§ 6504.  Inability to pay fine and costs.

§ 6505.  Disposition of fines and forfeitures (Repealed).

§ 6506.  Surcharge.

§ 6507.  Levy and imposition of surcharge in cities of the first class.

 

Chapter 67.  Service of Process on Nonresidents (Repealed)

 

§ 6701 - § 6705 (Repealed).

 

PART VI.  MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

 

Chapter 71.  Vehicle Theft and Related Provisions

 

Subchapter A.  Identification Number

 

§ 7101.  Requirement for identification number.

§ 7102.  Removal or falsification of identification number (Repealed).

§ 7103.  Dealing in vehicles with removed or falsified numbers (Repealed).

§ 7104.  State replacement vehicle identification number plate.

§ 7105.  Seizure of vehicles with removed or falsified numbers.

 

Subchapter B.  Stolen Vehicles

 

§ 7111.  Dealing in titles and plates for stolen vehicles.

§ 7112.  False report of theft or conversion of vehicle.

§ 7113.  Reporting stolen and recovered vehicles.

§ 7114.  Records of stolen vehicles.

§ 7115.  Application for certificate of title of a stolen vehicle.

§ 7116.  Fraudulent removal of vehicle from garage.

 

Subchapter C.  Misuse of Documents and Plates

 

§ 7121.  False application for certificate of title or registration.

§ 7122.  Altered, forged or counterfeit documents and plates.

§ 7123.  Sale or purchase of certificate or other document.

§ 7124.  Fraudulent use or removal of registration plate.

 

Subchapter D.  Tampering with Odometers

 

§ 7131.  Legislative findings and definitions.

§ 7132.  Prohibited activities relating to odometers.

§ 7133.  Permissible activities relating to odometers.

§ 7134.  Odometer disclosure requirements.

§ 7135.  Odometer mileage statement retention.

§ 7136.  Conspiracy to violate odometer requirements.

§ 7137.  Violation of Unfair Trade Practices and Consumer Protection Law.

§ 7138.  Civil liability.

§ 7139.  Penalties.

 

Chapter 72.  Alternative Fuels (Repealed)

 

§ 7201 - § 7205 (Repealed).

 

Chapter 73.  Abandoned Vehicles and Cargos

 

Subchapter A.  Abandoned Vehicles and Salvors

 

§ 7301.  Authorization of salvors.

§ 7302.  Certificate of authorization.

§ 7303.  Suspension of authorization.

§ 7303.1. Duty of police and salvors.

§ 7304.  Reports to department of possession of abandoned vehicles.

§ 7304.1. Reports and removal of abandoned vehicles within the boundaries of a city of the first class or second class.

§ 7305.  Notice to owner and lienholders of abandoned vehicles.

§ 7306.  Payment of costs upon reclaiming vehicle.

§ 7307.  Authorization for disposal of unclaimed vehicles.

§ 7308.  Public sale of unclaimed vehicles with value.

§ 7309.  Processing of nonrepairable or salvage vehicles.

§ 7310.  Removal of abandoned or presumed abandoned vehicles from roadway.

§ 7311.  Reports by garage keepers of abandoned vehicles.

§ 7311.1. Reports by private property owners of abandoned vehicles.

§ 7311.2. Salvors to remove abandoned vehicles in good faith.

§ 7312.  Penalty for violation of chapter.

 

Subchapter B.  Watercraft Trailer Forfeiture

 

§ 7321.  Scope of subchapter and legislative intent.

§ 7322.  Definitions.

§ 7323.  Liens.

§ 7324.  Notification by watercraft trailer dealer.

§ 7325.  Responsibility of department.

§ 7326.  Publication.

§ 7327.  Redemption.

§ 7328.  Forfeiture.

§ 7329.  Rights acquired by good faith purchaser.

§ 7330.  Other remedies.

§ 7331.  Construction.

 

Chapter 75.  Messenger Service

 

§ 7501.  Authorization of messenger and agent services.

§ 7502.  Certificate of authorization (Deleted by amendment).

§ 7502.1. Supersession.

§ 7503.  Suspension of authorization (Deleted by amendment).

§ 7503.1. Bond required.

§ 7504.  Place of business (Deleted by amendment).

§ 7504.1. Agent duties and responsibilities.

§ 7505.  Transaction of business with department.

§ 7506.  Violations and penalties.

§ 7507.  Certified checks may be required.

§ 7508.  Nonperformance.

§ 7509.  Messenger and Agent Advisory Committee.

 

Chapter 77.  Snowmobiles and All-Terrain Vehicles

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 7701.  Short title of chapter.

§ 7702.  Definitions.

§ 7703.  Applicability of chapter.

§ 7704.  Rules and regulations.

§ 7705.  Records and reports.

§ 7706.  Restricted account.

 

Subchapter B.  Certificates of Title, Registration and Permits

 

§ 7711.  Registration of dealers.

§ 7711.1. Registration of snowmobile or ATV.

§ 7711.2. Limited registration of snowmobile or ATV.

§ 7712.  Registration of snowmobiles and registration and issuance of certificates of title for ATV's (Repealed).

§ 7712.1. Certificate of title for snowmobile or ATV.

§ 7712.2. Transfer to or from dealer.

§ 7712.3. Transfer of snowmobile or ATV by operation of law.

§ 7712.4. Correction of certificate of title.

§ 7712.5. Issuance of new certificate following transfer.

§ 7712.6. Suspension and cancellation of certificate of title.

§ 7712.7. Application for certificate of title by agent.

§ 7712.8. Perfection of security interest in a snowmobile or ATV.

§ 7712.9. Satisfaction of security interest.

§ 7712.10. Release of security interest.

§ 7712.11. Effectiveness of security interests.

§ 7712.12. Assignment by secured party of security interest.

§ 7712.13. Exemptions.

§ 7713.  Certificates of registration and decals (Repealed).

§ 7714.  Exemptions from registration (Repealed).

§ 7715.  Reciprocity (Repealed).

§ 7715.1. Snowmobile or ATV purchased from dealer.

§ 7715.2. Fees.

§ 7716.  Records.

§ 7717.  Snowmobile and ATV Advisory Committee.

§ 7718.  Vintage snowmobile permits.

 

Subchapter C.  Operation

 

§ 7721.  Operation on streets and highways.

§ 7722.  Designation of snowmobile and ATV roads.

§ 7723.  Special snowmobile and ATV events.

§ 7724.  Operation on private or State property.

§ 7725.  Operation by persons under age sixteen.

§ 7726.  Operation in safe manner.

§ 7727.  Additional limitations on operation.

§ 7728.  Accidents and accident reports.

§ 7729.  Liability of owner for negligence.

§ 7730.  Liability insurance.

 

Subchapter D.  Equipment

 

§ 7741.  Head lamps and tail lamps.

§ 7742.  Brakes.

§ 7743.  Mufflers and noise control.

 

Subchapter E.  Miscellaneous Provisions

 

§ 7751.  Enforcement personnel and procedures.

§ 7752.  Penalties for violation of chapter.

§ 7753.  Actions for collection of penalties.

 

Chapter 78.  Motor Carrier Safety

 

§ 7801.  Short title of chapter.

§ 7802.  Findings and declaration of policy.

§ 7803.  Definitions.

§ 7804.  Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee.

 

Chapter 79.  Motorcycles

 

Subchapter A.  General Provisions

 

§ 7901.  Short title of chapter.

§ 7902.  Definitions.

§ 7903.  Waiver of examination.

§ 7904.  Fees.

§ 7905.  Restricted receipts account.

 

Subchapter B.  Motorcycle Safety Education

 

§ 7911.  Motorcycle safety education program.

 

Chapter 80.  Special Programs

 

Subchapter A.  Persons with Disabilities Shared-Ride Pilot Program

 

§ 8001.  Persons with disabilities shared-ride pilot program.

 

Chapter 81.  Interstate Compacts and Agreements

 

Subchapter A.  Bus Taxation Proration Agreement (Repealed)

 

§ 8101 - § 8105 (Repealed).

 

Subchapter B.  Vehicle Equipment Safety Compact (Repealed)

 

§ 8111 - § 8122 (Repealed).

 

Chapter 83.  Hazardous Materials Transportation

 

§ 8301.  Legislative findings.

§ 8302.  Powers and duties of department.

§ 8303.  Correspondence with Federal regulations.

§ 8304.  Right of entry.

§ 8305.  Injunctions and other remedies.

§ 8306.  Penalties.

§ 8307.  Hazardous Materials Transportation Advisory Committee.

§ 8308.  Report to the General Assembly.

 

Chapter 89.  Pennsylvania Turnpike

 

Subchapter A.  Preliminary Provisions

 

§ 8901.  Definitions.

 

Subchapter B.  Turnpike Extensions and Improvements

 

§ 8911.  Improvement and extension authorizations.

§ 8912.  Subsequent extension authorizations.

§ 8913.  Additional subsequent extension authorizations.

§ 8914.  Further subsequent authorizations.

§ 8914.1. Security wall pilot project.

§ 8915.  Conversion to toll roads.

§ 8915.1. Conversion of Interstate 80.

§ 8915.2. Application to United States Department of Transportation.

§ 8915.3. Lease of Interstate 80; related agreements.

§ 8915.4. Initial payment.

§ 8915.5. Other interstate highways.

§ 8915.6. Deposit and distribution of funds.

§ 8915.7. Impact on associated highways and local roads.

§ 8916.  Turnpike system.

§ 8917.  Financial plan.

§ 8918.  Failure to perform.

 

Chapter 90.  Liquid Fuels and Fuels Tax

 

§ 9001.  Short title of chapter.

§ 9002.  Definitions.

§ 9003.  Liquid fuels and fuels permits; bond or deposit of securities.

§ 9004.  Imposition of tax, exemptions and deductions.

§ 9005.  Taxpayer.

§ 9006.  Distributor's report and payment of tax.

§ 9007.  Determination and redetermination of tax, penalties and interest due.

§ 9008.  Examination of records and equipment.

§ 9009.  Retention of records by distributors and dealers.

§ 9010.  Disposition and use of tax.

§ 9011.  Discontinuance or transfer of business.

§ 9012.  Suspension or revocation of permits.

§ 9013.  Lien of taxes, penalties and interest.

§ 9014.  Collection of unpaid taxes.

§ 9015.  Reports from common carriers.

§ 9016.  Reward for detection of violations.

§ 9017.  Refunds.

§ 9018.  Violations.

§ 9019.  Diesel fuel importers and transporters; prohibiting use of dyed diesel fuel on highways; violations and penalties.

§ 9020.  Disposition of fees, fines and forfeitures.

§ 9021.  Certified copies of records.

§ 9022.  Uncollectible checks.

§ 9023.  Application of Prevailing Wage Act to locally funded highway and bridge projects.

 

Chapter 91.  State Highway Maintenance

 

§ 9101.  Definitions.

§ 9102.  Distribution of State highway maintenance funds.

§ 9103.  Transfers for emergency or equipment needs.

§ 9104.  Standards and methodology for data collection.

§ 9105.  Nonlapse of allocated funds for advertised projects.

§ 9106.  Dirt, gravel and low-volume road maintenance.

 

Chapter 92.  Transfer of State Highways

 

§ 9201.  Definitions.

§ 9202.  Application of chapter.

§ 9203.  Description of functionally-local highways.

§ 9204.  Notice to municipalities.

§ 9205.  Mutual agreement.

§ 9206.  Publication of list of highways transferred.

§ 9207.  Restoration of highways.

§ 9208.  Periodic review by General Assembly (Deleted by amendment).

 

Chapter 93.  Supplemental Funding for Municipal Highway              Maintenance

 

§ 9301.  Supplemental funding for municipal highway maintenance.

 

Chapter 94.  Liquid Fuels and Fuel Use Tax Enforcement

 

§ 9401.  Short title of chapter.

§ 9402.  Construction of chapter.

§ 9403.  Revenue agents; powers.

§ 9404.  Violations and penalties.

§ 9405.  Forfeitures; process and procedures.

§ 9406.  Disposition of fines and forfeitures.

 

Chapter 95.  Taxes for Highway Maintenance and Construction

 

§ 9501.  Definitions.

§ 9502.  Imposition of tax.

§ 9503.  Reports and payment of tax (Repealed).

§ 9504.  Timely mailing treated as timely filing and payment (Repealed).

§ 9505.  Extension of time to file reports (Repealed).

§ 9506.  Administration and enforcement (Repealed).

§ 9507.  Interstate cooperation in collecting tax (Repealed).

§ 9508.  Assessment and appeals (Repealed).

§ 9509.  Retention of records (Repealed).

§ 9510.  Penalties (Repealed).

§ 9511.  Allocation of proceeds.

§ 9511.1. Imposition of additional tax (Repealed).

§ 9511.2. Special revenue bonds.

§ 9511.3. Expenses.

§ 9511.4. Special revenue bonds and preliminary or interim financing.

§ 9511.5. Application of proceeds of obligations, lien of holders of obligations, design-build requirement and projects approved by General Assembly.

§ 9511.6. Trust indenture, protection of holders of obligations and depositories.

§ 9511.7. Exemption from Commonwealth taxation.

§ 9511.8. Costs related to Federal income tax matters.

§ 9511.9. Special revenue refunding bonds.

§ 9511.10. Remedies of trustees and of holders of obligations.

§ 9511.11. Pledged revenues.

§ 9511.12. (Reserved).

§ 9511.13. Supplement to other laws and liberal construction.

§ 9512.  Severability of provisions.

 

Chapter 96.  Motor Carriers Road Tax

 

§ 9601.  Short title of chapter.

§ 9602.  Definitions.

§ 9603.  Imposition of tax.

§ 9604.  Credit for motor fuel tax payment.

§ 9605.  Tax due date.

§ 9606.  Tax revenue to Motor License Fund.

§ 9607.  Calculation of amount of fuel used in Commonwealth.

§ 9608.  Report requirements.

§ 9609.  Average consumption.

§ 9610.  Records.

§ 9611.  Surety bond for payment of taxes.

§ 9612.  Arbitrary assessment to prevent tax avoidance.

§ 9613.  Penalty and interest for failure to report or pay tax.

§ 9614.  Time for payment of taxes, penalties and interest.

§ 9615.  Manner of payment and recovery of taxes, penalties and interest.

§ 9615.1. Examination of records.

§ 9616.  Determination, redetermination and review.

§ 9617.  Timely mailing treated as timely filing and payment.

§ 9618.  Availability of records of other agencies.

§ 9619.  Highway Bridge Improvement Restricted Account.

§ 9620.  Appropriation and allocation of proceeds.

§ 9621.  Regulations.

§ 9622.  Reciprocal agreements.

 

Chapter 97.  Department of Transportation Productivity

 

§ 9701.  Legislative oversight.

 

Chapter 98.  Motorbus Road Tax Credit or Refund

 

§ 9801.  Short title of chapter (Repealed).

§ 9802.  Definitions.

§ 9803.  Imposition of tax (Repealed).

§ 9804.  Exemptions (Repealed).

§ 9805.  Bus company reimbursement for motor fuel tax.

§ 9806.  Tax due date (Repealed).

§ 9807.  Tax revenue to Motor License Fund (Repealed).

§ 9808.  Calculation of amount of fuel used in Commonwealth (Repealed).

§ 9809.  Report requirements (Repealed).

§ 9810.  Identification markers required (Repealed).

§ 9811.  Average consumption (Repealed).

§ 9812.  Records (Repealed).

§ 9813.  Penalty and interest for failure to report or pay tax (Repealed).

§ 9814.  Time for payment of taxes, penalties and interest (Repealed).

§ 9815.  Manner of payment and recovery of taxes, penalties and interest (Repealed).

§ 9816.  Determination, redetermination and review (Repealed).

§ 9817.  Timely mailing treated as timely filing and payment (Repealed).

§ 9818.  Availability of records of other agencies (Repealed).

§ 9819.  False statements and penalties (Repealed).

§ 9820.  Special investigators; powers (Repealed).

§ 9821.  Regulations (Repealed).

 

Chapter 99.  Tax Treatment of Certain Organizations

 

§ 9901.  Corporate tax treatment of certain corporations (Repealed).

75c101h

TITLE 75

VEHICLES

 

Part

I.  Preliminary Provisions

II.  Title, Registration and Licensing

III.  Operation of Vehicles

IV.  Vehicle Characteristics

V.  Administration and Enforcement

VI.  Miscellaneous Provisions

 

Enactment.  Unless otherwise noted, the provisions of Title 75 were added June 17, 1976, P.L.162, No.81, effective July 1, 1977.

Special Provisions in Appendix.  See sections 2, 4, 5, 6 and 8 of Act 81 of 1976 in the appendix to this title for transition provisions, saving provision, severability, applicability of Statutory Construction Act and effective date.

 

 

PART I

PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS

 

Chapter

1.  General Provisions

 

Enactment.  Part I was added June 17, 1976, P.L.162, No.81, effective July 1, 1977.

 

 

CHAPTER 1

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

Sec.

101.  Short title of title.

102.  Definitions.

103.  Uniformity of interpretation.

104.  Continuation of existing law (Repealed).

 

Enactment.  Chapter 1 was added June 17, 1976, P.L.162, No.81, effective July 1, 1977.

75c101s

§ 101.  Short title of title.

This title shall be known and may be cited as the "Vehicle Code."

75c102s

§ 102.  Definitions.

Subject to additional definitions contained in subsequent provisions of this title which are applicable to specific provisions of this title, the following words and phrases when used in this title shall have, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, the meanings given to them in this section:

"Abandoned vehicle."

(1)  A vehicle (other than a pedalcycle) shall be presumed to be abandoned under any of the following circumstances, but the presumption is rebuttable by a preponderance of the evidence:

(i)  The vehicle is physically inoperable and is left unattended on a highway or other public property for more than 48 hours.

(ii)  The vehicle has remained illegally on a highway or other public property for a period of more than 48 hours.

(iii)  The vehicle is left unattended on or along a highway or other public property for more than 48 hours and does not bear all of the following:

(A)  A valid registration plate.

(B)  A current certificate of inspection.

(C)  An ascertainable vehicle identification number.

(iv)  The vehicle has remained on private property without the consent of the owner or person in control of the property for more than 24 hours.

(2)  Vehicles and equipment used or to be used in construction or in the operation or maintenance of highways or public utility facilities, which are left in a manner which does not interfere with the normal movement of traffic, shall not be considered to be abandoned.

"Active work zone."  The portion of a work zone where construction, maintenance or utility workers are located on the roadway, berm or shoulder.

"Agent service."  A person that has been authorized by the Department of Transportation to act as a card agent, a full agent or an issuing agent.

"Alley."  A street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic.

"Ambulance."  Any vehicle which is specifically designed, constructed or modified and equipped and is used or intended to be used and is maintained or operated for the purpose of providing emergency medical care to and transportation of human patients. The term includes advanced or basic life support vehicles that may or may not transport such patients.

"Antique motor vehicle."  A motor vehicle, but not a reproduction thereof, manufactured more than 25 years prior to the current year which has been maintained in or restored to a condition which is substantially in conformance with manufacturer specifications.

"Articulated bus."  A bus designed to transport passengers and on which passengers are authorized to be transported, consisting of two or more units or sections permanently assembled in tandem by flexible connections which permit passenger movement throughout the length of the bus.

"Authorized vehicle."  A vehicle or type of vehicle, other than an emergency vehicle, for which special operating or equipment privileges are given by law or regulation of the department based on design and utility for work within a highway.

"Automated red light enforcement system."  A vehicle sensor installed to work in conjunction with a traffic-control signal which automatically produces one or more recorded images of a vehicle at the time the vehicle is used or operated in a manner which is a violation under this title.

"Blood delivery vehicle."  Any vehicle which is used or intended to be used and is maintained or operated for the purpose of transporting blood or blood products on an emergency basis.

"Bus."

(1)  A motor vehicle designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver; or

(2)  a motor vehicle, other than a taxicab or limousine, designed to transport not more than 15 passengers, including the driver, and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.

The term does not include a vehicle used in a ridesharing arrangement, as defined in the act of December 14, 1982 (P.L.1211, No.279), entitled "An act providing for ridesharing arrangements and providing that certain laws shall be inapplicable to ridesharing arrangements," or a school bus.

"Business district."  The territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any 600 feet along the highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks, or office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings which occupy at least 300 feet of frontage on one side or 300 feet collectively on both sides of the highway.

"Cancel."  To void or terminate by formal action of the department any license, registration or privilege issued or granted by the department to which the individual is no longer entitled.

"Chemical test or testing."  Analysis performed on a biological material, including but not limited to breath, blood or urine, to determine the identity or concentration or both of particular constituents such as alcohol or controlled substances. Test procedures may rely on one or more physical or chemical properties of the constituent and utilize instrumental or chemical analysis techniques to accomplish the determination.

"Classic motor vehicle."  A motor vehicle, but not a reproduction thereof, manufactured at least 15 years prior to the current year which has been maintained in or restored to a condition which is substantially in conformity with manufacturer specifications and appearance. Any classic motor vehicle registered under section 1340 (relating to antique and classic plates) on the effective date of the amendment to this definition which fails to qualify as a classic motor vehicle pursuant to these provisions may retain such classic registration unless another type of registration is applied for and issued for the vehicle.

"Collectible motor vehicle."  A reconstructed or modified motor vehicle substantially modified from the manufacturer's original specifications and appearance and maintained in a collectible condition as determined by the Department of Transportation.

"Combination."  Two or more vehicles physically interconnected in tandem.

"Commercial driver."  A person who is either a commercial driver license holder as defined in section 1603 (relating to definitions) or who is driving a commercial motor vehicle.

"Commercial implement of husbandry."  An implement of husbandry that:

(1)  Is a self-propelled vehicle.

(2)  Is used to perform agricultural production or harvesting activities exclusively on farms other than farms owned or operated by the owner of the implement of husbandry.

(3)  (Deleted by amendment).

The term also includes any other vehicle determined by the department to be a commercial implement of husbandry.

"Construction truck."  A three or four axle truck engaged in construction operations.

"Containerized cargo."  Manifested international freight in a sealed, seagoing container.

"Converter gear."  A trailer designed and used exclusively to tow a semitrailer by mounting the semitrailer on the fifth wheel of the converter gear. The term includes the terms "auxiliary axle" and "jeep dolly."

"Court."  Includes (when exercising criminal or quasi-criminal jurisdiction pursuant to 42 Pa.C.S. § 1515 (relating to jurisdiction and venue) or concerning the receipt, storage, reproduction, electronic transmission and admissibility of documentation under section 1377 (relating to judicial review) or 1550 (relating to judicial review)) a district justice or issuing authority or the equivalent official from the Federal Government or another state.

"Crosswalk."

(1)  That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway, measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and, in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk.

(2)  Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

"Dealer."  A person engaged in the business of buying, selling or exchanging vehicles.

"Department."  The Department of Transportation of the Commonwealth.

"District justice."  (Deleted by amendment).

"Divided highway."  A highway divided into two or more roadways and so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic between the roadways by providing an intervening space, physical barrier or clearly indicated dividing section.

"Driveaway-towaway operation."  Any operation in which any motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer, singly or in combination, constitutes the commodity being transported, when one set or more of wheels of the vehicle are on the highway during the course of transportation, whether or not the vehicle furnished the motive power.

"Driver."  A person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.

"Driver's license."  A license or permit to drive a motor vehicle issued under this title.

"Electric personal assistive mobility device" or "EPAMD." A self-balancing, two-nontandem-wheeled device designed to transport only one person with an electric propulsion system.

"Electric vehicle."  A motor vehicle which operates solely by use of a battery or battery pack and which meets the applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards. The term includes a motor vehicle which is powered mainly through the use of an electric battery or battery pack but which uses a flywheel that stores energy produced by the electric motor or through regenerative braking to assist in operation of the motor vehicle.

"Emergency canteen support service organization vehicle."  A vehicle that is:

(1)  Owned by a Pennsylvania-registered, not-for-profit corporation, which is authorized to do business within this Commonwealth and has a minimum of two fully functional canteen units and a minimum of one restroom facility vehicle.

(2)  Registered with the county emergency dispatch center as an emergency canteen support service vehicle on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 52 weeks per year.

(3)  Dispatched for emergency service only via the county emergency dispatch center upon request of an emergency provider, whether fire, police, river rescue or other emergency provider.

"Emergency service responder."  An individual acting in an official capacity as any of the following:

(1)  A police officer.

(2)  A sheriff or deputy sheriff.

(3)  A coroner or deputy coroner.

(4)  A firefighter.

(5)  Fire police.

(6)  A fire marshal.

(7)  A medical examiner or deputy medical examiner.

(8)  Rescue personnel.

(9)  Ambulance personnel.

(10)  Towing and recovery personnel.

(11)  Highway maintenance and construction personnel.

(12)  Hazardous material response team member.

(13)  Emergency medical services personnel.

"Emergency vehicle."  A county emergency management vehicle, fire department vehicle, police vehicle, sheriff vehicle, ambulance, advanced life support squad vehicle, basic life support squad vehicle, emergency canteen support service organization vehicle, blood delivery vehicle, human organ delivery vehicle, hazardous material response vehicle, armed forces emergency vehicle, one vehicle operated by a coroner or chief county medical examiner and one vehicle operated by a chief deputy coroner or deputy chief county medical examiner used for answering emergency calls, a vehicle owned by or leased to a regional emergency medical services council that is used as authorized by the Department of Health to respond to an actual or potential disaster, mass casualty situation or substantial threat to public health, a vehicle owned by a county or regional police association and operated by a police officer that is used for police transport or victim extraction, any vehicle operated by a special agent, special agent supervisor, narcotics agent or narcotics agent supervisor while performing official duties as employees of the Office of Attorney General, any vehicle owned and operated by the Philadelphia Parking Authority established in accordance with 53 Pa.C.S. Ch. 55 (relating to parking authorities) and used in the enforcement of 53 Pa.C.S. Ch. 57 (relating to taxicabs and limousines in first class cities), or any other vehicle designated by the State Police under section 6106 (relating to designation of emergency vehicles by Pennsylvania State Police), or a privately owned vehicle used in answering an emergency call when used by any of the following:

(1)  A police chief and assistant chief.

(2)  A fire chief, assistant chief and, when a fire company has three or more fire vehicles, a second or third assistant chief.

(3)  A fire police captain and fire police lieutenant.

(4)  An ambulance corps commander and assistant commander.

(5)  A river rescue commander and assistant commander.

(6)  A county emergency management coordinator.

(7)  A fire marshal.

(8)  A rescue service chief and assistant chief.

(9)  The chief or operations director of a county hazardous materials response team.

"Engineering and traffic study."  An orderly examination or analysis of physical features and traffic conditions conducted in accordance with regulations of the department and conforming to generally accepted engineering standards and practices for the purpose of ascertaining the need or lack of need for a particular action by the department or local authorities.

"Essential parts."  All major component parts of a vehicle of a type required to be registered under this title, the removal, alteration or substitution of which would tend to conceal the identity of the vehicle or substantially alter its appearance, model, type or mode of operation.

"Established place of business."  The place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by a dealer, manufacturer or other vehicle-related business where the books and records are kept and a large share of the business is transacted.

"Exhibit."  Surrender of a document into the temporary possession of a person for the purpose of examining the document.

"Farm equipment."  A vehicle that is specifically designed and manufactured for and used exclusively in agriculture to plant, seed, cultivate, harvest or apply soil nutrients, fertilizers or chemicals. The term also includes any other vehicle determined by the department to be farm equipment.

"Farm vehicle."  A truck or truck tractor determined by the Department of Transportation to be used exclusively for agricultural purposes.

"Fire department vehicle."  A vehicle owned or leased by an organized paid or volunteer fire department.

"Fleet owner."  A person, Federal, State or local government agency or authority owning or leasing 15 or more vehicles who or which provides servicing and repair of the vehicles.

"Foreign vehicle."  A vehicle of a type required to be registered under this title brought into this Commonwealth from another state, territory or country other than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and not registered in this Commonwealth.

"Freeway."  A limited access highway to which the only means of ingress and egress is by interchange ramps.

"Full trailer."  A trailer so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. A semitrailer attached to a towing vehicle by means of an auxiliary front axle or dolly shall be deemed to be a full trailer.

"General rule."  A rule or order promulgated by the governing authority, as defined in 42 Pa.C.S. § 102 (relating to definitions), of the unified judicial system.

"Gross combination weight rating (GCWR)."  The value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a combination.

"Gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR)."  The value specified on the Federal weight certification label by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle.

"Gross weight."  The combined weight of a vehicle or combination of vehicles and its load excluding the driver's weight.

"Hazardous material."  Any explosive, blasting agent, flammable liquid, combustible liquid, flammable solid, flammable or nonflammable compressed gas, corrosive material, poison, poison gas, irritant, oxidizer, organic peroxide, radioactive material, etiologic agent, cryogenic liquid, hazardous waste, hazardous substance or other material which the department by procedure prescribed in Chapter 83 (relating to hazardous materials transportation) declares to be a hazardous material.

"Hazardous material response vehicle."  A vehicle owned or leased by a hazardous material response team certified through the Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency.

"Highway."  The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. The term includes a roadway open to the use of the public for vehicular travel on grounds of a college or university or public or private school or public or historical park.

"House coach."  A vehicle with an enclosed area which is designed, constructed or equipped for use, either permanently or temporarily, as a dwelling place, living abode, sleeping place or camping accommodation. A house coach includes motor homes, slide-in cabins and sleeping units specifically designed for mounting on a pickup truck and sleeping cabins designed for use on trucks and truck tractors operated for heavy-duty, long-distance hauling.

"House trailer."

(1)  A trailer which is designed, constructed and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode or sleeping place (either permanently or temporarily) and is equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways.

(2)  A trailer containing a chassis and exterior shell designed and constructed for use as a house trailer, as defined in paragraph (1), but which is used permanently or temporarily for advertising, sales, display or promotion of merchandise or services, or for any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property.

"Human organ delivery vehicle."  Any vehicle which is used or intended to be used and is maintained or operated for the purpose of transporting human organs or human tissue on an emergency basis.

"Hybrid electric vehicle."  An electric vehicle which allows power to be delivered to the drive wheels solely by a battery-powered electric motor but which also incorporates the use of a combustion engine to provide power to the battery and which meets the applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards. The primary source of power for the motor must be the electric battery or battery pack and not the combustion engine.

"Implement of husbandry."  Farm equipment that meets all of the following criteria:

(1)  Is equipped with pneumatic tires except if prohibited by religious beliefs.

(2)  Is infrequently operated or moved upon highways.

(3)  Is used in agriculture for any of the following purposes:

(i)  performance of agriculture production or harvesting activities for the farmer's agricultural operations; or

(ii)  transportation of agricultural products or agricultural supplies for the benefit of the farmer's agricultural operations.

The term also includes earthmoving equipment and any other vehicle determined by the department to be an implement of husbandry.

"Interactive wireless communications device."  A wireless telephone, personal digital assistant, smart phone, portable or mobile computer or similar device which can be used for voice communication, texting, e-mailing, browsing the Internet or instant messaging. The term does not include any of the following:

(1)  a device being used exclusively as a global positioning or navigation system;

(2)  a system or device that is physically or electronically integrated into the vehicle; or

(3)  a communications device that is affixed to a mass transit vehicle, bus or school bus.

"Intersection."

(1)  The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.

(2)  Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of two roadways of the highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection.

"Interstate highway."  A freeway on the Dwight D. Eisenhower System of Interstate and Defense Highways.

"Issuing authority."  A public official having the power and authority of a magisterial district judge.

"Laned roadway."  A roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.

"Learner's permit."  A permit issued for the purpose of learning to operate a motor vehicle.

"Lienholder."  A person holding a security interest in a vehicle.

"Limited access highway."  A highway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access except at points and in the manner determined by the authority having jurisdiction over the highway.

"Limousine."  A motor vehicle designed for carrying no more than nine passengers, exclusive of the driver, and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.

"Local authorities."  County, municipal and other local boards or bodies having authority to enact laws relating to traffic. The term also includes airport authorities, except where those authorities are located within counties of the first class or counties of the second class.

"Magisterial district judge."  Includes a judge of a community court, of the Pittsburgh Magistrates Court, and of the Traffic Court of Philadelphia when exercising the jurisdiction of a magisterial district judge under this title.

"Major component parts."  Includes any of the following parts of a vehicle: engine, transmission, front-end assemblies or unibodies structure which may consist of headlight, grille, fenders, bumpers and hood; fenders; hood; any door; any bumper; pickup box or cargo box; airbags; computer assembly; radio or stereo components; or trunk lid, deck lid, tailgate or hatchback, whichever is present.

"Manufactured construction unit."  A building manufactured in sections in a production plant, transported to a site and set on a foundation to form a complete commercial or institutional noncombustible building.

"Manufactured home."  A manufactured home as defined in section 603(6) of the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-383, 42 U.S.C. § 5402(6)). The term includes a mobile home.

"Manufacturer."  A person engaged in the business of constructing or assembling vehicles or motors or bodies of vehicles.

"Manufacturer's shipping weight."  The weight of a vehicle including all installed options as delivered for retail sale by the final stage manufacturer and as indicated on the manufacturer's certificate of origin.

"Mass transit vehicle."  A self-propelled or electrically propelled device designed for carrying 15 or more passengers exclusive of the driver, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation, including but not limited to subway cars, buses, trolleys and trackless trolleys but excluding railroad passenger cars.

"Maxi-cube vehicle."  A combination. The truck may have either a detachable or permanently attached cargo box. The cargo box on the trailer shall be designed such that the truck may be loaded and unloaded through the trailer. Neither cargo box shall exceed 34 feet in length, and the overall length of the combination shall not exceed 65 feet.

"Messenger service."  A person who, for a fee, advertises, offers or provides to the public the service of obtaining from the department vehicle titles, registrations, drivers' licenses and similar documents. A dealer who obtains documents only for purchasers of vehicles from the dealer is not a messenger service.

"Mileage."  The actual distance that a vehicle has traveled.

"Mobile home."  A trailer designed and used exclusively for living quarters or commercial purposes which exceeds the maximum size limitations prescribed by this title for operation on a highway and is only incidentally operated on a highway.

"Modified vehicle."  A vehicle of a type required to be registered under this title materially altered by the addition, deletion, substitution or modification of the body, chassis or essential parts, new or used. The term does not include vehicles that have been repaired to the function and appearance of vehicles in their original condition or vehicles where final-stage or second-stage manufacturers provide a manufacturer statement of origin or a federally required certification label at the time of the original title and registration application.

"Modular housing undercarriage."  A trailer which is used to transport a modular housing unit.

"Modular housing unit."  A unit transported on a removable or nonremovable frame designed for residential purposes which is wholly or in substantial part fabricated, formed or assembled in manufacturing facilities for assembly and installation on the building site.

"Motor carrier vehicle."

(1)  A truck, truck tractor or combination having a gross vehicle weight rating, gross combination weight rating, registered gross weight, registered combination weight or actual gross weight of 17,001 pounds or more.

(2)  A truck, truck tractor or combination engaged in interstate commerce and having a gross vehicle weight rating, gross combination weight rating, registered gross weight, registered combination weight or actual gross weight of 10,001 pounds or more.

"Motor home."  A motor vehicle designed or adapted for use as a mobile dwelling or office, except a motor vehicle equipped with a truck-camper.

"Motor vehicle."  A vehicle which is self-propelled except an electric personal assistive mobility device or a vehicle which is propelled solely by human power.

"Motorcycle."  A motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and:

(1)  designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground; or

(2)  designed to travel on two wheels in contact with the ground which is modified by the addition of two stabilizing wheels on the rear of the motor vehicle.

"Motor-driven cycle."  A motorcycle, including a motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five brake horsepower.

"Motorized pedalcycle."  A motor-driven cycle equipped with operable pedals, a motor rated no more than 1.5 brake horsepower, a cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cubic centimeters, an automatic transmission, and a maximum design speed of no more than 25 miles per hour or an electric motor-driven cycle equipped with operable pedals and an automatic transmission powered by an electric battery or battery pack-powered electric motor with a maximum design speed of no more than 25 miles per hour.

"Multipurpose agricultural vehicle."  A motor vehicle which is 62 inches or less in width and 2,000 pounds or less in dry weight and which is used exclusively for agricultural operations and only incidentally operated or moved upon the highways.

"Nondivisible."  Incapable of being divided into parts or dismembered without substantially damaging its usefulness or value.

"Nonrepairable vehicle."  An abandoned vehicle under paragraph (1)(iii) of the definitions of "abandoned vehicle" which is incapable of safe operation for use on roadways or highways and which has no resale value except as a source of parts or scrap only, a salvage vehicle issued a nonrepairable or nonrebuildable vehicle document by another state or a vehicle which a salvor or vehicle salvage dealer designates as a source for parts or scrap or which the owner irreversibly designates as a source for parts or scrap. Such vehicles may not be issued a certificate of title or certificate of salvage.

"Nonresident."  A person who is not a resident of this Commonwealth.

"Number."  When used in the context of identification means a series of numerals or letters or both, with or without a prefix or suffix.

"Numbered traffic route."  A highway which has been assigned an interstate, United States or Pennsylvania route number, consisting of three or fewer digits, to aid motorists in their travels.

"Occupational limited license."  A license, issued under this title to a driver whose operating privileges have been suspended, to permit the operation of a motor vehicle under certain conditions, when necessary for the driver's occupation, work, trade or study.

"Official traffic-control devices."  Signs, signals, markings and devices not inconsistent with this title placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.

"Operating privilege."  The privilege to apply for and obtain a license to use as well as the privilege to use a vehicle on a highway as authorized in this title, but not a contract, property right or civil right.

"Overtime parking."  The continuous parking of a vehicle for a period of time exceeding the maximum period established by law.

"Owner."  A person, other than a lienholder, having the property right in or title to a vehicle. The term includes a person entitled to the use and possession of a vehicle subject to a security interest in another person, but excludes a lessee under a lease not intended as security.

"Park" or "parking."

(1)  When permitted, means the temporary storing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, off the roadway.

(2)  When prohibited, means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except momentarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.

"Passenger car."  A motor vehicle, except a motorcycle, designed primarily for the transportation of persons and designed for carrying no more than 15 passengers, including the driver, and primarily used for the transportation of persons. The term includes motor vehicles which are designed with seats that may be readily removed and reinstalled, but does not include such vehicles if used primarily for the transportation of property.

"Pedalcycle."  A vehicle propelled solely by human-powered pedals. The term does not mean a three-wheeled human-powered pedal-driven vehicle with a main driving wheel 20 inches in diameter or under and primarily designed for children six years of age or younger.

"Pedestrian."  A natural person afoot.

"Pennsylvania Turnpike."  The highway system owned and operated by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission.

"Person."  A natural person, firm, copartnership, association or corporation.

"Police officer."  A natural person authorized by law to make arrests for violations of law.

"Private road or driveway."  A way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons.

"Railroad grade crossing."  One or more railroad tracks, but not streetcar tracks, which intersect or cross a highway at the same level or grade.

"Railroad sign or signal."  A sign, signal or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.

"Recall."  To withdraw by formal action of the department for an indefinite period the operating privilege of a person for reasons of incompetency.

"Reconstructed vehicle."  A vehicle, other than an antique or classic vehicle, for which a certificate of salvage was issued and is thereafter restored to operating condition to meet the vehicle equipment and inspection standards under Part IV (relating to vehicle characteristics).

"Recorded image."  An image recorded by an automated red light enforcement system on a photograph, a digital image or any other image-capture technology.

"Recovered theft vehicle."  A vehicle other than an antique or classic vehicle which was reported as stolen but subsequently recovered.

"Recreational trailer."  A trailer designed or adapted and used exclusively for recreational purposes.

"Registered gross weight."

(1)  The maximum gross weight at which a vehicle or combination is registered in this Commonwealth to operate upon a highway, which shall include the weight at which a vehicle or combination is registered for operation in this Commonwealth under any system of proportional registration pursuant to Subchapter C of Chapter 61 (relating to reciprocity).

(2)  For the purposes of Chapter 49 (relating to size, weight and load) and the definition of "motor carrier vehicle," if there is no registered gross weight as defined in paragraph (1), then the term shall mean the maximum gross weight at which a vehicle or combination registered in another state is registered or otherwise authorized to operate by such state.

"Registration."  The authority for a vehicle to operate on a highway as evidenced by the issuance of an identifying card and plate or plates.

"Residence district."  The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on the highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.

"Resident."  A person dwelling permanently or continuously for a period exceeding 60 consecutive days within this Commonwealth, except that a person who regularly dwells in two or more states shall declare residence to be in any one of the states.

"Revoke."  To terminate by formal action of the department any license, registration or privilege issued or granted by the department. Following a period of revocation, the license, registration or privilege may not be restored except upon submission and acceptance of a new application.

"Right-of-way."  The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger or collision unless one grants precedence to the other.

"Roadway."  That portion of a highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the sidewalk, berm or shoulder even though such sidewalk, berm or shoulder is used by pedalcycles. In the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways the term "roadway" refers to each roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.

"Saddle-mount operation."  Any operation in which any truck or truck tractor tows one or more trucks or truck tractors, each connected by a saddle to the frame or fifth wheel of the vehicle in front of it. The saddle is a mechanism that connects the front axle of the towed vehicle to the frame or fifth wheel of the vehicle in front and functions like a fifth wheel kingpin connection.

"Safety seat belt system."  Any strap, webbing or similar device designed to secure a person in a motor vehicle in order to mitigate the results of any accident, including buckles, fasteners and all installation hardware as specified by Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209 (49 C.F.R. § 571.209).

"Safety zone."  The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians.

"Salvage motor vehicle auction or pool operator."  A person who on his own behalf or as an agent for a third party engages in business for the purpose of offering for sale wrecked or salvage motor vehicles through an auction or private bid process to vehicle salvage dealers.

"Salvage vehicle."  A vehicle which is inoperable or unable to meet the vehicle equipment and inspection standards under Part IV (relating to vehicle characteristics) to the extent that the cost of repairs would exceed the value of the repaired vehicle. The term does not include a vehicle which would qualify as an antique or classic vehicle except for its lack of restoration or maintenance.

"Salvor."  A person engaged in the business of acquiring abandoned vehicles for the purpose of taking apart, recycling, selling, rebuilding or exchanging the vehicles or parts thereof.

"School bus."  A motor vehicle which:

(1)  is designed to carry 11 passengers or more, including the driver; and

(2)  is used for the transportation of preprimary, primary or secondary school students to or from public, private or parochial schools or events related to such schools or school-related activities.

The term does not include a motor vehicle used to transport preprimary, primary or secondary school students to or from public, private or parochial schools or events related to such schools or school-related activities, which is designed to carry 11 to 15 passengers, including the driver, and which is registered in this Commonwealth as a bus prior to March 1, 1993, or a motor vehicle which is designed to carry 11 to 15 passengers, including the driver, and which was titled to any public, private or parochial school on or before March 1, 1993, and which is registered to that public, private or parochial school in this Commonwealth as a bus prior to September 15, 1993.

"School vehicle."  A motor vehicle, except a motorcycle, designed for carrying no more than ten passengers, including the driver, and used for the transportation of preprimary, primary or secondary school students while registered by or under contract to a school district or private or parochial school. The term includes vehicles having chartered, group and party rights under the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission and used for the transportation of school children.

"Scrap metal processor."  A person whose principal business is the operation of an establishment having facilities for processing iron, steel or nonferrous scrap metals, and whose principal product is scrap iron, scrap steel or nonferrous scrap for resale for remelting purposes only.

"Second-stage manufacturer."  A person engaged in performing manufacturing operations on an incomplete vehicle produced by a manufacturer.

"Secretary."  The Secretary of Transportation of the Commonwealth.

"Secure power of attorney."  A document printed with security features containing all information required by Federal law and regulations which a transferor may use when a vehicle is transferred to authorize a transferee to disclose odometer mileage in lieu of the transferor completing the odometer information on a certificate of title in the event that the transferor's certificate of title is encumbered by a lienholder.

"Security interest."  An interest in a vehicle reserved or created by agreement which secures payment or performance of an obligation. The term includes the interest of a lessor under a lease intended as security. A security interest is perfected when it is valid against third parties generally, subject only to specific statutory exceptions.

"Semitrailer."  A trailer so constructed that some part of its weight rests upon or is carried by the towing vehicle.

"Serious bodily injury."  Any bodily injury which creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious, permanent disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.

"Shall."  Indicates that an action is required or prohibited.

"Should."  Indicates that an action is advisable but not required.

"Sidewalk."  That portion of a street between curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians.

"Special mobile equipment."

(1)  Vehicles not designed or used primarily for the transportation of persons or property, except for tools and parts necessary for the use and maintenance of the vehicle, and only incidentally operated or moved over a highway.

(2)  Vehicles which have machinery permanently attached shall not carry a load, except for tools and parts necessary for the use and maintenance of the permanently attached machinery and are only incidentally operated or moved over a highway.

(3)  Motor vehicles used primarily for road and bridge maintenance or repair which carry a load of asphalt emulsion or epoxy and aggregate material, that is applied as a finished product by the vehicle's equipment directly to a highway or trafficway for maintenance or repair of the road or bridge surface.

The term includes, but is not limited to, ditch digging apparatus, well boring apparatus; earth moving and road construction and maintenance machinery, such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, snowplows, ditchers, graders, patchers, finishing machines, road rollers, scarifiers, earth moving carryalls, scrapers, power shovels and drag lines; and self-propelled cranes and tractors, other than truck tractors. The term does not include house trailers; dump trucks; or truck-mounted transit mixers, cranes or shovels.

"Specially constructed vehicle."  A vehicle not originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles.

"Stand" or "standing."  When prohibited, means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except momentarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.

"State."  A state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or a province of Canada.

"State designated highway."  A highway or bridge on the system of highways and bridges over which the department has assumed or has been legislatively given jurisdiction.

"Status."  With respect to an abandoned vehicle, a determination by police and a salvor as to the condition or value of the abandoned vehicle. The determination shall be one of the following: vehicle with value, salvage vehicle or nonrepairable vehicle.

"Stinger-steered automobile" or "boat transporter."  A truck tractor-semitrailer combination of a total length not greater than 75 feet exclusive of an overhang of not more than three feet on the front and four feet on the rear of the vehicle configured as a semitrailer combination wherein the fifth wheel is located on a drop frame located behind and below the rearmost axle of the power unit.

"Stop" or "stopping."

(1)  When required, means complete cessation from movement.

(2)  When prohibited, means any halting even momentarily of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic-control sign or signal.

"Streetcar."  A car other than a railroad train for transporting persons or property and operated upon rails.

"Street rod."  A motor vehicle, or a reproduction thereof, with a model year of 1948 or older which has been materially altered or modified by the removal, addition or substitution of essential parts and with a gross weight or registered gross weight of not more than 9,000 pounds.

"Suspend."  To withdraw temporarily by formal action of the department any license, registration or privilege issued or granted by the department. Following a period of suspension, the department shall restore the license, registration or privilege.

"Tandem axle."  Every axle located within eight feet of another axle.

"Taxi."  A motor vehicle designed for carrying no more than eight passengers, exclusive of the driver, on a call and demand service, and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.

"Terminal."  Any location where:

(1)  freight either originates, terminates or is handled in the transportation process; or

(2)  commercial motor carriers maintain operating facilities.

"Theft vehicle."  A vehicle, other than an antique or classic vehicle, which was reported stolen.

"Through highway."  A highway or portion of a highway on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on the through highway in obedience to a stop sign, yield sign or other official traffic-control device when the signs or devices are erected as provided in this title.

"Tire width."  The linear distance between the exteriors of the sidewalls of an uninflated tire, excluding elevations due to labeling, decoration or protective sidebands.

"Tow dolly."  A trailer designed and used exclusively to tow another vehicle by mounting its front or rear wheels on the tow dolly while the other wheels of the towed vehicle remain in contact with the ground.

"Traffic."  Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars and other conveyances, whether singly or together, using any highway for purposes of travel.

"Traffic-control signal."  A device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.

"Trafficway."  The entire width between property lines or other boundary lines of every way or place of which any part is open to the public for purposes of vehicular travel as a matter of right or custom.

"Trailer."  A vehicle designed to be towed by a motor vehicle.

"Transfer."  To change ownership by purchase, gift or any other means.

"Transferee."  A person to whom ownership of a motor vehicle is transferred, by purchase, gift or any means other than by the creation of a security interest, and any person who, as agent, signs an odometer disclosure statement for the transferee.

"Transferor."  A person who transfers his ownership of a motor vehicle by sale, gift or any means other than by the creation of a security interest and any person who, as agent, signs an odometer disclosure statement for the transferor.

"Truck."  A motor vehicle designed primarily for the transportation of property. The term includes motor vehicles designed with seats that may be readily removed and reinstalled if those vehicles are primarily used for the transportation of property.

"Truck-camper."  A structure designed, used or maintained primarily to be loaded or affixed to a motor vehicle to provide a mobile dwelling, sleeping place, office or commercial space.

"Truck tractor."  A motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.

"Urban district."  The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.

"Urban mass transportation system."  A person holding a certificate of the Public Utility Commission or a municipality authority, port authority or transportation authority established under the laws of this Commonwealth that transports persons on schedule over fixed routes and derives over 80% of their intrastate scheduled revenue from scheduled operations within the county in which they have their principal place of business, or contiguous counties.

"Utility trailer."  A trailer, except a recreational trailer, which does not have air brakes.

"Valueless except for salvage."  (Deleted by amendment).

"Vehicle."  Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices used exclusively upon rails or tracks. The term does not include a self-propelled wheelchair or an electrical mobility device operated by and designed for the exclusive use of a person with a mobility-related disability.

"Vehicle identification number" or "VIN."  A combination of numerals or letters or both which the manufacturer assigns to a vehicle for identification purposes, or, in the absence of a manufacturer-assigned number, which the department assigns to a vehicle for identification purposes.

"Work zone."  The area of a highway where construction, maintenance or utility work activities are being conducted which is properly signed as a work zone in accordance with regulations of the Department of Transportation.

"Wrecker."  A motor vehicle designed or constructed and used for the towing of abandoned or disabled vehicles.

"Zero-emission vehicle."  A motor vehicle which produces no emissions of any criteria of pollutants under any operational mode and under any conditions and which meets the applicable Federal motor vehicle safety standards.

75c102v

(Apr. 28, 1978, P.L.202, No.53, eff. 60 days; June 6, 1979, P.L.39, No.12, eff. imd.; June 18, 1980, P.L.223, No.67, eff. imd.; June 18, 1980, P.L.229, No.68, eff. 60 days; Oct. 10, 1980, P.L.791, No.147, eff. imd.; July 10, 1981, P.L.250, No.82, eff. imd.; Mar. 7, 1982, P.L.152, No.49, eff. imd.; June 23, 1982, P.L.605, No.171, eff. imd.; Dec. 15, 1982, P.L.1268, No.289, eff. 30 days; July 7, 1983, P.L.32, No.19, eff. imd.; July 22, 1983, P.L.122, No.32, eff. imd.; Feb. 12, 1984, P.L.26, No.11, eff. Oct. 1, 1984; Feb. 12, 1984, P.L.53, No.12, eff. imd.; Apr. 3, 1984, P.L.181, No.33, eff. 60 days; June 30, 1984, P.L.473, No.99, eff. imd.; July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; June 19, 1985, P.L.49, No.20, eff. 60 days; July 11, 1985, P.L.204, No.52, eff. 60 days; July 11, 1985, P.L.220, No.56, eff. 60 days; July 8, 1986, P.L.432, No.90, eff. 60 days; Nov. 23, 1987, P.L.399, No.82, eff. imd.; Feb. 2, 1990, P.L.2, No.2, eff. 60 days; Mar. 13, 1990, P.L.69, No.14, eff. imd.; May 30, 1990, P.L.173, No.42; June 29, 1990, P.L.259, No.60, eff. imd.; Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. imd.; Apr. 16, 1992, P.L.169, No.31, eff. 60 days; Dec. 14, 1992, P.L.870, No.139, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 1992, P.L.1411, No.174, eff. 60 days; May 20, 1993, P.L.30, No.10; June 28, 1993, P.L.137, No.33, eff. July 1, 1993; July 2, 1993, P.L.408, No.58, eff. imd.; Feb. 10, 1994, P.L.10, No.2, eff. imd.; Dec. 7, 1994, P.L.820, No.115, eff. 60 days; Dec. 28, 1994, P.L.1450, No.172, eff. 60 days; June 13, 1995, P.L.57, No.9, eff. 30 days; July 6, 1995, P.L.246, No.30, eff. 60 days; Dec. 15, 1995, P.L.655, No.72, eff. 60 days; Dec. 20, 1995, P.L.669, No.75, eff. 120 days; July 11, 1996, P.L.660, No.115, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. imd.; June 22, 2001, P.L.411, No.33, eff. 60 days; June 25, 2001, P.L.701, No.68, eff. 60 days; June 26, 2001, P.L.734, No.75, eff. 60 days; July 4, 2002, P.L.692, No.105, eff. 60 days; Oct. 4, 2002, P.L.845, No.123, eff. 60 days; Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152; Dec. 23, 2002, P.L.1982, No.229; Nov. 30, 2004, P.L.1618, No.207, eff. 60 days; Nov. 30, 2004, P.L.1667, No.211, eff. 60 days; Dec. 1, 2004, P.L.1767, No.228, eff. Jan. 1, 2007; July 5, 2005, P.L.100, No.37; July 14, 2005, P.L.285, No.50, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 2007, P.L.436, No.67, eff. 60 days; Nov. 26, 2008, P.L.1658, No.133, eff. 60 days; Aug. 18, 2009, P.L.308, No.37, eff. imd.; Oct. 19, 2010, P.L.557, No.81, eff. 60 days; Nov. 9, 2011, P.L.406, No.98, eff. 120 days; Dec. 22, 2011, P.L.596, No.129, eff. 60 days; Jan. 27, 2012, P.L.1, No.1, eff. 60 days; June 22, 2012, P.L.642, No.67, eff. 60 days; Oct. 24, 2012, P.L.1407, No.174, eff. 60 days; Apr. 18, 2014, P.L.430, No.36, eff. 60 days; June 30, 2014, P.L.814, No.85, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendments.  Act 36 added the def. of "manufactured home" and Act 85 added the def. of "manufactured home." The amendments by Acts 36 and 85 adding the def. of "manufactured home" are substantially the same and have both been given effect in setting forth the text of "manufactured home."

2012 Amendments.  Act 1 amended the def. of "emergency vehicle," Act 67 amended the def. of "emergency vehicle" and added the def. of "emergency canteen support service organization vehicle" and Act 174 amended the defs. of "commercial implement of husbandry" and "multipurpose agricultural vehicle."

2011 Amendments.  Act 98 added the def. of "interactive wireless communications device" and Act 129 amended the def. of "motorcycle."

2010 Amendment.  Act 81 added the defs. of "emergency service responder" and "serious bodily injury." The preamble of Act 81 provided that Act 81 may be referred to as the Sgt. Michael C. Weigand Law.

2008 Amendment.  Act 133 amended the def. of "motor vehicle."

2007 Amendment.  Act 67 amended the defs. of "automated red light enforcement system" and "recorded images."

2005 Amendment.  Act 37 added the def. of "commercial driver." Section 10(2) of Act 37 provided that Act 37 shall take effect 90 days after publication of a notice in the Pennsylvania Bulletin. The notice was published July 16, 2005, at 35 Pa.B. 4029.

2004 Amendments.  Act 207 amended the def. of "issuing authority," added the def. of "magisterial district judge" and deleted the def. of "district justice," Act 211 amended the defs. of "multipurpose agricultural vehicle" and "special mobile equipment" and Act 228 amended the def. of "collectible motor vehicle." See section 28 of Act 207 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to applicability.

2002 Amendments.  Act 105 amended the def. of "motor vehicle" and added the def. of "electric personal assistive mobility device" or "EPAMD," Act 123 added the defs. of "automated red light enforcement system," "house coach" and "recorded images," Act 152 amended the defs. of "abandoned vehicle," "collectible motor vehicle," "essential parts," "reconstructed vehicle," "recovered theft vehicle" and "vehicle identification number" or "VIN," added the defs. of "agent service," "major component parts," "mileage," "modified vehicle," "nonrepairable vehicle," "salvage vehicle," "status" and "theft vehicle" and deleted the def. of "valueless except for salvage," effective immediately as to "nonrepairable vehicle," six months as to "agent service" and 60 days as to the remainder of the section, and Act 229 amended the def. of "motor carrier vehicle" and added the defs. of "active work zone" and "work zone," effective immediately as to "active work zone" and "work zone" and six months as to "motor carrier vehicle."

2001 Amendments.  Act 33 amended the defs. of "commercial implement of husbandry," "farm equipment" and "implement of husbandry," Act 68 added the defs. of "transfer," "transferee" and "transferor" and Act 75 amended the def. of "emergency vehicle" and added the defs. of "ambulance," "blood delivery vehicle," "fire department vehicle," "hazardous material response vehicle" and "human organ delivery vehicle."

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended the defs. of "maxi-cube vehicle," "modular housing unit," "motorized pedalcycle," "passenger car," "registered gross weight," "salvor," "special mobile equipment," "truck" and "vehicle" and added the defs. of "cancel," "manufactured construction unit" and "numbered traffic route."

1996 Amendment.  Act 115 added the def. of "utility trailer."

1995 Amendments.  Act 9 added the def. of "interstate highway," Act 30 added the def. of "second-stage manufacturer," Act 72 amended the def. of "pedalcycle" and Act 75 amended the defs. of "classic motor vehicle" and "emergency vehicle" and added the def. of "collectible motor vehicle."

1994 Amendments.  Act 2 amended the def. of "terminal" and added the defs. of "maxi-cube vehicle," "saddle-mount operation" and "stinger-steered automobile" or "boat transporter," Act 115 added the def. of "secure power of attorney" and deleted the def. of "farm truck" and Act 172 added the def. of "containerized cargo."

1993 Amendments.  Act 10 amended the defs. of "recovered theft vehicle" and "school bus," effective immediately, and amended the defs. of "commercial implement of husbandry" and "implement of husbandry" and added the def. of "farm vehicle," all effective in 60 days, Act 33 amended the def. of "court" and Act 58 amended the defs. of "passenger car" and "school bus."

1992 Amendments.  Act 31 amended the defs. of "emergency vehicle" and "valueless except for junk" and added the def. of "recovered theft vehicle" and Act 139 added the defs. of "electric vehicle," "hybrid electric vehicle" and "zero-emission vehicle."

1990 Amendments.  Act 2 added the def. of "salvage motor vehicle auction or pool operator" and Act 42 amended the defs. of "bus," "passenger car" and "school bus," added the defs. of "limousine," "occupational limited license" and "school vehicle," all effective November 1, 1990, and amended the def. of "classic motor vehicle," effective in 60 days, and Act 60 amended the def. of "street rod."

1987 Amendment.  Act 82 added the def. of "safety seat belt system."

1986 Amendment.  Act 90 amended the def. of "gross weight."

1984 Amendments.  Act 11 deleted the def. of "proof of insurance," Act 12 amended the def. of "local authorities," Act 99 added the def. of "hazardous material" and Act 146 amended the defs. of "bus" and "motor-driven cycle."

1983 Amendments.  Act 19 amended the def. of "registered gross weight" and added the defs. of "converter gear," "terminal" and "tow dolly" and Act 32 amended the def. of "resident." See section 7 of Act 19 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to expiration of amendments authorizing two trailers and long combinations.

1982 Amendments.  Act 49 amended the def. of "mobile home" and added the defs. of "modular housing undercarriage" and "modular housing unit" and Act 289 added the def. of "chemical test or testing."

1980 Amendments.  Act 67 added the def. of "mass transit vehicle" and Act 147 added the defs. of "construction truck" and "tandem axle."

1979 Amendment.  Act 12 added the def. of "articulated bus."

1978 Amendment.  Act 53 amended the def. of "issuing authority" and added the defs. of "court," "district justice" and "general rule."

Cross References.  Section 102 is referred to in sections 2105, 3742.1, 7304.1, 7310 of this title; section 6102 of Title 7 (Banks and Banking); section 6202 of Title 12 (Commerce and Trade); section 5704 of Title 18 (Crimes and Offenses); section 6202 of Title 27 (Environmental Resources); section 901 of Title 30 (Fish); section 901 of Title 34 (Game); section 3571 of Title 42 (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure); section 3732 of Title 62 (Procurement); section 8102 of Title 74 (Transportation).

75c103s

§ 103.  Uniformity of interpretation.

This title shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law throughout this Commonwealth and all political subdivisions.

75c104s

§ 104.  Continuation of existing law (Repealed).

75c104v

 

1978 Repeal.  Section 104 was repealed April 28, 1978, P.L.202, No.53, effective in 60 days.

75c1101h

 

 

PART II

TITLE, REGISTRATION AND LICENSING

 

Chapter

11.  Certificate of Title and Security Interests

13.  Registration of Vehicles

15.  Licensing of Drivers

16.  Commercial Drivers

17.  Financial Responsibility

18.  Motor Vehicle Insurance Fraud

19.  Fees

20.  Motor Vehicle Insurance Rate Review Procedures

21.  Motor Carriers Road Tax Identification Markers

23.  Motor Vehicle Transaction Recovery Fund

 

Enactment.  Part II was added June 17, 1976, P.L.162, No.81, effective July 1, 1977, unless otherwise noted.

 

 

CHAPTER 11

CERTIFICATE OF TITLE AND SECURITY INTERESTS

 

Subchapter

A.  Certificate of Title

B.  Security Interests

C.  Electronic Titling Program

D.  Salvage Vehicles, Theft Vehicles, Reconstructed Vehicles and Flood Vehicles

 

Enactment.  Chapter 11 was added June 17, 1976, P.L.162, No.81, effective July 1, 1977.

Cross References.  Chapter 11 is referred to in sections 1301, 1373, 9405 of this title.

 

 

SUBCHAPTER A

CERTIFICATE OF TITLE

 

Sec.

1101.  Certificate of title required.

1102.  Vehicles not requiring certificate of title.

1103.  Application for certificate of title (Repealed).

1103.1. Application for certificate of title.

1104.  Examination of records upon receipt of application.

1105.  Issuance of certificate of title.

1106.  Content and effect of certificate of title.

1107.  Delivery of certificate of title.

1108.  Registration without certificate of title.

1109.  Refusing issuance of certificate.

1110.  Duplicate certificate of title to replace original.

1111.  Transfer of ownership of vehicle.

1111.1. Transfer of ownership of vehicles used for human habitation.

1112.  Disclosure of odometer reading and tampering with odometer (Repealed).

1113.  Transfer to or from manufacturer or dealer.

1114.  Transfer of vehicle by operation of law.

1115.  Correction of certificate of title.

1116.  Issuance of new certificate following transfer.

1117.  Vehicle destroyed, dismantled, salvaged or recycled (Repealed).

1118.  Suspension and cancellation of certificate of title.

1119.  Application for certificate of title by agent.

75c1101s

§ 1101.  Certificate of title required.

(a)  General rule.--Except as provided in section 1102 (relating to vehicles not requiring certificate of title), every owner of a vehicle which is in this Commonwealth and for which no certificate of title has been issued by the department shall make application to the department for a certificate of title of the vehicle.

(b)  Registration without certificate prohibited.--The department shall not register or renew the registration of a vehicle unless a certificate of title has been issued by the department to the owner or an application for a certificate of title has been delivered by the owner to the department.

(c)  Penalty.--Failure to obtain a certificate of title as required by law is a summary offense.

75c1102s

§ 1102.  Vehicles not requiring certificate of title.

No certificate of title is required for:

(1)  A vehicle owned by the United States unless it is registered in this Commonwealth.

(2)  A golf cart, motor-driven cycle, go-cart or other similar vehicle unless it is registered in this Commonwealth.

(3)  A new vehicle owned by a manufacturer or registered dealer before and until sale.

(4)  A vehicle owned by a nonresident of this Commonwealth and not required by law to be registered in this Commonwealth.

(5)  A vehicle owned by a resident legally required to be registered in another state, based and used principally outside of this Commonwealth, and not required by law to be registered in this Commonwealth.

(6)  A vehicle regularly engaged in the interstate transportation of persons or property for which a currently effective certificate of title has been issued in another state.

(7)  A vehicle moved solely by human or animal power.

(8)  An implement of husbandry unless required to be registered.

(9)  Special mobile equipment unless required to be registered.

(10)  A multipurpose agricultural vehicle.

(11)  A tow dolly.

(12)  An electric personal assistive mobility device.

75c1102v

(Mar. 7, 1982, P.L.152, No.49, eff. imd.; July 11, 1985, P.L.220, No.56, eff. 60 days; Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. imd.; July 4, 2002, P.L.692, No.105, eff. 60 days)

 

2002 Amendment.  Act 105 added par. (12).

1991 Amendment.  Act 26 added par. (11).

1985 Amendment.  Act 56 added par. (10).

1982 Amendment.  Act 49 amended the intro. par. and deleted par. (10).

Cross References.  Section 1102 is referred to in section 1101 of this title.

75c1103s

§ 1103.  Application for certificate of title (Repealed).

75c1103v

 

1990 Repeal.  Section 1103 was repealed June 30, 1990, P.L.266, No.63, effective immediately, and July 10, 1990, P.L.356, No.83, effective immediately.

75c1103.1s

§ 1103.1.  Application for certificate of title.

(a)  Contents of application.--Application for a certificate of title shall be made upon a form prescribed and furnished by the department and shall contain a full description of the vehicle, the vehicle identification number, odometer reading, date of purchase, the actual or bona fide name and address of the owner, a statement of the title of applicant, together with any other information or documents the department requires to identify the vehicle and to enable the department to determine whether the owner is entitled to a certificate of title, and the description of any security interests in the vehicle. Program participants in the Address Confidentiality Program under 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 67 (relating to domestic and sexual violence victim address confidentiality) may use a substitute address designated by the Office of Victim Advocate as their address.

(b)  Signing and filing of application.--Application for a certificate of title shall be made within 20 days of the sale or transfer of a vehicle or its entry into this Commonwealth from another jurisdiction, whichever is later. The application shall be accompanied by the fee prescribed in this title and any tax payable by the applicant under the laws of this Commonwealth in connection with the acquisition or use of a vehicle or evidence to show that the tax has been collected. The application shall be signed and verified by oath or affirmation by the applicant if a natural person; in the case of an association or partnership, by a member or a partner; and in the case of a corporation, by an executive officer or some person specifically authorized by the corporation to sign the application.

(c)  Manufacturer's Statement of Origin for new vehicles.--If the application refers to a new vehicle, it shall be accompanied by the Manufacturer's Statement of Origin for the vehicle.

(d)  Vehicles purchased from dealers.--If the application refers to a vehicle purchased from a dealer, the dealer shall mail or deliver the application to the department within 20 days of the date of purchase. The application shall contain the names and addresses of any lienholders in order of priority and the amounts and the dates of the security agreements and be assigned by the dealer to the owner and signed by the owner. Any dealer violating this subsection is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $50 for each violation. The requirement that the dealer mail or deliver the application to the department does not apply to vehicles purchased by fleet owners or governmental or quasi-governmental agencies.

(d.1)  Presumption of receipt and grace period prior to prosecution.--Within one business day of receiving an application referring to a vehicle purchased from a dealer, the department shall stamp the application with a work identification number, which shall include the year and day that the application was received at the department. In determining whether a dealer has submitted an application in accordance with subsection (d), an additional ten-day period shall be calculated and allotted to the dealer to account for any possible delay of the mail or by the department in timely stamping an application as to the year and day received. No issuing authority or court shall extend this period. An application, or copy thereof certified by the department, which displays the stamped work identification document number shall be accepted by any issuing authority or court in any proceeding as prima facie evidence of the date that the application was received by the department. If the displayed stamp is not legible, a certification by the department of the date that the application was received shall be accepted by the issuing authority or court as prima facie evidence of that date.

(e)  Out-of-State vehicles.--If the application refers to a vehicle last previously titled or registered in another state or country, the following information shall be contained in or accompany the application or be forwarded in support of the application as required by the department:

(1)  Any certificate of title issued by the other state or country.

(2)  A tracing of the vehicle identification number taken from the official number plate or, where it is impossible to secure a legible tracing, verification that the vehicle identification number of the vehicle has been inspected and found to conform to the description given in the application. The department shall provide by regulation the persons who are authorized to verify vehicle identification numbers under this paragraph.

(3)  Any other information and documents the department reasonably requires to establish the ownership of the vehicle and the existence or nonexistence of security interests in the vehicle.

(f)  Foreign vehicles owned by military personnel.--If the application refers to a vehicle last previously registered in another country by a person on active duty in the armed forces of the United States, the department may accept a complete form issued by the United States Department of Defense as evidence of ownership.

(g)  Specially constructed, reconstructed or modified vehicles.--If the vehicle to be titled is a specially constructed, reconstructed or modified vehicle, that fact shall be stated in the application. The department may promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to the titling of specially constructed, reconstructed or modified vehicles.

(g.1)  Verification.--In lieu of notarization of any document required to be submitted with the application for certificate of title, the department shall accept the verification of a person's signature by a wholesale vehicle auction licensed by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons or its employee, or an issuing agent who is licensed as a vehicle dealer by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons, or its employee. The name and identification number and the signature of the issuing agent or wholesale vehicle auction or respective employee shall be written in the space reserved for a notarization or verification. If an issuing agent or wholesale vehicle auction or respective employee falsely verifies a person's signature, the department shall suspend the issuing agent's or wholesale vehicle auction's authority to issue temporary registration plates and cards for not less than 30 days. When verification is used in lieu of notarization, the issuing agent or its employee shall verify a person's identity by using at least one form of government-issued photo identification. A copy of the form of identification used shall be maintained by the issuing agent for a period of three years from the date of the verification.

(h)  Penalties.--Any person who falsely verifies a signature under subsection (g.1) or a vehicle identification number under subsection (e)(2) or who verifies a vehicle identification number without being authorized as provided in subsection (e)(2) commits a summary offense punishable by a fine of $300.

75c1103.1v

(June 30, 1990, P.L.266, No.63, eff. imd.; July 10, 1990, P.L.356, No.83, eff. imd.; Dec. 7, 1994, P.L.820, No.115, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, eff. 60 days; Nov. 30, 2004, P.L.1474, No.188, eff. 180 days; July 14, 2005, P.L.285, No.50, eff. 60 days)

 

2005 Amendment.  Act 50 amended subsec. (g.1).

2004 Amendment.  Act 188 amended subsec. (a).

2002 Amendment.  Act 152 amended subsecs. (g) and (g.1).

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsec. (h) and added subsec. (g.1).

1994 Amendment.  Act 115 added subsec. (d.1).

1990 Amendments.  Acts 63 and 83 added section 1103.1. The amendments by Acts 63 and 83 are identical except for a reference by Act 83 in subsecs. (b) and (d) to "20 days" which has been given effect in setting forth the text of section 1103.1.

Cross References.  Section 1103.1 is referred to in sections 1111, 6308 of this title.

75c1104s

§ 1104.  Examination of records upon receipt of application.

The department, upon receiving an application for a certificate of title, shall check the vehicle identification number shown in the application against the records of vehicles required to be maintained under section 1105 (relating to issuance of certificate of title) and against the record of stolen vehicles required to be maintained under section 7114 (relating to records of stolen vehicles). If the record indicates that the vehicle is stolen, the application and accompanying documents may be retained by the department pending investigation.

75c1105s

§ 1105.  Issuance of certificate of title.

(a)  General rule.--The department shall file each application received and, when satisfied as to the genuineness and regularity of the application and that the applicant is entitled to the issuance of a certificate of title, shall issue a certificate of title for the vehicle. The department shall use reasonable diligence in ascertaining whether or not the facts stated in the application are true.

(b)  Maintenance of records.--The department shall maintain a record of all certificates of title issued by the department as follows:

(1)  Under a distinctive title number assigned to the vehicle.

(2)  Under the vehicle identification number.

(3)  Alphabetically, under the name of the owner.

(4)  In the discretion of the department, by any other method determined by the department.

(c)  Title transfer odometer readings.--The department shall compare the odometer reading of the vehicle each time a certificate of title is transferred and ascertain the reported mileage against the most recent previously reported mileage for the vehicle.

75c1105v

(June 14, 1983, P.L.16, No.8, eff. 60 days)

 

1983 Amendment.  Act 8 added subsec. (c).

Cross References.  Section 1105 is referred to in section 1104 of this title.

75c1106s

§ 1106.  Content and effect of certificate of title.

(a)  Vehicle identification and encumbrances.--A certificate of title shall contain such description and other evidence of identification of the vehicle for which it is issued as the department may deem necessary and the odometer reading, together with a statement of any liens or encumbrances, including the names of the holder or holders of the liens or encumbrances and any indication of special use or condition set forth under subsection (b).

(b)  Indication of special use or condition.--No person shall assign a certificate of title to any vehicle unless the certificate clearly contains notice of the use or condition if the vehicle is or has been:

(1)  used as a police car;

(2)  used as a taxicab for the transport of passengers, for hire, having a seating capacity of nine or fewer passengers;

(3)  an abandoned vehicle;

(4)  a flood vehicle;

(5)  a modified vehicle;

(6)  a reconstructed vehicle;

(7)  a specially constructed vehicle;

(8)  a recovered theft vehicle or a theft vehicle;

(9)  a vehicle originally manufactured for intended distribution outside the United States;

(10)  bearing a VIN plate differing from its original; or

(11)  a motor vehicle returned to a vehicle dealer or manufacturer pursuant to the act of March 28, 1984 (P.L.150, No.28), known as the Automobile Lemon Law.

Indication of the use or condition shall be deemed part of the description of the vehicle. Any person violating this subsection commits a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $200.

(c)  Certificate as evidence and notice.--A certificate of title issued by the department is prima facie evidence of the facts appearing on the certificate. The certificate shall be adequate notice to the Commonwealth, creditors, subsequent lienholders and purchasers that a lien against the vehicle exists. The printed name of the secretary shall constitute a signature on the certificate.

75c1106v

(June 14, 1983, P.L.16, No.8, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 1992, P.L.1411, No.174, eff. 60 days; Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, eff. 60 days)

 

2002 Amendment.  Act 152 amended subsecs. (a) and (b).

1992 Amendment.  Act 174 amended subsec. (c).

75c1107s

§ 1107.  Delivery of certificate of title.

The certificate of title shall be mailed to the first lienholder or encumbrancer named in the certificate or, if there is no lienholder or encumbrancer, the title shall be mailed or delivered to the owner in accordance with the department regulations.

75c1108s

§ 1108.  Registration without certificate of title.

If the department is not satisfied as to the ownership of the vehicle or that there are no undisclosed security interests in the vehicle, the department may register the vehicle but shall withhold issuance of a certificate of title until the applicant presents documents reasonably sufficient to satisfy the department as to the ownership by the applicant of the vehicle and that there are no undisclosed security interests in the vehicle.

75c1109s

§ 1109.  Refusing issuance of certificate.

The department may refuse issuance of a certificate of title or certificate of salvage when it has reasonable grounds to believe:

(1)  That any required fee has not been paid.

(2)  That any taxes payable under the laws of this Commonwealth on or in connection with, or resulting from, the acquisition or use of the vehicle have not been paid.

(3)  That the applicant is not the owner of the vehicle.

(4)  That the application contains a false or fraudulent statement.

(5)  That the applicant has failed to furnish required information or documents or any additional information the department reasonably requires.

(6)  That the vehicle is a nonrepairable vehicle.

75c1109v

(Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152)

 

2002 Amendment.  Act 152 amended the entire section, effective immediately as to par. (6) and 60 days as to the remainder of the section.

75c1110s

§ 1110.  Duplicate certificate of title to replace original.

(a)  Application for duplicate.--In the event of a lost, destroyed, defaced, stolen or illegible certificate of title, application for a duplicate may be made by furnishing information satisfactory to the department upon a form prescribed and furnished by the department. The form shall be signed by the first lienholder or, if none, the owner or legal representative of the owner, verified by oath or affirmation of the applicant, accompanied by the fee provided in this title.

(b)  Status of original and duplicate.--If the original certificate of title is found after the duplicate is issued, the original title shall be returned to the department with an explanation. Only the duplicate title is valid once issued. Subsequent transfer of ownership can be made only on the duplicate.

75c1111s

§ 1111.  Transfer of ownership of vehicle.

(a)  Duty of transferor.--In the event of the sale or transfer of the ownership of a vehicle within this Commonwealth, the owner shall execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate or as the department prescribes, sworn to before a notary public or other officer empowered to administer oaths or verified by a wholesale vehicle auction licensed by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons, or its employee, or an issuing agent who is licensed as a vehicle dealer by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons, or its employee, and deliver the certificate to the transferee at the time of the delivery of the vehicle.

(a.1)  Exception for dealers.--When a certificate of title for a vehicle acquired by a licensed dealer for the purpose of resale is encumbered by a lien or when there is a manufacturer's statement of origin for a new vehicle, delivery of the certificate of title or manufacturer's statement of origin by the dealer as a transferor at the time of delivery of the vehicle upon resale shall not be required if, prior to delivery of the vehicle, the dealer obtains the applicable powers of attorney to properly execute transfer of the title or manufacturer's statement of origin and the dealer requests and receives the departmental verification of any lienholders, ownership, odometer information and title brands, on titled vehicles, and any other information that the department deems necessary to be verified. Upon payment of the established fee, the department shall provide the dealer or authorized messenger service with verification of the required information. The department may supply the verified information by either written or electronic means. The application and a properly assigned certificate of title or manufacturer's statement of origin shall be delivered to the department within the time period prescribed by section 1103.1 (relating to application for certificate of title). If a dealer sells a vehicle after verification of the required information for a certificate of title encumbered by a lien, but fails to satisfy the lien or deliver an assignment and warranty of title to the dealer's transferee within 90 days of the date of purchase, and this failure is the result of an act or omission by the dealer, the dealer shall accept return of the vehicle from the transferee and shall refund the purchase price less actual depreciation of the vehicle while it was within the possession of the transferee. In refunding the purchase price, the price shall include the listed dollar value of any trade-in vehicle as stated in the sales transaction document in lieu of returning the transferee's trade-in vehicle.

(a.2)  Exception for sales at licensed wholesale auctions.--In the event of the offering for sale or transfer of a vehicle between automobile dealers licensed by this Commonwealth or another state at a wholesale vehicle auction which is licensed by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons as a wholesale vehicle auction, the licensed dealer need not execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee at the time of the offering of the vehicle for sale if, prior to the offering of the sale of the vehicle, it is noted that the title is not present. The transferor shall deliver a properly assigned and warranted title to that transferee within ten days of the date that the vehicle was offered for sale, and the sale shall not be consummated until the transferor has delivered the title to the transferee.

(b)  Duty of transferee.--Except as otherwise provided in section 1113 (relating to transfer to or from manufacturer or dealer), the transferee shall, within 20 days of the assignment or reassignment of the certificate of title, apply for a new title by presenting to the department the properly completed certificate of title, sworn to before a notary public or other officer empowered to administer oaths or verified before an issuing agent, who is licensed as a vehicle dealer by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons, or its employee, and accompanied by such forms as the department may require.

(b.1)  Transfers relating to the RESET program.--A motor vehicle transferred to the Commonwealth or a political subdivision for use in the RESET program administered under section 405.1 of the act of June 13, 1967 (P.L.31, No.21), known as the Public Welfare Code, shall not be subject to sales or use tax under Article II of the act of March 4, 1971 (P.L.6, No.2), known as the Tax Reform Code of 1971, upon the removal of the vehicle from inventory by any:

(1)  motor vehicle dealer, importer or wholesaler; or

(2)  "broker," "dealer" or "distributor," as defined in section 2 of the act of December 22, 1983 (P.L.306, No.84), known as the Board of Vehicles Act.

(c)  Penalty.--Any person violating subsection (a) shall be guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced:

(1)  For a first offense, to pay a fine of $100.

(2)  For a subsequent offense, to pay a fine of not less than $300 nor more than $1,000.

75c1111v

(July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; Dec. 20, 1995, P.L.666, No.74; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; July 14, 2005, P.L.285, No.50, eff. 60 days; Oct. 24, 2012, P.L.1431, No.178, eff. 60 days)

 

2012 Amendment.  Act 178 amended subsecs. (a.1) and (b).

2005 Amendment.  Act 50 amended subsec. (a).

Cross References.  Section 1111 is referred to in sections 1113, 1161, 6308 of this title.

75c1111.1s

§ 1111.1.  Transfer of ownership of vehicles used for human habitation.

(a)  Tax status certification.--If a mobile home or manufactured home that has been anchored to the ground to facilitate connections with electricity, water and sewerage, and previously titled to a person using the mobile home or manufactured home as a residence, is offered for sale or transfer, the transferor shall obtain a tax status certification from the tax claim bureau of the county in which the mobile home or manufactured home is situated showing the real estate taxes due on the mobile home or manufactured home, as shown by the bureau's records as of the date of the certification. The tax status certification shall be provided to the transferee and the department in conjunction with the transfer of the mobile home or manufactured home and shall include the following:

(1)  The parcel number assigned to the vehicle.

(2)  The amount of current or delinquent taxes owed from the parcel number.

(3)  The date upon which a tax for the parcel number will accrue and the taxing period that the tax will cover.

(4)  The addresses and telephone numbers of the tax collection authority and tax claim bureau or equivalent office.

(b)  Certification obtained by third party.--The transferor may request a notary public or other officer empowered to administer oaths or a vehicle dealer or its employee licensed by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons and authorized by the department to complete certificate of title transfer paperwork to obtain the tax status certification on his behalf. The person or entity obtaining the tax status certification on behalf of the transferor may recoup the fee paid for each certification from the transferor and is not liable to the transferor, transferee or the tax claim bureau or equivalent office of the county in which a mobile home or manufactured home is situated for an error or omission on the tax status certification or for payment of a tax due.

(c)  Real estate taxes due.--If taxes are due from the mobile home or manufactured home, the transferor shall pay the delinquent real estate taxes in full or cause the taxes to be paid in full and an updated tax status certification must be obtained and provided to the transferee and the department before the transfer is completed. Payment of delinquent real estate taxes shall be made in accordance with section 204 of the act of July 7, 1947 (P.L.1368, No.542), known as the Real Estate Tax Sale Law.

(d)  Tax liability.--If any tax status certification incorrectly indicates that a tax has been paid or that less than the true and correct amount is owed and a transferor, transferee or third party securing the certification acts in reliance upon such representations, the transferor, transferee or third party shall not be liable for the amount of the error. If a tax certification is requested in connection with a particular transfer or sale of a mobile home or manufactured home, the parties to the transaction shall be presumed to have acted in reliance upon the representations in the certification.

(e)  Issuance of certification.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law and regardless of the timing of a tax due to accrue to the mobile home or manufactured home, the tax claim bureau or an equivalent office shall issue a tax status certification as provided in this section upon request by the transferor or transferor's agent.

75c1111.1v

(Apr. 18, 2014, P.L.430, No.36, eff. 60 days; June 30, 2014, P.L.814, No.85, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendments.  Act 36 added section 1111.1 and Act 85 amended subsec. (a).

75c1112s

§ 1112.  Disclosure of odometer reading and tampering with odometer (Repealed).

75c1112v

 

1983 Repeal.  Section 1112 was repealed June 14, 1983, P.L.16, No.8, effective in 60 days. The subject matter is now contained in Subchapter D of Chapter 71 of this title.

75c1113s

§ 1113.  Transfer to or from manufacturer or dealer.

(a)  Transfer to manufacturer or dealer.--When the purchaser or transferee of a vehicle is a manufacturer or registered dealer who holds the vehicle for resale, a certificate of title need not be applied for as provided for in section 1111 (relating to transfer of ownership of vehicle), but the transferee shall, within seven days from the date of assignment of the certificate of title to the manufacturer or dealer, forward to the department, upon a form prescribed and furnished by the department, notification of the acquisition of the vehicle. Notification in lieu of applying for a certificate of title as authorized in this section may not be used in excess of three consecutive transactions after which time an application shall be made for a certificate of title. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a transferee of a motor vehicle shall apply for a certificate of title no later than six months from the date of the assignment.

(b)  Execution and display of notice of transfer.--The manufacturer or dealer making notification as to any vehicle acquired pursuant to subsection (a) shall execute at least two copies, the original of which shall be forwarded to the department, and one copy shall be retained by the manufacturer or dealer for at least one year after a subsequent transfer, to be exhibited, with a copy of the assigned certificate of title, upon request of any police officer or authorized department employee.

(c)  Transfer from manufacturer or dealer.--Except as otherwise provided in this section when the transferee is another manufacturer or dealer:

(1)  The manufacturer or dealer, upon transferring their interest in the vehicle, shall execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate or as the department prescribes.

(2)  The transferee shall complete the application for certificate of title in the name of the transferee.

(3)  The manufacturer or dealer shall forward the certificate of title and any other required forms to the department within 20 days of the transfer.

(d)  Exception for repossessed vehicles.--This section does not apply to a vehicle repossessed upon default of performance of a lease, contract of conditional sale or similar agreement.

(e)  Penalty.--Any manufacturer or dealer violating any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $50 for each violation.

75c1113v

(July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; July 10, 1990, P.L.356, No.83, eff. 30 days; Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. imd.; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days)

 

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsecs. (a), (b) and (c).

Cross References.  Section 1113 is referred to in sections 1111, 1952, 6308, 7134 of this title.

75c1114s

§ 1114.  Transfer of vehicle by operation of law.

(a)  General rule.--If the interest of an owner in a vehicle passes to another other than by voluntary transfer, the transferee shall, except as otherwise provided, promptly mail or deliver to the department the last certificate of title, if available, and shall apply for a new certificate of title on a form prescribed and furnished by the department. The application shall be accompanied by such instruments or documents of authority, or certified copies thereof, as may be sufficient or required by law to evidence or effect a transfer of title or interest in or to chattels in such case.

(b)  Transfer to surviving spouse.--Transfer of a certificate of title to a surviving spouse, or any person designated by the spouse, may be made without the necessity of filing for letters of administration notwithstanding the fact that there are minor children surviving the decedent provided the surviving spouse files an affidavit that all the debts of the decedent have been paid.

(c)  Surrender of certificate.--A person holding a certificate of title whose interest in a vehicle has been extinguished or transferred other than by voluntary transfer shall immediately surrender the certificate of title to the person to whom the right to possession of the vehicle has passed. Upon request of the department, such person shall mail or deliver the certificate to the department. Delivery of the certificate pursuant to the request of the department does not affect the rights of the person surrendering the certificate.

75c1114v

 

Saved from Suspension.  Pennsylvania Rule of Civil Procedure for District Justices No. 482(10), as amended April 25, 1979, provided that section 1114 shall not be deemed suspended or affected. Rules 401 through 482 relate to execution of judgments for the payment of money rendered by district justices. Act 207 of 2004 changed justices of the peace to magisterial district judges. Rule 482 can now be found in Rules of Conduct, Office Standards and Civil Procedure for Magisterial District Judges.

Pennsylvania Rule of Civil Procedure No. 3159(b)(11), adopted April 20, 1998, provided that section 1114 shall not be deemed suspended or affected by Rules 3101 through 3149 relating to enforcement of money judgments for the payment of money.

Cross References.  Section 1114 is referred to in sections 1902, 6308 of this title; sections 1957, 8580, 8965 of Title 15 (Corporations and Unincorporated Associations).

75c1115s

§ 1115.  Correction of certificate of title.

(a)  General rule.--When any certificate of title has been issued in error to a person not entitled to the certificate or contains incorrect information or information has been omitted from the certificate, the department shall notify in writing the person to whom the certificate has been issued or delivered that the certificate has been recalled. Unless a departmental hearing is requested pursuant to subsection (a.1), such person shall immediately return the certificate of title within ten days, together with any other information necessary for the adjustment of departmental records, and, upon receipt of the certificate, the department shall cancel the certificate and issue a corrected certificate of title.

(a.1)  Opportunity for hearing and appeal.--The department's notice of recall shall advise the person to whom the certificate has been issued that said person may request an informal departmental hearing within ten days of the date of said notice if said person wishes to contest the recall. If an informal departmental hearing is requested within ten days, said hearing shall be held within 15 days of said request. If, as a result of the hearing, the department determines that the recall was proper, the person to whom the certificate of title was issued or delivered shall return the certificate of title within ten days of the determination. Such person may appeal the informal departmental determination by requesting, within ten days of the date of the determination, a formal hearing as prescribed by departmental regulations (pertaining to administrative practice and procedure).

(b)  Change in material information on certificate.--If any material information on the certificate of title is changed or different from the information originally set forth, the owner shall immediately inform the department and apply for a corrected certificate of title. For the purposes of this subsection, a change of address shall not be deemed material.

(b.1)  Change in name on certificate.--Whenever there is a change of name because of marriage or divorce, the owner shall not be required to apply for a corrected certificate of title but shall, in such manner as the department shall prescribe, inform the department of the new name and of the title number of every vehicle titled in the owner's former name. Upon receipt of such information, the department shall correct the vehicle record of the owner to indicate the name change. The department shall not be required to produce a new certificate of title for a name change because of marriage or divorce, unless the owner submits an application for a new certificate of title. In the event that the owner submits an application for a new certificate of title, such owner shall be required to remit the fee set forth in section 1952 (relating to certificate of title) for the issuance of a certificate of title by the department.

(c)  Seizure of certificate on conviction.--(Deleted by amendment).

(d)  Issuance of corrected certificate after seizure or cancellation.--Upon failure of a person to return a certificate of title as required by the provisions of this section, the department may delegate authority to any department employee or police officer to seize the certificate of title. Upon failure of the department to receive, as required by this section, the certificate of title to which a person is not entitled or which contains incorrect or omitted information, the department may proceed to cancel the certificate of title issued in error and, upon receipt of sufficient evidence that the vehicle is within the possession of the proper owner or lienholder, may issue to the proper owner or lienholder a correct certificate of title.

(e)  Penalty.--Any person violating this section shall be guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $300.

75c1115v

(July 2, 1993, P.L.408, No.58, eff. imd.; Feb. 10, 1994, P.L.10, No.2, eff. imd.; Dec. 20, 1995, P.L.669, No.75, eff. 120 days)

 

1995 Amendment.  Act 75 added subsec. (b.1).

1994 Amendment.  Act 2 amended subsec. (a).

75c1116s

§ 1116.  Issuance of new certificate following transfer.

(a)  Voluntary transfer.--The department, upon receipt of a properly assigned certificate of title with an application for a new certificate of title, the required fee and any other required documents and articles, shall issue a new certificate of title in the name of the transferee as owner and mail it to the first lienholder named in the certificate or, if none, to the owner.

(b)  Involuntary transfer.--The department, upon receipt of an application for a new certificate of title by a transferee other than by voluntary transfer, on a form prescribed and furnished by the department together with proper proof satisfactory to the department of the transfer, the required fee and any other required documents and articles, shall issue a new certificate of title in the name of the transferee as owner.

(c)  Filing and retention of surrendered certificate.--The department shall file and retain for five years every surrendered certificate of title, or a copy, in such a manner as to permit the tracing of title of the vehicle.

75c1116v

 

Saved from Suspension.  Pennsylvania Rule of Civil Procedure for District Justices No. 482(10), as amended April 25, 1979, provided that section 1116(b) shall not be deemed suspended or affected. Rules 401 through 482 relate to execution of judgments for the payment of money rendered by district justices. Act 207 of 2004 changed justices of the peace to magisterial district judges. Rule 482 can now be found in the Rules of Conduct, Office Standards and Civil Procedure for Magisterial District Judges.

Pennsylvania Rule of Civil Procedure No. 3159(b)(11), adopted April 20, 1998, provided that section 1116 shall not be deemed suspended or affected by Rules 3101 through 3149 relating to enforcement of money judgments for the payment of money.

Cross References.  Section 1116 is referred to in sections 1957, 8580, 8965 of Title 15 (Corporations and Unincorporated Associations).

75c1117s

§ 1117.  Vehicle destroyed, dismantled, salvaged or recycled (Repealed).

75c1117v

 

2002 Repeal.  Section 1117 was repealed December 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, effective in 60 days.

75c1118s

§ 1118.  Suspension and cancellation of certificate of title.

(a)  Return of new vehicle.--The department may cancel the certificate of title issued for a new vehicle when it is shown by satisfactory evidence that the vehicle has been returned within the time specified in the department regulations to the manufacturer or dealer from whom obtained.

(b)  Vehicles sold to nonresidents or abandoned, nonrepairable or salvage.--The department may cancel certificates of title for vehicles sold to residents of other states or foreign countries when the vehicle is to be registered in the other jurisdiction or for an abandoned vehicle processed under this title or a nonrepairable or salvage vehicle.

(c)  Surrender of Pennsylvania certificate in other jurisdiction.--The department, upon receipt of notification from another state or foreign country that a certificate of title issued by the department has been surrendered by the owner in conformity with the laws of the other state or foreign country, may cancel the certificate of title.

(d)  Surrender of foreign certificate to department.--When an owner surrenders a certificate of title from another state or foreign country to the department, the department may notify the state or foreign country in order that the certificate of title may be cancelled or otherwise disposed of in accordance with the law of the other jurisdiction.

(e)  Conviction for misstatement of facts.--The department, upon receipt of certification from the clerk of any court showing conviction for a misstatement of facts on any application for an original or duplicate certificate of title or any transfer of a certificate of title, shall suspend the certificate of title and require that the certificate be returned immediately to the department, whereupon the department may cancel the certificate.

(f)  Nonpayment of fee.--The department may suspend a certificate of title when a check received in payment of the fee is not paid on demand or when the fee for the certificate is unpaid and owing.

(g)  Security interest unaffected by suspension or cancel- lation.--Suspension or cancellation of a certificate of title does not, in itself, affect the validity of a security interest noted on the certificate.

(h)  Surrender of certificate.--The department may request the return of certificates of title which have been suspended or cancelled. The owner or person in possession of the certification of title shall immediately mail or deliver the certificate to the department.

75c1118v

(Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, eff. 60 days)

 

2002 Amendment.  Act 152 amended subsec. (b).

75c1119s

§ 1119.  Application for certificate of title by agent.

(a)  Authorization to make application.--

(1)  Except as provided in paragraph (2), no person shall make application for a certificate of title when acting for another person unless authorization to make the application is in effect and is verified by oath or affirmation of the other person, made not more than 90 days before the application is received by the department.

(2)  The 90-day provision contained in paragraph (1) shall not apply to:

(i)  Fleet owners who are lessees of vehicles.

(ii)  A wholesale vehicle auction licensed pursuant to the act of December 22, 1983 (P.L.306, No.84), known as the Board of Vehicles Act.

(iii)  Blanket powers of attorney issued for general purposes not limited to the sale, purchase or transfer of vehicles.

(b)  Certificate not to be assigned in blank.--No person shall make application for, or assign or physically possess, a certificate of title, or direct or allow another person in his employ or control to make application for, or assign or physically possess, a certificate of title, unless the name of the transferee is placed on the assignment of certificate of title simultaneously with the name of the transferor and duly notarized. Wholesale vehicle auctions and vehicle dealers licensed pursuant to the Board of Vehicles Act are exempt from the limitations of this subsection with respect to certificates of title for vehicles that are entrusted to the licensed wholesale vehicle auction for sale or transfer.

(c)  Persons authorized to hold certificate.--

(1)  No person shall receive, obtain or hold a certificate of title recorded in the name of another person for the other person who is not in the regular employ of, or not a member of the family of, the other person.

(2)  The following persons are exempt from the limitations of paragraph (1):

(i)  A lienholder who has a valid undischarged lien recorded in the department against the vehicle represented by the certificate of title.

(ii)  A vehicle auction, licensed pursuant to the act of December 22, 1983 (P.L.306, No.84), known as the Board of Vehicles Act, when offering vehicles for sale.

(iii)  A vehicle dealer, licensed pursuant to the Board of Vehicles Act, offering a vehicle for sale pursuant to a written consignment agreement with the transferor.

(d)  Penalty.--Any person violating any of the provisions of this section is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $100.

75c1119v

(May 21, 1992, P.L.244, No.37, eff. 60 days; July 11, 1996, P.L.660, No.115, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. imd.; Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, eff. 60 days; July 14, 2005, P.L.285, No.50, eff. 60 days)

 

2005 Amendment.  Act 50 amended subsecs. (a) and (b).

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsec. (c)(2)(ii) and (iii).

1996 Amendment.  Act 115 amended subsec. (c).

Cross References.  Section 1119 is referred to in section 6308 of this title; section 5601 of Title 20 (Decedents, Estates and Fiduciaries).

75c1131h

 

 

SUBCHAPTER B

SECURITY INTERESTS

 

Sec.

1131.  Applicability of subchapter.

1132.  Perfection of security interest (Deleted by amendment).

1132.1. Perfection of a security interest in a vehicle.

1133.  Creation of security interest for titled vehicle (Deleted by amendment).

1134.  Assignment by lienholder of security interest.

1135.  Satisfaction of security interest.

1136.  Duty of lienholder to disclose pertinent information.

1137.  Subchapter exclusive for perfecting security interest.

1138.  Duration of perfection.

1139.  Terminal rental adjustment clauses.

1140.  Cancellation of certificate of title or ownership for mobile home.

75c1131s

§ 1131.  Applicability of subchapter.

This subchapter does not apply to or affect:

(1)  A lien given by statute or rule of law to a supplier of services or materials for the vehicle.

(2)  A lien given by statute to the United States, the Commonwealth or any political subdivision.

(3)  A security interest in a vehicle which is inventory held for sale or lease by a person or leased by that person as lessor and that person is in the business of selling goods of that kind.

(4)  Any vehicle for which a certificate of title is not required under this chapter.

75c1131v

(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001)

 

2001 Amendment.  Act 18 amended par. (3).

75c1132s

§ 1132.  Perfection of security interest (Deleted by amendment).

75c1132v

 

2001 Amendment.  Section 1132 was deleted by amendment June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, effective July 1, 2001.

75c1132.1s

§ 1132.1.  Perfection of a security interest in a vehicle.

(a)  Perfection.--A security interest in a vehicle titled in this Commonwealth is perfected at the time the department receives all of the following:

(1)  A completed application specifying the lienholder's name and address. Program participants in the Address Confidentiality Program under 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 67 (relating to domestic and sexual violence victim address confidentiality) may use a substitute address designated by the Office of Victim Advocate as their address.

(2)  An amount equal to or greater than the fee required by section 1953 (relating to security interest).

(3)  The manufacturer's statement of origin or the existing certificate of title for the vehicle.

(b)  Duty of a lienholder.--If an additional security interest in a vehicle titled in this Commonwealth is being created by the owner of the vehicle and the certificate of title is in the possession of a lienholder, the lienholder shall, at the request of the owner, deliver the certificate of title to the person perfecting the security interest in the vehicle. Upon receipt of the certificate of title, the person perfecting the security interest in the vehicle shall deliver the certificate of title to the department in accordance with subsection (a).

(c)  Work identification number.--Upon receipt of items required in subsection (a), the department shall assign or place a work identification number on each of the items. The first two numbers in the work identification number shall indicate the year in which the items were received. The next three numbers in the work identification number shall indicate the day of the year the items were received. The date indicated in the work identification number shall constitute conclusive evidence of the date of receipt and the date of perfection.

(d)  Delivery of certificate of title.--Upon perfection of a security interest in a vehicle, the department shall issue a certificate of title with the names of the first two lienholders and indicate the number of additional lienholders existing at that time. The department shall mail the certificate of title to the first lienholder named in the certificate of title.

75c1132.1v

(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001; Nov. 30, 2004, P.L.1474, No.188, eff. 180 days)

 

2004 Amendment.  Act 188 amended subsec. (a).

2001 Amendment.  Act 18 added section 1132.1.

75c1133s

§ 1133.  Creation of security interest for titled vehicle (Deleted by amendment).

75c1133v

 

2001 Amendment.  Section 1133 was deleted by amendment June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, effective July 1, 2001.

75c1134s

§ 1134.  Assignment by lienholder of security interest.

(a)  General rule.--A lienholder may assign, absolutely or otherwise, his security interest in the vehicle to a person other than the owner without affecting the interest of the owner or the validity or perfection of the security interest but any person without notice of the assignment is protected in dealing with the lienholder as the holder of the security interest and the lienholder remains liable for any obligations as lienholder under this chapter until the assignee is named as lienholder on the certificate of title.

(b)  Duty of assignee.--The assignee shall deliver to the department the certificate of title and an assignment by the lienholder named in the certificate of title on a form prescribed and furnished by the department and accompanied by the required fee. Failure of the assignee to make the delivery shall not affect the validity or perfection of the security interest.

(c)  Division 9.--The provisions of this subchapter are subject to 13 Pa.C.S. § 9308(e) (relating to when security interest or agricultural lien is perfected; continuity of perfection).

75c1134v

(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001)

75c1135s

§ 1135.  Satisfaction of security interest.

(a)  Absence of subsequent liens.--Where there are no subsequent liens upon a vehicle, the following rules apply upon the satisfaction of a security interest in the vehicle:

(1)  The outstanding certificate of title shall be mailed or delivered immediately to the owner of the vehicle with proper evidence of satisfaction and release or the lienholder may apply for corrected title to be issued in the name of the owner.

(2)  The owner may mail or deliver the certificate of title with proper evidence of satisfaction of the security interest to the department which shall issue a corrected certificate of title without a statement of liens or encumbrances. The corrected certificate of title may also be issued when the outstanding certificate of title cannot be returned and proper evidence is produced that all recorded security interests have been satisfied.

(b)  Prior or subsequent liens.--Where there are subsequent liens upon a vehicle or the lien to be released is not a first lien, the following rules apply upon the satisfaction of a security interest in the vehicle:

(1)  If the lienholder whose security interest is satisfied has possession of the certificate of title, the lienholder shall mail or deliver the certificate of title, immediately upon satisfaction, to the department with proper evidence of satisfaction and release of the security interest. A corrected certificate of title, containing a statement of the remaining security interests on record, shall be mailed by the department to the person holding the next lien upon the vehicle.

(2)  Upon the satisfaction of a security interest in a vehicle for which the certificate of title is in the possession of a prior lienholder, the lienholder whose security interest is satisfied shall, immediately upon satisfaction, mail or deliver to the owner proper evidence of the satisfaction and release of the security interest. Upon request of the owner and receipt of the release, the lienholder in possession of the certificate of title shall mail or deliver the certificate of title together with the release to the department. The department shall issue a corrected certificate of title which shall be mailed to the first lienholder.

(c)  Penalties.--

(1)  Any person failing to deliver upon demand a satisfied certificate of title as required by subsection (a)(1) is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, for a first offense be sentenced to pay a fine of $50 and for a subsequent offense be sentenced to pay a fine of $100.

(2)  Any person failing to return to the department a certificate of title where there are other liens, for correction and delivery, as required by subsection (b) is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $100.

(3)  No person shall be deemed guilty of a violation of this section if the person delivers the certificate of title to the department within five days of the satisfaction of the lien.

75c1135v

(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001)

 

2001 Amendment.  Act 18 amended subsec. (a)(2).

Cross References.  Section 1135 is referred to in section 7508 of this title.

75c1136s

§ 1136.  Duty of lienholder to disclose pertinent information.

A lienholder named in a certificate of title shall, upon written request of the owner or of another lienholder named on the certificate, disclose any pertinent information as to the security agreement and the indebtedness secured by the agreement.

75c1137s

§ 1137.  Subchapter exclusive for perfecting security interest.

The method provided in this subchapter for perfecting and giving notice of security interests is exclusive, except as otherwise provided in 13 Pa.C.S. §§ 9315 (relating to secured party's rights on disposition of collateral and in proceeds) and 9316(d) and (e) (relating to effect of change in governing law).

75c1137v

(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001; June 27, 2013, P.L.154, No.30, eff. July 1, 2013)

75c1138s

§ 1138.  Duration of perfection.

(a)  General rule.--Perfection of a security interest is effective for a period of 30 years in the case of a mobile home or emergency vehicle, eight years in the case of a truck tractor or trailer weighing in excess of 10,000 pounds and six years in all other cases, in each case dating from the time of perfection as provided for in this subchapter and subject to renewal as provided in subsection (b).

(b)  Renewal.--The effectiveness of perfection lapses on the expiration of the periods specified in subsection (a) unless a renewal form is filed within the six months immediately preceding expiration. Upon the timely filing of a renewal form, the effectiveness of perfection continues for a period of three years, commencing on the date on which perfection would have lapsed in the absence of the filing. Perfection may be renewed for as many three-year periods as may be necessary by the holder of the security interest upon a form furnished by the department, signed by the secured party and accompanied by the fee provided in this title.

(c)  Corrected certificate when perfection expires.--A corrected certificate of title without a statement of liens or encumbrances shall be issued by the department, upon the request of the owner, when perfection of the security interests recorded on the certificate of title have expired.

75c1138v

(July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001; June 22, 2001, P.L.411, No.33, eff. 120 days)

 

2001 Amendments.  Act 18 amended the entire section and Act 33 amended subsec. (a). Act 33 overlooked the amendment by Act 18, but the amendments do not conflict in substance and have both been given effect in setting forth the text of subsec. (a).

75c1139s

§ 1139.  Terminal rental adjustment clauses.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a lease agreement which pertains to the commercial use of a motor vehicle or trailer and which includes a terminal rental adjustment clause does not create a sale or security interest merely because the terminal rental adjustment clause provides that the rental price is permitted or required to be adjusted under the agreement either upward or downward by reference to the actual value of the motor vehicle or trailer upon lease termination or sale or other disposition of the motor vehicle or trailer. Actual value shall be determined as agreed upon by the parties. This section is not applicable to a consumer lease agreement pertaining to a motor vehicle or trailer leased or used primarily for personal, family or household purposes.

75c1139v

(July 6, 1995, P.L.315, No.48, eff. 60 days)

 

1995 Amendment.  Act 48 added section 1139.

75c1140s

§ 1140.  Cancellation of certificate of title or ownership for mobile home.

(a)  General rule.--The department may cancel a certificate of title for a mobile home affixed to real property. The person requesting the cancellation shall submit to the department an application for cancellation and the certificate of title. The application must be on a form prescribed by the department. Upon cancellation, the ownership interest in the mobile home, together with all liens and encumbrances thereon, shall be transferred to and shall encumber the real property to which the mobile home has become affixed.

(b)  New certificate of title after cancellation.--If the department has previously canceled a certificate of title to a mobile home under subsection (a), the owner of the mobile home shall submit to the department all of the following:

(1)  An application for a certificate of title on the forms prescribed by the department.

(2)  A certificate from an attorney or title company that there are no mortgages, judgments or other liens of record against the mobile home or, if there is a lien, a certified copy of a release of lien executed by the lienholder and issued by the recorder of deeds or prothonotary, as appropriate.

(3)  Such other information as the department shall require.

75c1140v

(June 8, 2001, P.L.123, No.18, eff. July 1, 2001)

 

2001 Amendment.  Act 18 added section 1140.

75c1151h

 

 

SUBCHAPTER C

ELECTRONIC TITLING PROGRAM

 

Sec.

1151.  Electronic media system for vehicle titles (Expired).

1151.1. Program.

1152.  Development of pilot program (Expired).

1153.  Administration of system.

1154.  Expansion of pilot program (Expired).

1155.  Certification.

 

Enactment.  Subchapter C was added December 20, 1995, P.L.666, No.74, effective immediately.

Subchapter Heading.  The heading of Subchapter C was amended December 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, effective in 60 days.

75c1151s

§ 1151.  Electronic media system for vehicle titles (Expired).

75c1151v

 

2007 Expiration.  Section 1151 expired January 1, 2007. See Act 113 of 2006.

75c1151.1s

§ 1151.1.  Program.

(a)  General rule.--The department shall administer an electronic titling program that permits the recording of vehicle title information for new, transferred and corrected certificates of title through electronic media in a cost-effective manner in lieu of the submission and maintenance of paper documents otherwise required by this chapter.

(b)  Description.--The electronic titling program shall include, but not be limited to, methods by which vehicle title information, including the perfection, release and assignment of vehicle security interests, may be submitted through electronic media.

(c)  Mandatory participation.--Except for individuals and lienholders who are not normally engaged in the business or practice of financing vehicles, lienholders shall participate in the electronic titling program.

75c1151.1v

(July 10, 2006, P.L.1086, No.113)

 

2006 Amendment.  Act 113 added section 1151.1, effective in two years as to subsec. (c) and 60 days as to the remainder of the section.

75c1152s

§ 1152.  Development of pilot program (Expired).

75c1152v

 

2007 Expiration.  Section 1152 expired January 1, 2007. See Act 113 of 2006.

75c1153s

§ 1153.  Administration of system.

To carry out its responsibilities under this subchapter, the department is authorized to contract with private industries for the purpose of administrating a system which will permit the electronic communication of title information and security interest notification. A third party operating a secured host computer system interfacing with the department's computer system and the computer system of a lending institution or other sales finance company shall be bonded in the amount specified by the department and shall maintain audit trails for a period of time specified by the department. The department is authorized to pay a reasonable fee to a third party to administer the system. Information received under this section by a third party shall remain confidential as specified by the department.

75c1154s

§ 1154.  Expansion of pilot program (Expired).

75c1154v

 

2007 Expiration.  Section 1154 expired January 1, 2007. See Act 113 of 2006.

75c1155s

§ 1155.  Certification.

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a written or printed report of an electronic transaction or recording permitted under this subchapter, if certified as true and correct by the department, shall serve as evidence of any signature, acknowledgment or information which was provided to or by the department through electronic means, and the certification shall be admissible in any legal proceeding as evidence of the facts stated therein.

75c1161h

 

 

SUBCHAPTER D

SALVAGE VEHICLES, THEFT VEHICLES, RECONSTRUCTED

VEHICLES AND FLOOD VEHICLES

 

Sec.

1161.  Certificate of salvage required.

1162.  Transfer to vehicle salvage dealer.

1163.  Transfer to scrap metal processor.

1164.  Theft vehicles.

1165.  Reconstructed vehicles.

1165.1. Inspection of reconstructed, modified and specially constructed vehicles.

1165.2. Specialized Vehicle Compliance Inspection Advisory Panel (Expired).

1166.  Flood vehicles.

1167.  Penalty.

 

Enactment.  Subchapter D was added December 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, effective in 60 days.

Cross References.  Subchapter D is referred to in sections 4729, 7309 of this title.

75c1161s

§ 1161.  Certificate of salvage required.

(a)  General rule.--Except as provided in sections 1162 (relating to transfer to vehicle salvage dealer) and 1163 (relating to transfer to scrap metal processor), a person, including an insurer or self-insurer as defined in section 1702 (relating to definitions), who owns, possesses or transfers a vehicle located or registered in this Commonwealth which qualifies as a salvage vehicle shall make application to the department for a certificate of salvage for that vehicle.

(b)  Application for certificate of salvage.--An owner who transfers a vehicle to be destroyed or dismantled, salvaged or recycled shall assign the certificate of title to the person to whom the vehicle is transferred. Except as provided in section 1163, the transferee shall immediately present the assigned certificate of title to the department or an authorized agent of the department with an application for a certificate of salvage upon a form furnished and prescribed by the department. An insurer as defined in section 1702 to which title to a vehicle is assigned upon payment to the insured or claimant of the replacement value of a vehicle shall be regarded as a transferee under this subsection, and an assignment of title to an insurer under this subsection is exempt from the requirements of notarization and verification in section 1111(a) (relating to transfer of ownership of vehicle). If an owner retains possession of a vehicle which is damaged to the extent that it qualifies for vehicle replacement payment, the owner shall apply for a certificate of salvage immediately. In this case, an insurer shall not pay vehicle replacement value until the owner produces evidence to the insurer that the certificate of salvage has been issued. A self-insurer as defined in section 1702 shall apply for a certificate of salvage when a vehicle is damaged to the extent that the cost of repairs would exceed the replacement value of the vehicle as certified by a licensed motor vehicle physical damage appraiser.

(c)  Issuance and effect of certificate of salvage.--Upon proper application for a certificate of salvage, the department or agent of the department shall issue to the transferee a certificate of salvage which shall authorize the holder to possess or by endorsement transfer ownership of the salvage vehicle. A certificate of title or registration shall not again be issued or renewed for the vehicle except upon application containing the information the department requires, accompanied by any necessary documents required under section 1165 (relating to reconstructed vehicles).

(d)  Out-of-State salvage vehicles.--The owner of a salvage vehicle possessing a valid certificate of title or certificate of salvage from a state or jurisdiction other than this Commonwealth does not need to apply for a certificate under subsection (a). If the owner wishes to transfer the salvage vehicle, the owner shall make application to the department and attach the out-of-State certificate of title or certificate of salvage along with any other information and documents the department reasonably requires to establish the ownership of the vehicle and the existence or nonexistence of security interests in the vehicle. The person identified on the application must be located or the owner or lienholder must be domiciled in this Commonwealth to qualify for issuance of a certificate of salvage by the department.

(e)  Certificate not to be assigned in blank.--No person shall make application for or assign or physically possess a certificate of salvage or direct or allow another person in his employ or control to make application for or assign or physically possess a certificate of salvage unless the name and address of the transferee is placed on the assignment of the certificate of salvage simultaneously with the name of the transferor.

(f)  Repairs to personal vehicle.--Nothing herein shall require a vehicle owner to obtain a certificate of salvage to repair or replace parts or component parts which malfunction or wear out as a result of normal use and operation which has occurred after the vehicle was transferred to the owner.

75c1161v

(Oct. 24, 2012, P.L.1431, No.178, eff. 60 days)

 

2012 Amendment.  Act 178 amended subsec. (b).

Cross References.  Section 1161 is referred to in sections 1162, 6308 of this title.

75c1162s

§ 1162.  Transfer to vehicle salvage dealer.

(a)  General rule.--Any owner who transfers a vehicle or a salvage vehicle to a vehicle salvage dealer, as defined in section 1337(c)(2) (relating to use of "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business" registration plates), shall assign the certificate of title or salvage certificate to the vehicle salvage dealer. A certificate of title or salvage certificate for a vehicle transferred to a vehicle salvage dealer is exempt from the requirements of notarization and verification by a corporate officer.

(b)  Certificate of title.--Upon transfer of a certificate of title to a salvage vehicle dealer, the salvage vehicle dealer shall immediately send to the department or an authorized agent of the department either of the following:

(1)  The assigned certificate of title attached to a form prescribed by the department indicating that the vehicle is to be designated as a nonrepairable vehicle. A copy of the form shall be retained for record in accordance with section 6308(d) (relating to investigation by police officers). The vehicle shall not be rebuilt, retitled or issued a certificate of any kind.

(2)  The assigned certificate of title with an application for a certificate of salvage upon a form prescribed by the department. The certificate of salvage, when issued to the vehicle salvage dealer, shall have the same effect as provided in section 1161(c) (relating to certificate of salvage required).

(c)  Vehicles with defective or lost title.--Any person on whose property is located a vehicle which is a salvage vehicle and which has a faulty, lost or destroyed title may transfer the vehicle to a salvor or to a salvage program operated by a political subdivision for removal to a suitable place of storage or for scrapping, provided the salvor or salvage program complies with the requirements of this section, except that the report to the department that the vehicle is a salvage vehicle shall be verified by the transferor of the vehicle instead of the police department.

75c1162v

 

Cross References.  Section 1162 is referred to in sections 1161, 6308 of this title.

75c1163s

§ 1163.  Transfer to scrap metal processor.

(a)  Flattened vehicles.--When a vehicle has been flattened, crushed or processed to the extent that it is no longer identifiable as a vehicle, its certificate of title, certificate of salvage or nonrepairable certificate shall be attached to a form prescribed by the department and immediately sent to the department. The form shall include such information as the department shall require. A copy of the form shall be retained for record in accordance with section 6308(d) (relating to investigation by police officers). The vehicle scrap material shall no longer be considered a vehicle and shall not be reconstructed, retitled or issued a certificate of any kind.

(b)  Vehicles.--Any owner who transfers a vehicle to a scrap metal processor shall assign the certificate of title, certificate of salvage or nonrepairable certificate to the processor. The processor shall attach the certificate to the proper department form, immediately send it to the department and retain a copy in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a).

75c1163v

 

Cross References.  Section 1163 is referred to in sections 1161, 6308 of this title.

75c1164s

§ 1164.  Theft vehicles.

(a)  General rule.--Upon payment to the insured of the replacement value for a theft vehicle, the owner or insurer shall apply for a certificate of salvage branded as a theft vehicle.

(b)  Assessing damage on recovered theft vehicles.--If a theft vehicle has been recovered, the vehicle shall be assessed as to the level of damage at the time of recovery by an insurer or licensed physical damage appraiser:

(1)  If the cost of repairs exceeds the replacement value of the vehicle, the theft-branded certificate of salvage shall serve as an ownership document. If the vehicle thereafter passes the reconstructed salvage vehicle inspection requirements under section 1165 (relating to reconstructed vehicles), it shall receive a certificate of title branded reconstructed and recovered-theft vehicle.

(2)  If the cost of repairs is less than the replacement value of the vehicle, the owner shall apply for a certificate of title branded recovered-theft vehicle. A legible copy of the vehicle damage appraisal report completed by an insurer or licensed physical damage appraiser must accompany an application under this paragraph. The damage appraisal report shall include the replacement value of the vehicle.

75c1164v

 

Cross References.  Section 1164 is referred to in section 6308 of this title.

75c1165s

§ 1165.  Reconstructed vehicles.

(a)  General rule.--If a vehicle, other than an antique or classic vehicle, for which a certificate of salvage has been issued is thereafter restored to operating condition, it shall be regarded as a reconstructed vehicle.

(b)  Application for a reconstructed vehicle certificate of title.--A reconstructed vehicle title and registration shall be issued to an applicant if the applicant presents to the department an application for a certificate of title upon a form furnished and prescribed by the department and any other information the department deems appropriate.

75c1165v

 

Cross References.  Section 1165 is referred to in sections 1161, 1164, 1166 of this title.

75c1165.1s

§ 1165.1.  Inspection of reconstructed, modified and specially constructed vehicles.

(a)  Findings of fact.--The General Assembly finds that a key element for successfully converting a stolen vehicle into a marketable item is obtaining a title to that vehicle. In a report to the Congress of the United States, the Motor Vehicle Titling, Registration and Salvage Advisory Committee made several recommendations that would assist state motor vehicle agencies to combat the vehicle theft and title fraud that has been rising at an alarming rate throughout the nation. In the committee's report, recommendations were for each state to establish a two-part inspection procedure. Part one would be to inspect each vehicle to verify the VIN and replacement parts (supported by titles, proof of ownership, bills of sale) and owner affirmation. Part two would be to provide a uniform safety inspection for rebuilt salvage vehicles.

(b)  General rule.--All reconstructed, modified and specially constructed vehicles shall be required to undergo an enhanced vehicle safety inspection as specified in departmental contracts, policy guidelines or regulations as deemed appropriate by the advisory panel convened under section 1165.2 (relating to Specialized Vehicle Compliance Inspection Advisory Panel).

75c1165.1v

(Dec. 1, 2004, P.L.1767, No.228, eff. Jan. 1, 2007)

 

2004 Amendment.  Act 228 added section 1165.1.

References in Text.  Section 1165.2, referred to in subsec. (b), expired.

Cross References.  Section 1165.1 is referred to in section 4702.1 of this title.

75c1165.2s

§ 1165.2.  Specialized Vehicle Compliance Inspection Advisory Panel (Expired).

75c1165.2v

 

2007 Expiration.  Section 1165.2 expired January 1, 2007. See Act 228 of 2004.

75c1166s

§ 1166.  Flood vehicles.

(a)  General rule.--Upon payment to the insured of the replacement value for a flood vehicle, the owner or insurer shall apply for a certificate of salvage branded as a flood vehicle.

(b)  Assessing damage of flood vehicles.--A flood vehicle shall be assessed as to the level of damage by an insurer or licensed physical damage appraiser:

(1)  If the cost of repairs exceeds the replacement value of the vehicle, the flood-branded certificate of salvage shall serve as an ownership document. If the vehicle thereafter passes the reconstructed salvage vehicle inspection requirements under section 1165 (relating to reconstructed vehicles), it shall receive a certificate of title branded reconstructed and flood vehicle.

(2)  If the cost of repairs does not exceed the replacement value of the vehicle, the owner shall apply for a certificate of title branded flood vehicle. A legible copy of the vehicle damage appraisal report completed by an insurer or licensed physical damage appraiser must accompany an application under this paragraph. The damage appraisal report shall include the replacement cash value of the vehicle.

75c1167s

§ 1167.  Penalty.

A person who violates the provisions of this subchapter commits a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $500 for each violation.

75c1301h

 

 

CHAPTER 13

REGISTRATION OF VEHICLES

 

Subchapter

A.  General Provisions

B.  Registration Plates

C.  Violations and Suspensions

 

Enactment.  Chapter 13 was added June 17, 1976, P.L.162, No.81, effective July 1, 1977, unless otherwise noted.

Special Provisions in Appendix.  See section 25 of Act 115 of 1996 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to pilot programs for decentralized services for motor vehicle and driver license transactions.

See section 15 of Act 23 of 1999 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to joint study on registration validation stickers.

Cross References.  Chapter 13 is referred to in sections 1516, 1752, 1798.3, 1911, 6117, 7702 of this title.

 

 

SUBCHAPTER A

GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

Sec.

1301.  Registration and certificate of title required.

1302.  Vehicles exempt from registration.

1303.  Vehicles of nonresidents exempt from registration.

1304.  Registration criteria.

1305.  Application for registration.

1306.  Grounds for refusing registration.

1307.  Period of registration.

1307.1. Permanent fleet registration.

1308.  Issuance of registration card.

1309.  Renewal of registration.

1310.  Temporary registration cards.

1310.1. Temporary registration permits.

1311.  Registration card to be signed and exhibited on demand.

1312.  Notice of change of name or address.

1313.  Duplicate registration cards.

1314.  Transfer of registration.

1315.  Operation of vehicle following death of owner.

1316.  Department records.

1317.  Acknowledgment of littering provisions.

1318.  Duties of agents.

1319.  Duties of motor carrier vehicle owners.

1320.  Contributions to Veterans' Trust Fund.

75c1301s

§ 1301.  Registration and certificate of title required.

(a)  Driving unregistered vehicle prohibited.--No person shall drive or move and no owner or motor carrier shall knowingly permit to be driven or moved upon any highway any vehicle which is not registered in this Commonwealth unless the vehicle is exempt from registration.

(b)  Proof of residency.--A person charged under this section has the burden of proving that he is a nonresident whenever he asserts a defense based on section 1303 (relating to vehicles of nonresidents exempt from registration). If he produces at the office of the issuing authority satisfactory proof that he is a nonresident and is in compliance with section 1303 within five days after being charged with a violation of this section, the issuing authority shall dismiss the charge.

(c)  Certificate of title prerequisite to registration.--No vehicle shall be registered unless a certificate of title has been applied for or issued if one is required by Chapter 11 (relating to certificate of title and security interests).

(c.1)  Reconstructed, recovered theft, flood, modified and specially constructed vehicles.--Only the department shall issue a temporary registration plate or card, or permit the transfer of a registration plate, in conjunction with any application for reconstructed, recovered theft, flood, modified and specially constructed vehicles. Proof of financial responsibility must accompany the application for registration prior to the issuance of a registration plate.

(c.2)  Special inspection prerequisite to operation.--After the effective date of this section, no reconstructed, modified or specially constructed vehicle may be operated on the highway until it has successfully passed an inspection at a reconstructed vehicle inspection station.

(d)  Penalty.--Any person violating the provisions of subsection (a) is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $75 or double the registration fee, whichever is greater, except when the vehicle was previously registered in this Commonwealth within 60 days of the commission of the offense whereupon the fine shall be $25. In the case of a motor carrier vehicle other than a trailer, the fine shall be $50 if the motor carrier vehicle was previously registered in this Commonwealth within 60 days of the commission of the offense or, if the registration occurs outside the 60-day period, the fine shall be double the registration fee for the maximum weight at which the vehicle could have been registered in this Commonwealth.

75c1301v

(July 22, 1983, P.L.122, No.32, eff. imd.; Mar. 29, 1984, P.L.155, No.30, eff. 60 days; July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; July 8, 1986, P.L.432, No.90, eff. imd.; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1278, No.152, eff. 60 days; Dec. 1, 2004, P.L.1767, No.228, eff. Jan. 1, 2007)

 

2004 Amendment.  Act 228 added subsec. (c.2).

2002 Amendment.  Act 152 added subsec. (c.1).

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsecs. (a) and (d).

Cross References.  Section 1301 is referred to in sections 1311, 6309, 6309.1 of this title.

75c1302s

§ 1302.  Vehicles exempt from registration.

The following types of vehicles are exempt from registration:

(1)  Any vehicle used in conformance with the provisions of this chapter relating to dealers, persons registered under any of the miscellaneous motor vehicle business classes or nonresidents.

(2)  (Deleted by amendment).

(2.1)  Any implement of husbandry, other than a commercial implement of husbandry, used exclusively for agricultural operations. Vehicles are exempt from registration under this paragraph when operated within 50 miles of the farm or farms owned or operated by the vehicle owner.

(2.2)  Any implement of husbandry, trailer or semitrailer used exclusively for agricultural operations when being towed or hauled by an implement of husbandry or farm vehicle within 50 miles of the farm or farms owned or operated by the owner of the towed or hauled vehicle.

(3)  Any self-propelled golf cart used for the transportation of persons engaged in the game of golf while crossing any public highway during any game of golf.

(4)  Any vehicle moved by special permit as provided for in sections 4965 (relating to single permits for multiple highway crossings), 4966 (relating to permit for movement of quarry equipment), and 4970(a) (relating to permit for movement of construction equipment).

(5)  Any vehicle registered and displaying plates issued in a foreign country by the armed forces of the United States for a period of 45 days from the date of the return of the owner to the United States.

(6)  Any vehicle owned by a resident legally required to be registered in another state based and used principally outside of this Commonwealth.

(7)  Any vehicle moved solely by human or animal power.

(8)  (Deleted by amendment).

(9)  Any mobile home or modular housing unit.

(10)  Any farm vehicle used exclusively upon a farm or farms owned or operated by the owner of the vehicle, subject to the following:

(i)  (Deleted by amendment).

(ii)  (Deleted by amendment).

(i.1)  Type A--Such a farm vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating not exceeding 10,000 pounds may be driven upon highways only from sunrise to sunset and between:

(A)  Parts of one such farm.

(B)  Such farms located not more than 50 miles apart.

(C)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of 50 miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of buying or selling agricultural commodities or supplies.

(D)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of 50 miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of repairing or servicing of the farm vehicle or the trailer or semitrailer being towed or hauled by the farm vehicle.

(i.2)  Type B--Such a farm vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of greater than 10,000 pounds and not exceeding 17,000 pounds may be driven upon highways only from sunrise to sunset and between:

(A)  Parts of one such farm.

(B)  Such farms located not more than 25 miles apart.

(C)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of 25 miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of buying or selling agricultural commodities or supplies.

(D)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of 50 miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of repairing or servicing of the farm vehicle or the trailer or semitrailer being towed or hauled by the farm vehicle.

(i.3)  Type C--Such a farm vehicle which does qualify as a motor carrier vehicle and which does not display a currently valid certificate of inspection may be driven upon highways only from sunrise to sunset and between:

(A)  Parts of one such farm.

(B)  Such farms located not more than ten miles apart.

(C)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of ten miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of buying or selling agricultural commodities or supplies.

(D)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of 25 miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of repairing or servicing of the farm vehicle or the trailer or semitrailer being towed or hauled by the farm vehicle.

(i.4)  Type D--Such a farm vehicle which does qualify as a motor carrier vehicle and displays a currently valid certificate of inspection may be driven without any restriction as to time but may only be driven on highways between:

(A)  Parts of one such farm.

(B)  Such farms located not more than 50 miles apart.

(C)  Such farm or farms and a place of business located within a radius of 50 miles from such farm or farms for the purpose of buying or selling agricultural commodities or supplies or for repairing or servicing of the farm vehicle or the trailer or semitrailer being towed or hauled by the farm vehicle.

(iii)  A biennial certificate of exemption shall be required for a farm vehicle exempt under this paragraph.

(iv)  The owner of the farm vehicle shall maintain such minimum levels of liability insurance coverage on the vehicle as are required to be maintained under Chapter 17 (relating to financial responsibility) by owners of registered motor vehicles. The owner shall satisfy the requirements of this subparagraph if the minimum amounts of liability insurance coverage for the farm vehicle have been provided under farm liability insurance coverage maintained generally by the owner. Coverage prescribed in Subchapter B of Chapter 17 shall not be required to be maintained or provided for the farm vehicle.

(11)  Any trailer or semitrailer, including but not limited to non-self-propelled special mobile equipment and amusement rides constructed as an integral part of the trailer chassis to create a single unit, to be used primarily for off highway use and only operated incidentally upon the highway.

(12)  Any military vehicle used for training by a private, nonprofit, tax exempt military educational institution when such vehicle does not travel on public roads in excess of one mile and the property on both sides of the public road is owned by the institution.

(13)  Any oversized or overweight vehicle which may be moved or operated only under a permit and without a load pursuant to section 4961(a) (relating to authority to issue permits) and 4962(f) (relating to when loads permitted).

(14)  Any vehicle used for golf course or resort maintenance when such vehicle does not travel on public roads in excess of one mile and the property on both sides of the public road is owned by said golf course or resort.

(15)  Any motor vehicle being towed.

(16)  Any trailer registered in another state towed by a motor vehicle registered in this Commonwealth provided:

(i)  the owner has as many trailers registered in this Commonwealth as combinations so registered; or

(ii)  the towing vehicle is being operated under a permanent lease to a person meeting the requirements of subparagraph (i).

(17)  Any multipurpose agricultural vehicle. Vehicles exempt from registration under this paragraph shall be used exclusively upon a farm or farms owned or operated by the owner of the vehicles or upon highways between:

(i)  Parts of one such farm.

(ii)  Such farms located not more than five miles apart.

(18)  Any farm and garden vehicle under 20 horsepower driven incidentally upon a highway, as determined by the department.

(19)  A tow dolly.

(20)  An electric personal assistive mobility device.

(21)  Special mobile equipment engaged in construction activities within one mile of an active construction site where the vehicle is being used. Unregistered vehicles used under this paragraph shall be required to meet lighting and other requirements of special mobile equipment. This exemption shall not apply to tracked vehicles.

(22)  Any portable traffic control signal or device upon a trailer not exceeding 3,000 pounds gross vehicle weight.

75c1302v

(July 20, 1979, P.L.168, No.55, eff. imd.; Feb. 15, 1980, P.L.12, No.8, eff. imd.; July 11, 1980, P.L.550, No.113, eff. 60 days; Oct. 10, 1980, P.L.791, No.147, eff. imd.; Mar. 7, 1982, P.L.152, No.49, eff. imd.; June 23, 1982, P.L.605, No.171, eff. imd.; July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; July 11, 1985, P.L.204, No.52, eff. 90 days; July 11, 1985, P.L.220, No.56, eff. 60 days; Dec. 12, 1986, P.L.1562, No.170, eff. 60 days; Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. imd.; Dec. 18, 1992, P.L.1411, No.174, eff. 60 days; May 20, 1993, P.L.30, No.10, eff. 60 days; Dec. 7, 1994, P.L.820, No.115, eff. 60 days; July 6, 1995, P.L.246, No.30, eff. imd.; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; July 4, 2002, P.L.692, No.105, eff. 60 days; Dec. 1, 2004, P.L.1767, No.228, eff. 60 days; Oct. 19, 2010, P.L.557, No.81, eff. 60 days; Oct. 24, 2012, P.L.1307, No.163, eff. 60 days; Oct. 24, 2012, P.L.1407, No.174, eff. 120 days)

 

2012 Amendments.  Act 163 added par. (22) and Act 174 amended pars. (10) and (17), added pars. (2.1) and (2.2) and deleted par. (2).

2010 Amendment.  Act 81 amended par. (11). The preamble of Act 81 provided that Act 81 may be referred to as the Sgt. Michael C. Weigand Law.

2004 Amendment.  Act 228 added par. (21).

2002 Amendment.  Act 105 added par. (20).

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended par. (18) and deleted par. (8).

1995 Amendment.  See section 5 of Act 30 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to equipment standards and inspection criteria.

Cross References.  Section 1302 is referred to in sections 2105, 4921 of this title.

75c1303s

§ 1303.  Vehicles of nonresidents exempt from registration.

(a)  General rule.--A nonresident owner of any foreign vehicle may operate or permit the operation of the vehicle within this Commonwealth without registering the vehicle in this Commonwealth or paying any fees to the Commonwealth, provided the vehicle at all times when operated in this Commonwealth is duly registered and in full compliance with the registration requirements of the place of residence of the owner and further provided the vehicle is not:

(1)  used for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation or profit;

(2)  regularly operated in carrying on business within this Commonwealth;

(3)  designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property for hire, compensation or profit and not subject to reciprocity under section 6144 (relating to vehicle registration and licensing) or 6149 (relating to automatic reciprocity); or

(4)  special mobile equipment if not also required to be and actually registered under the laws of the place of residence of the owner.

(b)  Transportation of persons for hire, compensation or profit.--Every owner of a foreign vehicle operated within this Commonwealth for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation or profit either regularly according to schedule or for a period exceeding 30 days in the calendar year, unless exempted from registration under the terms of a reciprocity agreement shall register the vehicle according to the laws of this Commonwealth.

(c)  Carrying on business in this Commonwealth.--Every nonresident, including any foreign corporation, carrying on business within this Commonwealth and operating in the business any vehicle within this Commonwealth, unless exempted from registration under the terms of a reciprocity agreement, shall be required to register each such vehicle according to the laws of this Commonwealth. A foreign corporation having its principal place of business in this Commonwealth is regarded as a resident of this Commonwealth for the purposes of this section.

(d)  Members of armed forces.--A member of the armed forces of the United States who is serving on active duty in this Commonwealth need not register a personal passenger vehicle in this Commonwealth if the vehicle is registered in the state of his residence.

(e)  Trailer as part of registered combination.--(Deleted by amendment).

75c1303v

(Mar. 7, 1982, P.L.152, No.49, eff. imd.; July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; Dec. 28, 1994, P.L.1450, No.172, eff. 60 days)

 

1994 Amendment.  Act 172 amended subsec. (b).

1984 Amendment.  Act 146 deleted subsec. (e).

1982 Amendment.  Act 49 amended subsec. (c).

Cross References.  Section 1303 is referred to in section 1301 of this title.

75c1304s

§ 1304.  Registration criteria.

(a)  General rule.--Except as otherwise provided in this section, vehicles shall be registered for a flat fee.

(b)  Classification of vehicles.--The department may identify vehicles by type as to weight, design, loading, use, ownership or other significant characteristics for purposes of registration.

(c)  Trucks, truck tractors and trailers.--The department shall register trucks, truck tractors and trailers at the gross weight requested by the applicant, provided that the weight is not greater than allowed in subsection (d) or less than allowed in subsection (e).

(d)  Maximum registered gross weight.--No truck, truck tractor or trailer shall be registered at a gross weight in excess of the lowest of:

(1)  the limiting weights established on the basis of axle load, tire load, horsepower or gross weight by type of vehicles;

(2)  the gross vehicle weight rating assigned by the manufacturer; or

(3)  a combination weight greater than the gross combination weight rating.

In the case of a vehicle in which no gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating is assigned by the manufacturer or where the vehicle has been altered subsequent to manufacture to change its weight bearing capacity, an equivalent rating shall be determined by the department on the basis of the vehicle's horsepower, braking ability, axle limitations and such other factors related to safe operation as may be established by regulations of the department.

(e)  Minimum registered gross weight.--No truck, truck tractor or trailer shall be registered at less than the total of the weight of the unladen vehicle, the maximum weight of the proposed load, the equivalent weight of the fuel capacity, 150 pounds times the seating capacity, and the weight of any permanently or temporarily attached appurtenances.

(f)  Registered gross weight of trucks and truck tractors.--Every truck shall have its own registered gross weight and may also be registered at a registered gross weight for a combination. Every truck tractor shall be registered at a registered gross weight for a combination.

(g)  Buses other than school buses.--The department shall register buses, other than school buses, on the basis of passenger seating capacity.

75c1305s

§ 1305.  Application for registration.

(a)  General rule.--Application for the registration of a vehicle shall be made to the department upon the appropriate form or forms furnished by the department. The application shall contain the full name and address of the owner or owners; the make, model, year and vehicle identification number of the vehicle; and such other information as the department may require. Program participants in the Address Confidentiality Program under 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 67 (relating to domestic and sexual violence victim address confidentiality) may use a substitute address designated by the Office of Victim Advocate as their address. Applicants for registration of a truck, truck tractor, trailer or bus shall provide the vehicle's Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR), or the Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR), as applicable. If the manufacturer's ratings are not available, the applicant shall provide sufficient information as to the horsepower, braking capacity and such other data as necessary for the department to determine an equivalent measure of the vehicle's hauling and stopping capability. If the applicant wishes to register a vehicle at a registered gross weight less than the gross vehicle weight rating, the application shall include information as to weight, load and any other such information as the department may require. The application shall be accompanied by self-certification of financial responsibility and the applicable fee.

(b)  Evidence of P.U.C. approval for buses and taxis.--Before registering any bus or taxi which is required under the laws of this Commonwealth to obtain a certificate of public convenience from the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, the department shall require evidence that the certificate has been issued and has not been revoked or has not expired.

(c)  Designation of lessee as registrant.--The owner as lessor may designate the lessee as the registrant of the vehicle and the name and address of the lessee may be substituted on the registration card for the address of the lessor. However, even if the lessor does not designate the lessee as the registrant of the vehicle, the lessor shall still provide the department with the name and address of the lessee. The department shall designate the relationship upon the card in a manner it deems appropriate. This subsection is applicable only for the period during which the lease remains in effect.

(d)  Self-certification of financial responsibility.--In addition to the other requirements to registration, the applicant shall file a self-certification of financial responsibility which shall include:

(1)  The complete name, address and telephone number of the applicant. Program participants in the Address Confidentiality Program under 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 67 may use a substitute address designated by the Office of Victim Advocate as their address.

(2)  The name of the insurance company which is insuring the subject vehicle.

(3)  The policy number, effective date and expiration date of the policy of insurance insuring the vehicle.

75c1305v

(Feb. 12, 1984, P.L.26, No.11, eff. Oct. 1, 1984; Feb. 7, 1990, P.L.11, No.6, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; Nov. 30, 2004, P.L.1474, No.188, eff. 180 days)

 

2004 Amendment.  Act 188 amended subsecs. (a) and (d).

1998 Amendment.   Act 151 amended subsec. (c).

Cross References.  Section 1305 is referred to in sections 1306, 1331 of this title; section 5712 of Title 53 (Municipalities Generally).

75c1306s

§ 1306.  Grounds for refusing registration.

The department shall refuse registration, renewal or transfer of registration when any of the following circumstances exists:

(1)  The applicant is not entitled to registration under the provisions of this chapter.

(2)  The applicant has at registration or titling neglected or refused to furnish the department with the information required on the appropriate official form, or any reasonable additional information required by the department.

(3)  The department has reasonable grounds to believe that the application contains false or fraudulent information, or that the vehicle is stolen, which fact the department shall ascertain by reference to the stolen vehicle file required to be maintained under section 7114 (relating to records of stolen vehicles), or that the granting of registration would constitute a fraud against the rightful owner or other person having a valid lien upon the vehicle.

(4)  The fees required by law have not been paid.

(5)  The vehicle is not constructed or equipped as required by this title.

(6)  The registration of the vehicle stands suspended for any reason as provided for in this title.

(7)  Self-certification of financial responsibility, as required under section 1305(d) (relating to application for registration), is not filed with the registration application.

(8)  (Repealed).

(9)  (Repealed).

(10)  An out-of-service order has been issued for the vehicle, the owner or operator by the department or the United States Department of Transportation.

(11)  Self-certification of current safety inspection for a motor carrier vehicle, as required by section 1309 (relating to renewal of registration), is not filed with the application for renewal of registration.

75c1306v

(May 26, 1982, P.L.435, No.129, eff. imd.; Feb. 12, 1984, P.L.26, No.11, eff. Oct. 1, 1984; Apr. 26, 1989, P.L.13, No.4, eff. imd.; Feb. 7, 1990, P.L.11, No.6, eff. 60 days; Dec. 16, 1992, P.L.1250, No.166; Dec. 15, 1995, P.L.655, No.72, eff. imd.; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; June 22, 2001, P.L.559, No.37, eff. 60 days; Dec. 23, 2002, P.L.1982, No.229, eff. 6 months)

 

2002 Amendment.  Act 229 added par. (11).

2001 Amendment.  Act 37 amended the intro. par. and par. (10).

1995 Repeal.  Act 72 repealed pars. (8) and (9).

75c1307s

§ 1307.  Period of registration.

(a)  Staggered renewal system to be established.--The department shall establish a system of staggered registration renewal in a manner that an approximately equal number of registrations will expire every month throughout the year. In order to implement and maintain the staggered registration system, the department may prorate annual registration fees over registration periods of from 6 to 18 months.

(a.1)  Seasonal registration.--Upon application on a form prescribed by the department, the owner or lessee of a passenger car, recreational motor vehicle, motorcycle, truck or farm vehicle which does not have a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 14,000 pounds may register the vehicle with the department for a period of successive months of less than one year. The applicant shall specify the period of months during which the vehicle shall be registered. Except when the department initially converts a currently valid annual registration to a seasonal registration, the annual fee prescribed for the vehicle by Chapter 19 (relating to fees) shall be paid in full by the applicant regardless of the number of months chosen for registration by the applicant. Upon receipt of the appropriate fee and the properly completed form, including all information required by this chapter, the department shall issue a seasonal registration that shall expire on the last day of the expiration month chosen by the registrant. No insurer of a vehicle belonging to any owner or lessee who obtains a seasonal registration and who applies for or receives a reduced automobile insurance premium on account thereof shall be required to provide any contractual coverage, whether in the form of the provision of a defense or the payment of first-party or third-party benefits or otherwise, to the owner or lessee in connection with any event occurring during that part of the year in which the vehicle is not registered; and such owner or lessee shall be treated for all purposes, including, without limitation, ascertaining rights to stack coverages and to uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage, as a person who does not own that vehicle and has no duty to carry financial responsibility on it for that part of the year.

(b)  New registration.--A new registration is effective on the date of issuance of a registration card by the department or the date of issuance of a temporary registration card by an authorized agent of the department under section 1310 (relating to temporary registration cards).

(c)  Renewal of registration.--A renewed registration shall be effective on issuance by the department of a renewed registration card.

(d)  Expiration of registration.--A registration shall expire on the last day of the month designated on the registration card.

(e)  Antique, classic and collectible vehicles.--Antique, classic and collectible motor vehicle registrations shall expire upon the salvaging, scrapping or transfer of ownership of the vehicle, except that if the transfer is between spouses or between parent and child the registration may be transferred upon payment of a transfer fee.

(f)  Optional permanent trailer registration.--Except as set forth in section 1920(c) (relating to trailers), the registration of trailers permanently registered as provided in section 1920(c) shall expire upon salvaging of the vehicle or transfer of ownership.

(g)  Election.--Upon application on a form prescribed by the department, the owner or lessee of a motor vehicle, except a motor vehicle registered under the International Registration Plan and a motor vehicle with a seasonal registration or a circus or carnival plate, may elect to pay an annual registration fee for a two-year period. The fee shall be two times the amount of the registration fee otherwise payable for the motor vehicle under this title.

75c1307v

(May 26, 1982, P.L.435, No.129, eff. imd.; Dec. 20, 1995, P.L.669, No.75, eff. 120 days; July 11, 1996, P.L.660, No.115, eff. 60 days; Apr. 17, 1997, P.L.6, No.3, eff. July 1, 1997; Dec. 1, 2004, P.L.1771, No.229, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 2007, P.L.436, No.67, eff. 60 days; Nov. 25, 2013, P.L.974, No.89; July 2, 2014, P.L.988, No.109, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 109 amended subsec. (a.1).

2013 Amendment.  Act 89 amended subsec. (f) and added subsec. (g), effective January 1, 2014, as to subsec. (f) and December 31, 2016, as to subsec. (g). See the preamble to Act 89 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to legislative findings and declarations.

2004 Amendment.  Act 229 amended subsec. (a).

1995 Amendment.  Act 75 amended subsec. (e).

1982 Amendment.  Act 129 amended subsecs. (a) and (c).

Cross References.  Section 1307 is referred to in section 1786 of this title.

75c1307.1s

§ 1307.1.  Permanent fleet registration.

The department may establish a system for issuing permanent registration cards and plates to the owner or lessee of a fleet of vehicles and may promulgate rules and regulations to implement the permanent registration system. The department may authorize permanently registered vehicles to be exempt from such requirements of this chapter as it deems necessary and may charge, in addition to any other fees due for registration of vehicles, a reasonable service fee for each fleet vehicle at the time of initial application for permanent registration.

75c1307.1v

(July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days)

 

1984 Amendment.  Act 146 added section 1307.1.

75c1308s

§ 1308.  Issuance of registration card.

(a)  General rule.--The department, upon registering a vehicle, shall issue to the registrant a registration card which shall contain the registration number assigned to the vehicle, the name and address of the registrant and the name of the owner, if other than the registrant, a description of the vehicle including the vehicle identification number, the expiration date and such other information as may be determined by the department.

(b)  Trucks.--The registration card for a truck shall indicate the registered gross weight of the truck, and the registered gross weight of the combination, if the truck is so registered, in addition to other information required.

(c)  Truck tractors.--The registration card for a truck tractor shall indicate the registered gross weight of the combination in addition to other information required.

(d)  Trailers.--The registration card for a trailer shall indicate the registered gross weight of the trailer in addition to other information required.

(e)  Buses.--The registration card for a bus shall indicate the passenger seating capacity of the bus.

75c1309s

§ 1309.  Renewal of registration.

At least 60 days prior to the expiration of each registration, the department shall send to the registrant an application for renewal of registration. Upon return of the application, accompanied by self-certification of financial responsibility and the applicable fee or fees, the department shall send to the registrant a renewed registration card. An application for renewal of registration for a motor carrier vehicle shall also be accompanied by self-certification of current safety inspection. Failure to receive a renewal application shall not relieve a registrant from the responsibility to renew the registration.

75c1309v

(May 26, 1982, P.L.435, No.129, eff. imd.; Feb. 12, 1984, P.L.26, No.11, eff. Oct. 1, 1984; Apr. 26, 1989, P.L.13, No.4, eff. imd.; Dec. 23, 2002, P.L.1982, No.229, eff. 6 months)

 

Cross References.  Section 1309 is referred to in sections 1306, 1331 of this title.

75c1310s

§ 1310. Temporary registration cards.

(a)  General rule.--The department shall provide temporary registration cards for use pending issuance or transfer of permanent registration cards. Temporary registration cards and plates may be delivered to designated agents who shall have the authority to issue them in accordance with regulations promulgated by the department. When determining whether to suspend, revoke or impose a monetary penalty upon an agent, the department may consider relevant mitigating events.

(b)  Duration.--Temporary registration cards shall be valid for such period as the department shall designate.

(c)  Charges by designated agent.--A designated agent may not charge any fee for issuing a temporary registration card other than notary fees.

75c1310v

(July 11, 1996, P.L.660, No.115, eff. 60 days)

 

1996 Amendment.  Act 115 amended subsec. (a).

Cross References.  Section 1310 is referred to in sections 1307, 1314 of this title.

75c1310.1s

§ 1310.1.  Temporary registration permits.

(a)  General rule.--A registration permit shall be issued to the registrant concurrent with the issuance of a temporary registration card and plate.

(b)  Content of registration permit.--Every registration permit shall contain the following information:

(1)  The term "Pennsylvania" preprinted on the permit.

(2)  The term "temporary registration permit" preprinted on the permit.

(3)  The sticker issued by the department which will contain the number of the temporary registration plate and the dealer identification number (DIN).

(4)  The expiration date (month/day/year) of the temporary registration plate handprinted on the permit in permanent black marker.

(5)  The control number preprinted on the permit.

(c)  Location of registration permit.--Except as otherwise provided, a registration permit shall be affixed to the extreme lower left-hand (driver side) inside corner of the rear window of a vehicle with the printed information visible from the outside. On trailers, motorcycles, mopeds, motor-driven cycles and convertibles, the registration permit shall be carried with the vehicle at all times while the vehicle is being operated on the highway.

75c1310.1v

(June 22, 2001, P.L.559, No.37, eff. 60 days)

 

2001 Amendment.  Act 37 added section 1310.1.

75c1311s

§ 1311.  Registration card to be signed and exhibited on demand.

(a)  Signing card.--Upon receiving the registration card or any duplicate, the registrant shall sign his name in the space provided.

(b)  Carrying and exhibiting card.--Every registration card shall, at all times while the vehicle is being operated upon a highway, be in the possession of the person driving or in control of the vehicle or carried in the vehicle and shall be exhibited upon demand of any police officer.

(c)  Production to avoid penalty.--No person shall be convicted of violating this section or section 1301 (relating to driving unregistered vehicle prohibited) if the person produces at the office of the issuing authority or at the office of the arresting police officer within five days of the violation, a registration card valid in this Commonwealth at the time of the arrest.

75c1311v

(July 20, 1979, P.L.168, No.55, eff. imd.)

75c1312s

§ 1312.  Notice of change of name or address.

Any person whose address is changed from the address named in the application for registration or on the registration card or whose name is changed shall, within 15 days, notify the department in writing of the old and new address, or of such former and new names, and of the title or registration number of every vehicle registered in the person's name.

75c1312v

(June 30, 1990, P.L.266, No.63, eff. 60 days)

75c1313s

§ 1313.  Duplicate registration cards.

(a)  Additional cards upon request.--The department shall, if so requested, issue to the registrant of any vehicle whose registration is not under suspension a duplicate registration card, or as many duplicate registration cards as requested, upon payment of the fee provided in this title for each card.

(b)  Replacement of lost or illegible card.--In the event of a lost, stolen, destroyed or illegible registration card, the registrant shall apply to the department for a duplicate within 48 hours of discovery of the loss or defacement of such registration card, upon a form furnished by the department, and accompanied by the fee provided in this title.

(c)  Affidavit to avoid penalty.--No owner or operator of a vehicle shall be subject to a fine for failure to have the registration card if the owner or operator makes affidavit that the card was lost or stolen within the period of 20 days preceding and that application for new registration card was made within 48 hours as required in this section.

75c1314s

§ 1314.  Transfer of registration.

(a)  General rule.--Registration and registration plates may be transferred to another vehicle owned or leased by the registrant, or to a vehicle owned or leased by the spouse, parent or child of the registrant.

(b)  Procedure for transfer.--In order to transfer registration and registration plates, the transferee shall apply for a temporary registration card in accordance with section 1310 (relating to temporary registration cards) and simultaneously apply for transfer of registration under this section.

(c)  Same vehicle type.--If the transfer is within the same vehicle type, the transferee shall retain the registration plate previously issued, unless lost or destroyed. A new registration card shall be issued by the department.

(d)  Different vehicle type.--If the transfer is to another vehicle type, a new registration plate and card shall be issued to the transferee. The previously issued plate shall be returned to the department for cancellation immediately upon receipt of the new registration plate, unless lost or destroyed. In addition to the transfer fee, the transferee shall pay the difference in registration fees when transferring registration to a type or class of vehicle requiring a higher fee. No refund shall be payable on transferring to a type or class of vehicle requiring a lower fee.

75c1314v

 

Cross References.  Section 1314 is referred to in section 1334.1 of this title.

75c1315s

§ 1315.  Operation of vehicle following death of owner.

When the owner of a vehicle is deceased, the vehicle may be operated by or for any heir or personal representative of the decedent for the remainder of the current registration period and throughout the next following registration period, provided that the registration is renewed in the name of the decedent's estate as otherwise required by this chapter. Registration may continue to be renewed thereafter in the name of the decedent's estate by any person entitled to the family exemption until the final account is approved by the court.

75c1316s

§ 1316.  Department records.

The department shall maintain suitable records in a manner permitting identification of vehicles and owners, including:

(1)  All registrations and transfers of registrations issued.

(2)  All registrations and transfers of registrations denied and reasons for denial. Registrations and transfers returned for correction of errors or omissions need not be recorded.

75c1317s

§ 1317.  Acknowledgment of littering provisions.

On every vehicle registration card, the following statement shall be printed immediately above or below the signature of the applicant:

I hereby acknowledge this day that I have received notice of the provisions of section 3709 of the Vehicle Code.

Also printed on the registration card shall be the following:

Section 3709 provides for a fine of up to $300 for dropping, throwing or depositing, upon any highway, or upon any other public or private property without the consent of the owner thereof or into or on the waters of this Commonwealth from a vehicle, any waste paper, sweepings, ashes, household waste, glass, metal, refuse or rubbish or any dangerous or detrimental substance, or permitting any of the preceding without immediately removing such items or causing their removal.

For any violation of section 3709, I may be subject to a fine of up to $300 upon conviction, including any violation resulting from the conduct of any other persons operating, in possession of or present within this vehicle with my permission, if I do not with reasonable certainty identify the driver of the vehicle at the time the violation occurred.

75c1317v

(Mar. 27, 1986, P.L.71, No.24, eff. July 1, 1986)

 

1986 Amendment.  Act 24 added section 1317.

75c1318s

§ 1318.  Duties of agents.

(a)  Verification of financial responsibility.--An agent of the Department of Transportation who is authorized to issue on behalf of the department a vehicle registration renewal or temporary registration shall be required to verify financial responsibility prior to issuance.

(b)  Proof.--Proof of financial responsibility shall be verified by examining one of the following documents:

(1)  An identification card as required by regulations promulgated by the Insurance Department.

(2)  The declaration page of an insurance policy.

(3)  A certificate of financial responsibility.

(4)  A valid binder of insurance issued by an insurance company licensed to sell motor vehicle liability insurance in Pennsylvania.

(5)  A legible photocopy, facsimile or printout of an electronic transmission of a document listed in paragraphs (1) through (4), provided the agent receives the photocopy, facsimile or printout directly from a licensed insurance company or licensed insurance agency. The agent shall not accept a photocopy, facsimile or printout unless the licensed insurance company or licensed insurance agency provides it on the letterhead of the company or the agency, or with a letter written upon the company's or agency's letterhead, which specifically references the proof of financial responsibility by the insured's name and address and the make, model and vehicle identification number of the insured vehicle. An issuing agent of the department shall not accept a photocopy, facsimile or printout of an electronic transmission as proof of financial responsibility under this paragraph when the issuing agent is also acting as an insurance agent for the licensed insurance company or licensed insurance agency.

(c)  Handwritten proof of financial responsibility.--If handwritten proof of financial responsibility is acceptable proof of insurance in the state where the vehicle is to be registered, the issuing agent is authorized to accept such handwritten proof, provided the issuing agent receives written confirmation from the applicable state, insurance company or insurance agency that handwritten proof is acceptable in that state. The agent shall retain a copy of the written confirmation along with the copy of the document provided as proof of financial responsibility.

(d)  Verification of information on application.--In addition to any other duty prescribed by this title or departmental regulations, an agent shall verify that the purchase price stated on the application approximates the fair market value of the vehicle in a manner prescribed by the department as set forth in a notice published in the Pennsylvania Bulletin.

(e)  Penalty.--Any person who violates this section, in addition to any penalty, suspension or revocation imposed by the department, commits a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500 and for each subsequent or additional offense a fine of not less than $200 nor more than $500, or to imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or both.

75c1318v

(Feb. 7, 1990, P.L.11, No.6, eff. 60 days; July 11, 1996, P.L.660, No.115, eff. 60 days; Apr. 17, 1997, P.L.6, No.3, eff. 60 days)

 

1997 Amendment.  Act 3 added subsecs. (d) and (e).

75c1319s

§ 1319.  Duties of motor carrier vehicle owners.

(a)  Currently valid certificate of inspection.--A motor carrier vehicle is required to have a currently valid certificate of inspection at the time that the department renews the registration of the vehicle.

(b)  Audit.--The department shall establish an audit procedure to monitor compliance with the requirement that motor carrier vehicles have a currently valid certificate of inspection at the time of registration renewal.

75c1319v

(Dec. 23, 2002, P.L.1982, No.229, eff. 6 months)

 

2002 Amendment.  Act 229 added section 1319.

75c1320s

§ 1320.  Contributions to Veterans' Trust Fund.

(a)  Option.--Within one year of the effective date of this section, the department shall provide for all of the following:

(1)  Ability of an applicant for an original or renewal driver's license or identification card to make a contribution of $3 to the Veterans' Trust Fund.

(2)  Ability of an applicant for a renewal vehicle registration to make a contribution of $3 to the Veterans' Trust Fund.

(b)  Implementation.--

(1)  A contribution under subsection (a) shall be added, as appropriate, to the regular fee for:

(i)  an original or renewal driver's license or identification card; and

(ii)  a renewal of a vehicle registration.

(2)  One contribution under subsection (a) may be made for:

(i)  each issuance or renewal of a driver's license or identification card; and

(ii)  each renewal vehicle registration.

(c)  Use.--Contributions under subsection (a) shall be used exclusively for purposes set forth in 51 Pa.C.S. § 1721(c) (relating to Veterans' Trust Fund).

(d)  Deposits.--

(1)  The department shall determine on a monthly basis the total amount collected under this section and report the amount to the State Treasurer.

(2)  The State Treasurer shall transfer the amount collected to the Veterans' Trust Fund.

(e)  Reimbursement.--The Veterans' Trust Fund shall reimburse the Motor License Fund for the actual costs incurred by the department in the administration of this section.

75c1320v

(Oct. 24, 2012, P.L.1602, No.194, eff. 30 days)

 

2012 Amendment.  Act 194 added section 1320.

Cross References.  Section 1320 is referred to in section 1721 of Title 51 (Military Affairs).

75c1331h

 

 

SUBCHAPTER B

REGISTRATION PLATES

 

Sec.

1331.  Issuance and reissuance of registration plates.

1332.  Display of registration plate.

1333.  Lost, stolen, damaged or illegible registration plate.

1334.  Return of registration plate.

1334.1. Seizure of registration plate.

1335.  Registration plates for manufacturers and dealers.

1336.  Use of dealer registration plates.

1336.1. Use of multipurpose dealer registration plates.

1336.2. Farm equipment dealer registration plates.

1337.  Use of "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business" registration plates.

1337.1. Fleet owner transporter registration plate.

1338.  Person with disability plate and placard.

1339.  Legislative plate.

1340.  Antique, classic and collectible plates.

1340.1. Street rod plate.

1341.  Special registration plates generally.

1341.1. Personal organization registration plates.

1342.  Veteran plates and placard.

1343.  Use of school bus or school vehicle plates.

1344.  Use of farm vehicle plates.

1344.1. Use of farm equipment dealer registration plates.

1345.  Special plates for recipients of the Medal of Honor.

1346.  Special plates for recipients of Purple Heart.

1347.  Hearing impaired plates.

1348.  Special plates for Pearl Harbor survivors.

1349.  Circus or carnival plates.

1350.  Special plates for veterans of Korean War.

1350.1. Special plates for recipients of Korean Defense Service Medal.

1351.  Special plates for veterans of Persian Gulf War.

1352.  Wild resource conservation plate.

1352.1. Appalachian Trail organization registration plates.

1353.  Preserve our heritage registration plate.

1353.1. Pennsylvania monument registration plate.

1354.  Flagship Niagara commemorative registration plate (Repealed).

1354.1. United State Olympic plate.

1355.  Zoological plate.

1355.1. Pennsylvania Hunting Heritage registration plate.

1356.  Special plates for recipients of Expeditionary Forces Medal.

1357.  Special plates for World War II veterans.

1357.1. Special plates for individuals in the service of the United States Merchant Marine.

1358.  DARE plate (Repealed).

1359.  Special plates for steelworkers.

1360.  Special plates for veterans of Vietnam Conflict.

1361.  Special motorcycle plates for veterans.

1362.  Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans plate.

1363.  Operation Enduring Freedom veterans plate.

1364.  Special plates for veterans.

1365.  Gold Star Family plate.

1366.  Special plates for recipients of Silver Star.

1366.1. Special plates for United States military airborne units.

1367.  Special plates for recipients of Bronze Star.

1368.  Special plates for recipients of Bronze Star for Valor.

1369.  Special plates for recipients of Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, Navy Cross or Air Force Cross.

1369.1. Special plates for recipients of Combat Action Badge, Combat Infantryman Badge, Combat Action Ribbon, Combat Action Medal or Combat Medical Badge.

1369.2. Special "In God We Trust" plates.

1370.  Report to General Assembly.

75c1331s

§ 1331.  Issuance and reissuance of registration plates.

(a)  Department to provide plates.--Registration plates shall be provided by the department.

(b)  Information on plate.--Every registration plate shall have displayed upon it the identifying numbers or letters assigned to the vehicle, the name of the Commonwealth, which may be abbreviated, and any other data the department may deem necessary.

(c)  Temporary registration plates.--The department shall provide temporary registration plates for use on vehicles which are to be removed from this Commonwealth or for use as necessary pending issuance of permanent registration plates.

(d)  Reflectorizing material on plate.--All registration plates, except temporary plates, shall be treated with reflectorizing material in accordance with standards approved by the department.

(e)  Issuance of plates by agents.--The department may deliver registration plates, other than special plates, to designated agents, who shall have the authority to issue them in conjunction with the issuance of temporary registration cards.

(f)  Periodic reissuance of registration plates.--The department shall develop, implement and administer a program to provide for the reissuance of current registration plates previously issued under this section. The program to be established under this subsection shall address the following criteria:

(1)  Other than the annual registration fee required under sections 1305 (relating to application for registration) and 1309 (relating to renewal of registration) and Subchapter B of Chapter 19 (relating to registration fees), the reissued registration plate shall be issued under section 1934 (relating to general reissuance).

(2)  The program shall provide that current registration plates issued under this section be replaced. The program may provide that the department provide for reissuance of registration plates on a staggered basis which will replace registration plates issued under this section.

(3)  The program may provide for the return of and the recycling of the older registration plates.

(4) (Deleted by amendment).

(5) (Deleted by amendment).

(6)  The program may contain any other conditions, limitations, contractual arrangements or other factors which the department deems necessary to implement this subsection.

75c1331v

(Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151; Nov. 26, 2008, P.L.1658, No.133, eff. 60 days)

 

2008 Amendment.  Act 133 amended subsec. (f).

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended the section heading and added subsec. (f), effective in 60 days as to the section heading and July 1, 1999, as to subsec. (f).

75c1332s

§ 1332.  Display of registration plate.

(a)  General rule.--Every registration plate shall, at all times, be securely fastened to the vehicle to which it is assigned or on which its use is authorized in accordance with regulations promulgated by the department.

(a.1)  Motorcycle registration plate.--

(1)  A registration plate issued for a motorcycle may be mounted on the motorcycle in a vertical manner if:

(i)  the identifying characters on the plate are displayed in a vertical alignment; and

(ii)  the mounting complies with all other provisions of this section.

(2)  A registration plate that has its identifying characters displayed horizontally shall not be displayed and mounted vertically.

(3)  The department shall produce a registration plate for motorcycles which displays the identifying characters on the plate in a vertical alignment. The department shall issue such a plate upon request and upon payment of a fee of $20, which shall be in addition to the annual registration fee.

(4)  No later than January 1, 2016, the department shall report to the chairman and minority chairman of the Transportation Committee of the Senate and the chairman and minority chairman of the Transportation Committee of the House of Representatives on the number of motorcycle registration plates issued in a vertical alignment, the cost of issuance and any required revision to the fee so as to maintain necessary financial support for the highway system in this Commonwealth.

(b)  Obscuring plate.--It is unlawful to display on any vehicle a registration plate which:

(1)  is so dirty as to prevent the reading of the number or letters thereon at a reasonable distance;

(2)  is obscured in any manner which inhibits the proper operation of an automated red light enforcement system in place pursuant to section 3116 (relating to automated red light enforcement systems in first class cities) or 3117 (relating to automated red light enforcement systems in certain municipalities); or

(3)  is otherwise illegible at a reasonable distance or is obscured in any manner.

(c)  Penalty for obscured plate.--Any person who violates subsection (b)(2) commits a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $100.

(d)  Validating registration stickers.--Validating registration stickers shall not be issued or required to be displayed.

75c1332v

(Feb. 9, 2004, P.L.65, No.8; July 2, 2012, P.L.735, No.84, eff. 90 days; Nov. 25, 2013, P.L.974, No.89)

 

2013 Amendment.  Act 89 added subsecs. (a.1) and (d), effective in 90 days as to subsec. (a.1) and December 31, 2016, as to subsec. (d). See the preamble to Act 89 in the appendix to this title for special provisions relating to legislative findings and declarations.

2012 Amendment.  Act 84 amended subsec. (b)(2).

2004 Amendment.  Act 8 amended subsec. (b) and added subsec. (c).

Cross References.  Section 1332 is referred to in sections 6110.1, 6309.1 of this title.

75c1333s

§ 1333.  Lost, stolen, damaged or illegible registration plate.

(a)  Application for new plate.--The registrant of the vehicle shall within 48 hours of discovering the loss, theft or defacement apply to the department for a new plate and report the loss or theft of a plate to the police.

(b)  Substitute registration.--Where the registration plate has been lost or stolen and in any other case in which the department may deem it advisable, the original registration shall be cancelled and substitute registration issued under a new registration number other than that originally issued. Upon receipt of substitute registration, it shall be the duty of the registrant to return the old registration plates and card to the department, unless lost or destroyed.

(b.1)  Illegible registration plate.--The department may reissue a registration plate upon request by a registrant when it is determined by an authorized representative of the department or law enforcement that the registration plate is illegible from a reasonable distance. The department may select the style of the reissued registration plate and, except in the case of personal registration plates issued under section 1341 (relating to special registration plates), the registration plate number.

(c)  Affidavit to avoid penalty.--No owner or operator of a vehicle shall be subject to a fine for the reason that the registration plate is missing if they have in their possession an affidavit that the plate was lost or stolen and that application for new plate or plates was made within 48 hours as required in this section.

75c1333v

(Nov. 26, 2008, P.L.1658, No.133, eff. 60 days; Mar. 19, 2014, P.L.361, No.23, eff. 120 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 23 amended subsec. (b.1).

75c1334s

§ 1334.  Return of registration plate.

(a)  General rule.--Registration plates shall be returned to the department under the following circumstances:

(1)  A registration plate shall be returned if the registrant no longer has a vehicle titled in this Commonwealth.

(2)  A legislative registration plate shall be returned on the expiration or termination of the term of office of the legislative member.

(3)  A dealer or "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business" registration plate shall be returned if the business is discontinued.

(4)  A person with a disability registration plate shall be returned if the person to whom it was issued no longer qualifies under section 1338 (relating to person with disability plate and placard).

(b)  Time for return of plate.--Each registration plate required to be returned under this section shall be returned to the department within five days of the occurrence requiring its return.

(c)  Statement accompanying returned plate.--Each returned registration plate shall be accompanied by a statement of the reason for the return of the plate and the date of the occurrence requiring its return.

75c1334v

(July 11, 1980, P.L.550, No.113, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. imd.)

 

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsec. (a)(4).

75c1334.1s

§ 1334.1.  Seizure of registration plate.

A police officer or an employee of the department authorized to enforce the provisions of Chapter 49 (relating to size, weight and load) may seize a registration plate that appears in departmental records as suspended, revoked, canceled, stolen, inactive or issued to a vehicle other than the vehicle on which it is displayed. This provision shall not apply to a registration plate that has been legally transferred as provided for in section 1314 (relating to transfer of registration).

75c1334.1v

(June 22, 2001, P.L.559, No.37, eff. 60 days)

 

2001 Amendment.  Act 37 added section 1334.1.

75c1335s

§ 1335.  Registration plates for manufacturers and dealers.

(a)  General rule.--Upon posting of a bond in the amount of $20,000 and approval of an application in accordance with departmental regulations, the department shall issue to dealers and manufacturers who are licensed by the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons and to other dealers designated by departmental regulations, special registration plates which may be displayed on vehicles in lieu of registering each vehicle individually.

(a.1)  Bond already on file.--An authorized dealer or manufacturer who has filed a bond with the Commonwealth shall not be required to file a separate bond under this section if the bond already on file with the Commonwealth is in the name of the Commonwealth and in an amount and coverage at least equal to that required under this section.

(a.2)  Exemption.--The following types of dealers and manufacturers are exempt from posting of the bond specified in subsection (a):

(1)  Farm equipment dealers.

(2)  Mobile home dealers and manufacturers.

(3)  Modular housing manufacturers.

(b)  Application for plates.--Application for dealer registration plates shall be made by the dealer or manufacturer on a form provided by the department together with a copy of his license from the State Board of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salesmen.

(c)  Exemption from individual registration.--Vehicles displaying dealer registration plates may be operated on the highway without registering each vehicle individually, provided that the plates are used in accordance with the limitations of sections 1336 (relating to use of dealer registration plates) and 1336.1 (relating to use of multipurpose dealer registration plates).

(d)  Modular housing manufacturers.--For the purposes of this section, no modular housing manufacturer shall be required to be licensed by the State Board of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salesmen of the Department of State in order to receive registration plates.

75c1335v

(July 20, 1979, P.L.168, No.55, eff. imd.; Mar. 7, 1982, P.L.152, No.49, eff. imd.; July 10, 1984, P.L.679, No.146, eff. 60 days; July 10, 1990, P.L.356, No.83, eff. 30 days; Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26; Dec. 7, 1994, P.L.820, No.115, eff. 60 days)

 

1994 Amendment.  Act 115 amended subsec. (a).

1991 Amendment.  Act 26 amended subsec. (c) and added subsec. (a.2), effective immediately as to subsec. (a.2) and 120 days as to subsec. (c).

References in Text.  The State Board of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salesmen, referred to in this section, was changed to the State Board of Vehicle Manufacturers, Dealers and Salespersons by the act of December 22, 1983 (P.L.306, No.84).

75c1336s

§ 1336.  Use of dealer registration plates.

(a)  General rule.--Dealer registration plates may be displayed on any vehicle which is owned or in the possession of a dealer or manufacturer and such a vehicle may be operated upon the highway, but only if the vehicle is being held for sale and is being used for any of the following purposes:

(1)  For teaching students enrolled in an approved driver education course, how to operate a vehicle and for the new driver to take an examination for a driver's license.

(2)  For testing, for safety inspection, repairing or transporting to or from a repair facility vehicles in the possession of the dealer within a radius of 25 miles of the place of business of the dealer. Vehicles in the possession of the manufacturer may be tested within a radius of 50 miles of the place of business of the manufacturer.

(3)  For demonstrating vehicles in the possession of the dealer or manufacturer at no cost to a prospective purchaser.

(4)  For loaning to customers whose vehicles are being repaired if the loan period does not exceed 30 days.

(5)  For loaning to a prospective purchaser for a period not exceeding five days for the purpose of demonstrating the vehicles.

(6)  For loaning to charitable organizations as defined by departmental regulations for use in charitable activities authorized by departmental regulations.

(7)  For transit to or from a dealer, show, exhibit or auction where the vehicle is purchased by the dealer or offered for sale to prospective purchasers.

(8)  For delivery to or from a second-stage manufacturer for or upon completion. Vehicles operated pursuant to this paragraph must be unladen.

(9)  For transit to or from a prospective purchaser or customer for the purpose of demonstrating or loaning as permitted by subsection (a).

(10)  For use in the conduct of the dealer's administrative functions, such as attending meetings or events, transporting department-required paperwork or transporting financial paperwork.

(11)  For a trailer being held for sale hauling other trailers being held for sale as long as the combined weight of all trailers does not exceed 3,000 pounds.

(b)  Personal use.--A vehicle displaying dealer registration plates which is owned by a dealer or manufacturer, is held for sale and does not exceed a gross vehicle weight rating of 7,500 pounds may be operated upon the highways of this Commonwealth for the personal use of the following:

(1)  The dealer or members of his or her immediate family when the dealer is a sole proprietorship.

(2)  The officers, partners or members of their immediate families when the dealer is a corporation or partnership.

(3)  The regular employees of the dealer.

(c)  Commercial use prohibited.--Except as specifically authorized by subsections (a) and (b), dealer registration plates shall not be used on vehicles for a commercial purpose, including parts or delivery vehicles, courtesy shuttle vehicles, wreckers, roll backs, truck tractors and trucks.

(d)  Limited use.--Limited use of certain types of dealer plates shall be as follows:

(1)  A motor driven cycle or motorized pedalcycle dealer plate shall be used only on motor driven cycles and motorized pedalcycles.

(2)  A motorcycle dealer plate shall be used only on motorcycles, motor driven cycles and motorized pedalcycles. In addition, a motorcycle dealer plate may be used on other vehicles owned or in possession of the motorcycle dealer only when the vehicle is being demonstrated for a prospective purchaser.

(3)  A trailer dealer plate shall be used only on trailers.

(e)  Records.--Records shall be kept by the dealer in a manner prescribed by the department indicating which vehicles have been used as permitted by subsection (a)(1), (4), (5) and (6). The records shall indicate the name of the person to whom the vehicle was loaned. If the vehicle was loaned to a business or an organization with more than one driver, it is sufficient to list only the name of the business or organization. The records shall be open to inspection by representatives of the department and police officers.

(f)  Penalty.--Any person who violates this section, in addition to any penalty, suspension or revocation imposed by the department, is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $100.

75c1336v

(July 10, 1990, P.L.356, No.83, eff. 30 days; Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. 120 days; June 11, 1992, P.L.266, No.47, eff. 60 days; Dec. 7, 1994, P.L.820, No.115, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days)

 

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsecs. (a)(2) and (7), (b) intro. par. and (e) and added subsec. (a)(8), (9), (10) and (11).

Cross References.  Section 1336 is referred to in section 1335 of this title.

75c1336.1s

§ 1336.1.  Use of multipurpose dealer registration plates.

(a)  General rule.--Subject to the requirement that the vehicles on which multipurpose dealer registration plates are used, conform to or are lower than the weight limits for which the plates were purchased, the multipurpose dealer registration plates may be used on vehicles owned by or in possession of a dealer or manufacturer. All vehicles utilizing the multipurpose dealer registration plate shall be titled in the name of the business or family member, and sales and use tax must be paid.

(b)  Exception for second-stage manufacturers.--A title in the name of the business or family member and payment of sales and use tax are not required for a vehicle which has never been titled as long as the vehicle:

(1)  is in possession of a second-stage manufacturer and is being transported from a dealer or distributor for completion or delivered to a dealer or distributor upon completion; or

(2)  is owned or in possession of a dealer and is being delivered to the second-stage manufacturer for completion or is being transported back to the dealer upon completion.

75c1336.1v

(Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. 120 days; July 6, 1995, P.L.246, No.30, eff. 60 days)

 

Cross References.  Section 1336.1 is referred to in section 1335 of this title.

75c1336.2s

§ 1336.2.  Farm equipment dealer registration plates.

Upon submission of an application accompanied by the appropriate fee and information on a farm equipment dealer that a truck or truck tractor with a registered gross weight of 11,001 pounds or over is used solely in the business of the dealer, the department shall issue a farm equipment dealer registration plate for the vehicle.

75c1336.2v

(Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. 120 days)

 

1991 Amendment.  Act 26 added section 1336.2.

75c1337s

§ 1337.  Use of "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business" registration plates.

(a)  General rule.--The department shall issue to owners of miscellaneous motor vehicle businesses with established places of business special registration plates which may be displayed on vehicles operated on highways in lieu of registering each vehicle individually. Registration plates issued under this section may be displayed upon vehicles only as provided for each of the following classes of miscellaneous motor vehicle business:

(1)  For a repair or towing business:

(i)  upon vehicles being used in the conduct of the repair business to retrieve, tow or deliver other vehicles or parts; and

(ii)  upon vehicles being repaired.

(2)  For a vehicle salvage dealer business:

(i)  upon vehicles being used in the conduct of the vehicle salvage dealer's business to retrieve or deliver vehicles, vehicle hulks, parts or materials; and

(ii)  upon vehicles being transported on their own wheels for the purpose of being dismantled or recycled.

(3)  For a transporter business upon vehicles being transported on their own wheels in the conduct of the transporter business.

(4)  For a financier or collector-repossessor business:

(i)  upon vehicles being used to pick up vehicles that are being repossessed; and

(ii)  upon vehicles being repossessed.

(5)  For a watercraft trailer business:

(i)  upon trailers used for the delivery of a new boat to its purchaser;

(ii)  upon trailers used for the transport of a used boat which is to be resold by the dealer; and

(iii)  upon trailers used for the transport of boats by a dealer to or from another boat dealer, warehouse, storage facility, boat show or repair facility or to and from a location where a boat is to be demonstrated, tested or inspected.

(6)  For all classes of miscellaneous motor vehicle businesses upon vehicles used for the personal pleasure or use of the owner of the miscellaneous motor vehicle business or members of the owner's immediate family, or when the business is a corporation, upon vehicles used for the pleasure or use of not more than three officers or members of the officer's immediate family or for the personal use of the regular employees of the business when operated by the employee.

All vehicles specified in paragraphs (1)(i), (2)(i), (4)(i) and (6) must be titled in the name of the business or family member and sales tax must be paid.

(b)  Application for registration.--Application for registration in any of the "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business" classes shall be made upon a form provided by the department and shall set forth the full name and business address of the applicant and such other information as the department shall require. The application shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of the applicant or, if the applicant is a partnership or a corporation, by a partner or officer.

(c)  Classes of "Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Business".--

(1)  Repair or towing.--Any person regularly engaged in the business of mechanical or body repairs or towing for direct compensation of motor vehicles owned and operated by other persons.

(2)  Vehicle salvage dealer.--Any person regularly engaged in the business of acquiring and dismantling used, wrecked, damaged, abandoned or salvage vehicles for the purpose of selling the usable parts and selling the remaining vehicle hulk materials for recycling or processing.

(3)  Transporter.--Any person regularly engaged in the business of transporting new or used vehicles on their own wheels, owned by or in possession of a manufacturer or dealer.

(4)  Financier or collector-repossessor.--Any person who is duly authorized by the Department of Banking to do business in this Commonwealth as a financier or collector-repossessor and who is regularly engaged in the business of financing sales, making loans on the security of vehicles or repossessing vehicles which are the subject of installment sales contracts as an independent contractor.

(5)  Watercraft trailer dealer.--Any person regularly engaged in the business of selling watercraft and trailers used exclusively for the transport of the watercraft.

75c1337v

(July 20, 1979, P.L.168, No.55, eff. imd.; Feb. 10, 1994, P.L.10, No.2, eff. 60 days)

 

Cross References.  Section 1337 is referred to in sections 1162, 7301, 7302, 7322 of this title.

75c1337.1s

§ 1337.1.  Fleet owner transporter registration plate.

(a)  General rule.--The department shall issue to fleet owners special registration plates which may be displayed on passenger cars, trucks, truck tractors and trailers owned or leased by the fleet owner in lieu of registering each vehicle individually.

(b)  Limitations on use of plates.--

(1)  A registration plate issued under this section may be displayed only on an unladen vehicle.

(2)  A registration plate issued under this section may be displayed only on a vehicle type for which it was purchased, except that a plate issued for a truck or truck tractor may be displayed on an unladen passenger car or an unladen trailer. The weight limits for trucks, truck tractors and trailers must conform to the weight limit for which the registration plate was purchased.

(3)  A vehicle bearing a registration plate issued under this section may be used for any of the following:

(i)  For transit of the vehicle to or from the place where the vehicle is offered for sale.

(ii)  For transit from the place where the vehicle was purchased.

(iii)  For transit to and from a location where the vehicle is modified, completed or enhanced for a period of not more than 30 days after the date of purchase.

(iv)  For testing of the vehicle for a period of not more than 30 days after the date of purchase.

(v)  For repair, servicing or inspection of a vehicle which is not normally operated on a highway.

(c)  Records.--Records shall be kept by the fleet owner in a manner prescribed by the department indicating the vehicles which displayed each registration plate issued under this section. The records shall be open to inspection by department representatives and any police officer.

75c1337.1v

(Dec. 18, 1992, P.L.1411, No.174, eff. 60 days)

 

1992 Amendment.  Act 174 added section 1337.1.

75c1338s

§ 1338.  Person with disability plate and placard.

(a)  Person with disability plate.--On the application of any person who:

(1)  is blind;

(2)  does not have full use of an arm or both arms;

(3)  cannot walk 200 feet without stopping to rest;

(4)  cannot walk without the use of, or assistance from, a brace, cane, crutch, another person, prosthetic device, wheelchair or other assistive device;

(5)  is restricted by lung disease to such an extent that the person's forced (respiratory) expiratory volume for one second, when measured by spirometry, is less than one liter or the arterial oxygen tension is less than 60 mm/hg on room air at rest;

(6)  uses portable oxygen;

(7)  has a cardiac condition to the extent that the person's functional limitations are classified in severity as Class III or Class IV according to the standards set by the American Heart Association;

(8)  is severely limited in his or her ability to walk due to an arthritic, neurological or orthopedic condition; or

(9)  is a person in loco parentis of a person specified in paragraph (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7) or (8);

the department shall issue a special registration plate for one passenger car or truck with a registered gross weight of not more than 14,000 pounds, designating the vehicle so licensed as being used by a person with a disability. Special plates for persons with disabilities may also be issued for vehicles operated exclusively for the use and benefit of persons with disabilities. In the case of a motorcycle, the department shall issue a decal containing the international symbol for access for persons with disabilities for display on the registration plate.

(b)  Person with disability parking placard.--On the initial application or renewal application of any person who meets the qualifications of subsection (a), the department shall issue one special parking placard of such size and design as the department shall specify, designating the vehicle in which it is displayed as being used for the transportation of persons with disabilities. When parking the designated vehicle, the person with disability parking placard shall be prominently displayed in such a manner that it may be viewed from the front and rear of the vehicle by hanging it from the front windshield rearview mirror of a vehicle only when that vehicle is utilizing a parking space reserved for persons with disabilities. When there is no rearview mirror, or the placard is not designed in such a manner to accommodate hanging from a rearview mirror, the placard shall be displayed on the dashboard. Placards may also be issued for use in vehicles when operated for the use and benefit of persons with disabilities provided that a person with a disability is being transported in the vehicle. Organizations that transport persons with disabilities shall upon application be issued not more than eight placards in the organization's name. These placards may be used in a vehicle of the organization or the personal vehicle of an employee or volunteer of the organization when the employee or volunteer operates the vehicle for the benefit and use of persons with disabilities provided that a person with a disability is being transported in the vehicle.

(c)  Health care provider's statement.--

(1)  Any person applying for a special plate or parking placard for persons with disabilities must present a statement, certified by a physician, podiatrist, chiropractor, physician assistant or certified registered nurse practitioner licensed or certified to practice in this Commonwealth or in a contiguous state, that the person with a disability is disabled as provided in subsection (a).

(2)  Any person applying for a renewal of registration of a special plate for persons with disabilities must comply with this subsection. Once a person with a disability has been duly certified by a physician, podiatrist, chiropractor, physician assistant or certified registered nurse practitioner as being disabled, as provided in subsection (a), the applicant need not submit a certification for subsequent renewals of registration for a special plate for persons with disabilities. A person who was issued a person with disability plate under this section and no longer qualifies for one shall not be charged a replacement fee for a regular registration plate upon payment of the regular registration fee.

(3)  In lieu of a health care provider's statement, a person applying for a special plate or parking placard may present a statement from a police officer certifying that the person does not have full use of a leg, or both legs, or is blind.

(4)  The department shall phase out existing handicapped placards as soon as practicable and issue a new series to persons who comply with this section.

(c.1)  Return of plates and placard.--Upon the death of a person to whom a plate or placard has been issued under this section, the plate or placard shall be void 30 days after death and shall not be displayed on any vehicle. The personal representative of the deceased shall return the plate to the department. If there is no personal representative, the spouse or, if there is no spouse, the next of kin of the deceased shall return the plate or placard to the department.

(c.2)  Authorized use.--This section shall not preclude the operation of a vehicle which bears a person with disability plate when the vehicle is not being used for the benefit of the person with a disability or when the person with a disability is not present in the vehicle, provided the driver does not use or attempt to use any special privilege or benefit otherwise accorded to vehicles displaying the plate.

(d)  Penalty.--Any person violating this section commits a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of not more than $100.

(e)  Definitions.--As used in this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this subsection:

"Chiropractor."  A chiropractor acting within the scope of practice contained in the act of December 16, 1986 (P.L.1646, No.188), known as the Chiropractic Practice Act.

"Podiatrist."  A podiatrist acting within the scope of practice contained in the act of March 2, 1956 (1955 P.L.1206, No.375), known as the Podiatry Practice Act.

75c1338v

(July 11, 1980, P.L.550, No.113, eff. 60 days; Oct. 10, 1980, P.L.791, No.147, eff. imd.; May 9, 1986, P.L.158, No.51, eff. 60 days; Dec. 11, 1986, P.L.1530, No.166, eff. 60 days; July 11, 1990, P.L.432, No.105, eff. 60 days; July 19, 1991, P.L.88, No.20, eff. 90 days; Apr. 29, 1994, P.L.148, No.25, eff. imd.; July 6, 1995, P.L.246, No.30, eff. 60 days; Dec. 15, 1995, P.L.655, No.72, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; July 15, 2004, P.L.698, No.76, eff. 60 days; Dec 18, 2007, P.L.436, No.67, eff. 60 days; July 2, 2014, P.L.988, No.109, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 109 amended subsec. (a).

2004 Amendment.  Section 2 of Act 76 provided that any regulations of the Department of Transportation that are inconsistent with Act 76 are hereby abrogated to the extent of that inconsistency.

Cross References.  Section 1338 is referred to in sections 1334, 1341.1, 1342 of this title.

75c1339s

§ 1339.  Legislative plate.

Upon application by a member or retired member of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth or the Congress of the United States, the department may issue special registration plates indicating that the vehicle is owned by a member or retired member of the Pennsylvania or United States Senate or House of Representatives, as appropriate.

75c1339v

(June 26, 2001, P.L.734, No.75, eff. 60 days)

75c1340s

§ 1340.  Antique, classic and collectible plates.

(a)  General rule.--Upon submission by a vehicle owner of information satisfactory to the department that a motorcycle or motor vehicle is an antique motorcycle or motor vehicle or classic motorcycle or motor vehicle or collectible motorcycle or motor vehicle, accompanied by the appropriate fee, the department may issue special plates for the motorcycle or vehicle. The special plate for antique motor vehicles, except antique motorcycles, shall bear the designation "antique vehicle." The applicant shall provide photographic proof in a manner specified by the department to demonstrate the condition of the motor vehicle. No annual registration fee may be charged for antique, collectible or classic motorcycles or motor vehicles. A holder of the special plates may obtain replacement plates bearing the designation "antique vehicle" upon payment of the appropriate fee.

(a.1)  Vintage registration plates.--In lieu of a special plate issued under subsection (a), the owner of an antique or classic motor vehicle may request permission from the department to display a vintage registration plate from the model year of the motor vehicle. The vintage registration plate shall be:

(1)  Provided by the motor vehicle owner.

(2)  A Pennsylvania registration plate issued between the years 1906 and 1976.

(3)  Legible from a reasonable distance.

The applicant shall provide information as the department may require for processing the request and a $75 application fee. The department may deny a request to use a vintage registration plate for cause.

(b)  Use of plates.--It is unlawful for any person to operate a motorcycle or vehicle with antique, classic, vintage or collectible registration plates for general daily transportation. Permitted use shall be limited to participation in club activities, exhibits, tours, parades, occasional transportation and similar uses. Occasional transportation shall mean no more than one day per week.

75c1340v

(May 30, 1990, P.L.173, No.42, eff. 60 days; Apr. 29, 1994, P.L.148, No.25, eff. 60 days; Dec. 20, 1995, P.L.669, No.75, eff. 120 days; Dec. 1, 2004, P.L.1767, No.228, eff. 60 days; Apr. 12, 2012, P.L.227, No.25, eff. 120 days; July 2, 2014, P.L.988, No.109, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 109 amended subsec. (a.1)(2).

Cross References.  Section 1340 is referred to in sections 102, 1786, 4703 of this title.

75c1340.1s

§ 1340.1.  Street rod plate.

Upon submission by a vehicle owner of information satisfactory to the department that a motor vehicle is a street rod, accompanied by the appropriate fee, the department shall issue special plates for the vehicle which shall have the same force and effect as regular registration plates. The applicant shall comply with all laws and regulations pertaining to registration including the payment of any additional fees.

75c1340.1v

(July 10, 1981, P.L.250, No.82, eff. imd.)

 

1981 Amendment.  Act 82 added section 1340.1.

75c1341s

§ 1341.  Special registration plates.

(a)  General rule.--Upon request by the applicant, the department may issue registration plates consisting of any combination of numbers, letters or numbers and letters. They shall have the same force and effect as regular registration plates. The department may refuse any combination of letters and numbers for cause and shall adopt reasonable rules and regulations for the issuance of the plates and for carrying out the provisions of this section. The applicant shall comply with all laws and regulations pertaining to registration including the payment of any additional fees.

(b)  Personal registration plates.--Upon request by the applicant, the department is authorized to issue personal registration plates. The department is authorized to reissue a combination of numbers or letters for a personal plate if the department records reveal that no activity, such as renewal or transfer of the personal registration plate, has occurred for a period of five or more consecutive years and provided that the personal registration plate was never reported as lost or stolen. Whenever the department reissues an inactive personal plate, the department may purge its records of all references to the previous owners of that personal plate. The department shall, however, note upon its records the reissuance of the personal plate and to whom the plate was issued. A personal registration plate may be used only on a passenger car or truck, with a registered gross weight of not more than 14,000 pounds, motorcycle, trailer or motor home.

(c)  Organization registration plates.--Upon request by the applicant, the department is authorized to issue organization registration plates. Organization registration plates may be issued for special groups or for special purposes and bear an appropriate designation. Special groups may charge a fee for authorization to request a registration plate bearing the name of the group. If the vehicle is licensed to a business that is not a member of the special group, the department shall issue the plate as long as the business owner or officer making application is a member of that group. An organization registration plate may be used only on a passenger car or truck, with a registered gross weight of not more than 14,000 pounds, trailer or motor home.

75c1341v

(Apr. 29, 1994, P.L.148, No.25, eff. imd.; June 26, 2001, P.L.734, No.75, eff. 60 days; Nov. 29, 2006, P.L.1449, No.159, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 2007, P.L.436, No.67, eff. 60 days; Mar. 19, 2014, P.L.361, No.23, eff. 120 days)

 

Cross References.  Section 1341 is referred to in sections 1333, 1786 of this title.

75c1341.1s

§ 1341.1.  Personal organization registration plates.

(a)  General rule.--The department may, upon application of any person and upon payment of the additional fee under this section, issue a personal organization registration plate to applicants for special registration plates authorized in this chapter.

(b)  Additional fee.--

(1)  The department shall collect an additional fee of $100 for personal organization registration plates issued under subsection (a).

(2)  For any personal plate issued under sections 1338 (relating to person with disability plate and placard) and 1342 (relating to veteran plates and placard), the department shall collect only an additional fee of $50.

75c1341.1v

(Mar. 19, 2014, P.L.361, No.23, eff. 120 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 23 added section 1341.1.

75c1342s

§ 1342.  Veteran plates and placard.

(a)  Severely disabled veteran plate.--On the application of a veteran whose service-connected disability is certified at 100% by the service unit of the armed forces in which the veteran served or by the United States Veterans' Administration or who has a service-connected disability of the type enumerated in section 1338 (relating to person with disability plate and placard), the department shall issue a special registration plate designating the vehicle as belonging to a severely disabled veteran. The registration plate shall have a white background, shall have blue numbers or letters as the department may determine, shall have the words "disabled veteran" in at least ten-point bold type inscribed in red at the bottom of the plate and shall include the international symbol for access for persons with disabilities. A special registration plate issued to a veteran under this section may be used only on a passenger car or truck with a registered gross weight of not more than 14,000 pounds. In the case of a motorcycle, the department shall issue a decal containing the international symbol for access for persons with disabilities and the words "disabled veteran" for display on the registration plate.

(b)  Severely disabled veteran placard.--On the application of any person who meets the qualifications of subsection (a), the department shall issue one special parking placard of such size and design as the department shall specify, designating the vehicle in which it is displayed as being used for the transportation of a severely disabled veteran. When parking the designated vehicle, the severely disabled veteran parking placard shall be prominently displayed so that it may be viewed from the front and rear of the vehicle by hanging it from the front windshield rearview mirror of a vehicle only when that vehicle is utilizing a parking space reserved for persons with disabilities. When there is no rearview mirror, or the placard is not designed in such a manner to accommodate hanging from a rearview mirror, the placard shall be prominently displayed on the dashboard of the vehicle when it is in use for the transportation of such severely disabled veteran. Placards may also be issued for use in vehicles when operated for the use and benefit of severely disabled veterans provided that a severely disabled veteran is being transported in the vehicle.

(c)  Disabled veteran plates.--On the application of any veteran having a disability certified by the service unit of the armed forces in which the veteran served or by the United States Veterans' Administration as service-connected, the department shall issue a special registration plate designating the vehicle as belonging to a disabled veteran. The registration plate shall have a white background, shall have numbers or letters as the department may determine and shall have the words "disabled veteran" in at least ten-point bold type inscribed at the bottom of the plate. A special registration plate issued to a veteran under this section may be used only on a passenger car or truck with a registered gross weight of not more than 14,000 pounds.

(d)  Prisoner of war plate.--On the application of an ex-prisoner of war whose imprisonment while in the service of the armed forces of the United States is certified by the appropriate branch of the armed forces, the department shall issue a special registration plate designating the vehicle as belonging to an ex-prisoner of war. The registration plate shall contain the letters "POW" and such other numbers or letters as the department may determine and shall have the words "prisoner of war" in at least ten-point bold type inscribed at the bottom of the plate. A special registration plate issued to an ex-prisoner of war under this subsection may be used only on a passenger car or truck with a registered gross weight of not more than 14,000 pounds.

(e)  Documentation of eligibility.--The department may require current holders of disabled veteran registration plates and placards to provide documentation of their eligibility under this section where current documentation is not sufficient.

(f)  Return of plates and placard.--Upon the death of a veteran to whom a severely disabled veteran plate or placard has been issued under this section, the severely disabled veteran plate or placard shall be void 30 days after death and shall not be displayed on any vehicle. The personal representative of the deceased shall return the plate to the department. If there is no personal representative, the spouse or, if there is no spouse, the next of kin of the deceased shall return the plate or placard to the department.

75c1342v

(July 11, 1980, P.L.550, No.113, eff. 60 days; July 10, 1981, P.L.250, No.82, eff. imd.; May 9, 1986, P.L.158, No.51, eff. 60 days; Dec. 11, 1986, P.L.1530, No.166, eff. 60 days; Apr. 29, 1994, P.L.148, No.25, eff. imd.; Dec. 15, 1995, P.L.655, No.72, eff. 60 days; Dec. 21, 1998, P.L.1126, No.151, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 2007, P.L.436, No.67, eff. 60 days; July 2, 2014, P.L.988, No.109, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 109 amended subsecs. (a), (c) and (d).

1998 Amendment.  Act 151 amended subsecs. (a), (b), (c) and (d).

1995 Amendment.  Act 72 added subsec. (f).

Cross References.  Section 1342 is referred to in sections 1341.1, 1346 of this title.

75c1343s

§ 1343.  Use of school bus or school vehicle plates.

(a)  General rule.--A motor vehicle bearing school bus or school vehicle registration plates shall be used exclusively for the transportation of children and their chaperons to or from public, private, parochial or Sunday school or in connection with any public, private, parochial or Sunday school-related activity. Each school district shall adopt regulations regarding the number of chaperons to accompany students in connection with these activities. Except when transporting children to and from public, private, parochial or Sunday school or public, private, parochial or Sunday school-related activities, the words "school bus" on the front and rear of the vehicle shall be concealed and the red and amber visual signals shall not be operable.

(b)  Penalty.--Any person violating this section is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $25.

75c1343v

(Dec. 11, 1986, P.L.1530, No.166, eff. 60 days; Dec. 18, 1992, P.L.1411, No.174, eff. 60 days)

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§ 1344.  Use of farm vehicle plates.

(a)  General rule.--A truck or truck tractor bearing farm vehicle registration plates shall be used exclusively upon a farm or farms owned or operated by the registrant of the vehicle or upon highways between:

(1)  Parts of one such farm.

(2)  Such farms.

(3)  Such a farm or farms and a place of business for the purpose of buying or selling agricultural commodities or supplies.

(4)  Such place of business, if transported to the place of business pursuant to paragraph (3) and the place of delivery of the agricultural commodities, provided that:

(i)  delivery is made pursuant to the sale of the commodities by the registrant of the vehicle, by an employee of the vehicle registrant or by an auctioneer; and

(ii)  if transported to the place of business pursuant to paragraph (3), delivery is made by the same vehicle of the registrant which transported the commodities to the place of business.

(5)  Such farm or farms and a department site for the examination of an applicant for a driver's license.

(6)  Such farm or farms and a place of business for the inspection, repair or servicing of the vehicle.

(b)  Penalty.--Any person violating this section is guilty of a summary offense and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to pay a fine of $50 and shall, upon conviction for a second or subsequent offense, be sentenced to pay a fine of $200.

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(July 20, 1979, P.L.168, No.55, eff. imd.; Nov. 23, 1987, P.L.399, No.82, eff. 60 days; May 20, 1993, P.L.30, No.10, eff. 60 days)

 

1993 Amendment.  Act 10 amended the section heading and subsec. (a).

Cross References.  Section 1344 is referred to in section 2105 of this title.

75c1344.1s

§ 1344.1.  Use of farm equipment dealer registration plates.

A truck or truck tractor bearing farm equipment dealer registration plates shall be used solely in the business of the dealer and operated exclusively by the dealership or its employees only when the vehicle is used:

(1)  for delivering farm equipment to a farm for the purpose of sale, demonstration, loaning to customers whose farm equipment is being repaired or loaning to prospective purchasers;

(2)  for pickup of new farm equipment from the manufacturer or distributor;

(3)  for pickup of used farm equipment for the purpose of resale; or

(4)  for inspection, repair or servicing the vehicle.

75c1344.1v

(Aug. 5, 1991, P.L.238, No.26, eff. 120 days)

 

1991 Amendment.  Act 26 added section 1344.1.