§ 708.  Executive sessions.
        (a)  Purpose.--An agency may hold an executive session for
     one or more of the following reasons:
            (1)  To discuss any matter involving the employment,
        appointment, termination of employment, terms and conditions
        of employment, evaluation of performance, promotion or
        disciplining of any specific prospective public officer or
        employee or current public officer or employee employed or
        appointed by the agency, or former public officer or
        employee, provided, however, that the individual employees or
        appointees whose rights could be adversely affected may
        request, in writing, that the matter or matters be discussed
        at an open meeting. The agency's decision to discuss such
        matters in executive session shall not serve to adversely
        affect the due process rights granted by law, including those
        granted by Title 2 (relating to administrative law and
        procedure). The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply
        to any meeting involving the appointment or selection of any
        person to fill a vacancy in any elected office.
            (2)  To hold information, strategy and negotiation
        sessions related to the negotiation or arbitration of a
        collective bargaining agreement or, in the absence of a
        collective bargaining unit, related to labor relations and
        arbitration.
            (3)  To consider the purchase or lease of real property
        up to the time an option to purchase or lease the real
        property is obtained or up to the time an agreement to
        purchase or lease such property is obtained if the agreement
        is obtained directly without an option.
            (4)  To consult with its attorney or other professional
        advisor regarding information or strategy in connection with
        litigation or with issues on which identifiable complaints
        are expected to be filed.
            (5)  To review and discuss agency business which, if
        conducted in public, would violate a lawful privilege or lead
        to the disclosure of information or confidentiality protected
        by law, including matters related to the initiation and
        conduct of investigations of possible or certain violations
        of the law and quasi-judicial deliberations.
            (6)  For duly constituted committees of a board or
        council of trustees of a State-owned, State-aided or State-
        related college or university or community college or of the
        Board of Governors of the State System of Higher Education to
        discuss matters of academic admission or standings.
        (b)  Procedure.--The executive session may be held during an
     open meeting or at the conclusion of an open meeting or may be
     announced for a future time. The reason for holding the
     executive session must be announced at the open meeting
     occurring immediately prior or subsequent to the executive
     session. If the executive session is not announced for a future
     specific time, members of the agency shall be notified 24 hours
     in advance of the time of the convening of the meeting
     specifying the date, time, location and purpose of the executive
     session.
        (c)  Limitation.--Official action on discussions held
     pursuant to subsection (a) shall be taken at an open meeting.
     Nothing in this section or section 707 (relating to exceptions
     to open meetings) shall be construed to require that any meeting
     be closed to the public, nor shall any executive session be used
     as a subterfuge to defeat the purposes of section 704 (relating
     to open meetings).

        Cross References.  Section 708 is referred to in sections
     704, 707 of this title.