18c4301h

 

 

ARTICLE D

OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY

 

Chapter

  43.  Offenses Against the Family

 

 

CHAPTER 43

OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY

 

Subchapter

A.  Definition of Offenses Generally

B.  Nonsupport (Repealed)

 

Enactment.  Chapter 43 was added December 6, 1972, P.L.1482, No.334, effective in six months.

 

 

SUBCHAPTER A

DEFINITION OF OFFENSES GENERALLY

 

Sec.

4301.  Bigamy.

4302.  Incest.

4303.  Concealing death of child.

4304.  Endangering welfare of children.

4305.  Dealing in infant children.

4306.  Newborn protection.

 

Cross References.  Subchapter A is referred to in section 2101 of Title 5 (Athletics and Sports).

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§ 4301.  Bigamy.

(a)  Bigamy.--A married person is guilty of bigamy, a misdemeanor of the second degree, if he contracts or purports to contract another marriage, unless at the time of the subsequent marriage:

(1)  the actor believes that the prior spouse is dead;

(2)  the actor and the prior spouse have been living apart for two consecutive years throughout which the prior spouse was not known by the actor to be alive; or

(3)  a court has entered a judgment purporting to terminate or annul any prior disqualifying marriage, and the actor does not know that judgment to be invalid.

(b)  Other party to bigamous marriage.--A person is guilty of bigamy if he contracts or purports to contract marriage with another knowing that the other is thereby committing bigamy.

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§ 4302.  Incest.

(a)  General rule.--Except as provided under subsection (b), a person is guilty of incest, a felony of the second degree, if that person knowingly marries or cohabits or has sexual intercourse with an ancestor or descendant, a brother or sister of the whole or half blood or an uncle, aunt, nephew or niece of the whole blood.

(b)  Incest of a minor.--A person is guilty of incest of a minor, a felony of the second degree, if that person knowingly marries, cohabits with or has sexual intercourse with a complainant who is an ancestor or descendant, a brother or sister of the whole or half blood or an uncle, aunt, nephew or niece of the whole blood and:

(1)  is under the age of 13 years; or

(2)  is 13 to 18 years of age and the person is four or more years older than the complainant.

(c)  Relationships.--The relationships referred to in this section include blood relationships without regard to legitimacy, and relationship of parent and child by adoption.

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(Nov. 17, 1989, P.L.592, No.64, eff. 60 days; Mar. 31, 1995, 1st Sp.Sess., P.L.985, No.10, eff. 60 days; Dec. 20, 2011, P.L.446, No.111, eff. 60 days)

 

Cross References.  Section 4302 is referred to in section 5702 of this title; section 3304 of Title 5 (Athletics and Sports); sections 5329, 6303, 6344, 6702 of Title 23 (Domestic Relations); sections 5552, 6358, 6402, 6403, 9718.1, 9799.14, 9799.24, 9802 of Title 42 (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure); section 2303 of Title 44 (Law and Justice); section 4503 of Title 61 (Prisons and Parole).

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§ 4303.  Concealing death of child.

(a)  Offense defined.--A person is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree if he or she endeavors privately, either alone or by the procurement of others, to conceal the death of his or her child, so that it may not come to light, whether it was born dead or alive or whether it was murdered or not.

(b)  Procedure.--If the same indictment or information charges any person with the murder of his or her child, as well as with the offense of the concealment of the death, the jury may acquit or convict him or her of both offenses, or find him or her guilty of one and acquit him or her of the other.

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(Oct. 4, 1978, P.L.909, No.173, eff. 60 days; Mar. 31, 1995, 1st Sp.Sess., P.L.985, No.10, eff. 60 days)

 

1995 Amendment.  Section 18 of Act 10, 1st Sp.Sess., provided that the amendment of section 4303 shall apply to offenses committed on or after the effective date of Act 10.

Cross References.  Section 4303 is referred to in section 2106 of Title 20 (Decedents, Estates and Fiduciaries); sections 5329, 6344 of Title 23 (Domestic Relations); section 1515 of Title 42 (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure).

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§ 4304.  Endangering welfare of children.

(a)  Offense defined.--

(1)  A parent, guardian or other person supervising the welfare of a child under 18 years of age, or a person that employs or supervises such a person, commits an offense if he knowingly endangers the welfare of the child by violating a duty of care, protection or support.

(2)  A person commits an offense if the person, in an official capacity, prevents or interferes with the making of a report of suspected child abuse under 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 63 (relating to child protective services).

(3)  As used in this subsection, the term "person supervising the welfare of a child" means a person other than a parent or guardian that provides care, education, training or control of a child.

(b)  Grading.--An offense under this section constitutes a misdemeanor of the first degree. However, where there is a course of conduct of endangering the welfare of a child, the offense constitutes a felony of the third degree.

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(Dec. 19, 1988, P.L.1275, No.158, eff. 60 days; July 6, 1995, P.L.251, No.31, eff. 60 days; Nov. 29, 2006, P.L.1581, No.179, eff. 60 days)

 

2006 Amendment.  Act 179 amended subsec. (a).

Cross References.  Section 4304 is referred to in section 3304 of Title 5 (Athletics and Sports); section 2106 of Title 20 (Decedents, Estates and Fiduciaries); sections 5329, 6340, 6344 of Title 23 (Domestic Relations); sections 5552, 62A03, 9718.1 of Title 42 (Judiciary and Judicial Procedure).

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§ 4305.  Dealing in infant children.

A person is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree if he deals in humanity, by trading, bartering, buying, selling, or dealing in infant children.

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Cross References.  Section 4305 is referred to in section 5708 of this title; section 3304 of Title 5 (Athletics and Sports); sections 2533, 5329, 6344 of Title 23 (Domestic Relations).

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§ 4306.  Newborn protection.

(a)  General rule.--A parent of a newborn shall not be criminally liable for any violation of this title solely for leaving a newborn in the care of a hospital or a police officer at a police station pursuant to 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 65 (relating to newborn protection) providing that the following criteria are met:

(1)  The parent expresses, either orally or through conduct, the intent to have the hospital or police officer accept the newborn pursuant to 23 Pa.C.S. Ch. 65.

(2)  The newborn is not a victim of child abuse or criminal conduct.

(b)  Definitions.--As used in this section, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this subsection unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Child abuse."  As defined in 23 Pa.C.S. § 6303(b.1) (relating to definitions).

"Newborn."  As defined in 23 Pa.C.S. § 6502 (relating to definitions).

"Police department."  A public agency of a political subdivision having general police powers and charged with making arrests in connection with the enforcement of criminal or traffic laws.

"Police officer."  A full-time or part-time employee assigned to criminal or traffic law enforcement duties of a police department of a county, city, borough, town or township. The term also includes a member of the State Police Force.

"Police station."  The station or headquarters of a police department or a Pennsylvania State Police station or headquarters.

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(Dec. 9, 2002, P.L.1549, No.201, eff. 60 days; July 2, 2014, P.L.843, No.91, eff. 60 days)

 

2014 Amendment.  Act 91 amended subsecs. (a) intro. par. and (1) and (b).

2002 Amendment.  Act 201 added section 4306.

Cross References.  Section 4306 is referred to in section 6503 of Title 23 (Domestic Relations).

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SUBCHAPTER B

NONSUPPORT

(Repealed)

 

1985 Repeal Note.  Subchapter B (§§ 4321 - 4324) was added December 6, 1972, P.L.1482, No.334, and repealed October 30, 1985, P.L.264, No.66, effective in 90 days. The subject matter is now contained in Chapter 43 of Title 23 (Domestic Relations).